Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office
From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office (PCSO) is one of the government's owned and controlled corporations that is authorized to raise funds and provide additional revenues through number games or lotteries for the promotion of public health and general welfare, created in the virtue of Republic Act 4130, the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Law replacing the National Charity Sweepstakes.
The first Sweepstakes draw conducted by the government happened in 1932, in the purpose of raising funds to support the sports projects, for Filipino youth, by the [Philippine Amatuer Athletic Federation]]. Due to its success, the government decided to conduct more draws, this time, to support the Philippine Anti-Tuberculosis Society, now Philippine Tuberculosis Society. these draws were held under the controlled guidance of the National Charity Sweepstakes.
PCSO was created in 1935 when former President Manuel L. Quezon approved the Republic Act 4130, Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Law, replacing the National Charity Sweepstakes and auhtorized the securing from the National Treasury a loan amounting to Php250,000.00 required for the organization of the office and printing of the tickets needed for draws.
On September 8, 1935, the first Sweepstakes draw of the new agency was held. The loan from the National Treasury was paid in two months and sales started pouring in. The mandate of the Sweepstakes found acceptance among the Filipino people.
On June 18,1954, Republic Act 1169 was enacted into law providing for charity sweepstakes and lotteries once a month when there are no Sweepstakes draws and races.
In September 1979, Batas Pambansa Blg.42 was enacted into law amending the PCSO Charter (RA 1169). The law raised the fund allocation for the agency's Charity Fund from the previous 25% of net sales to 30%, while 55% now went to prizes and the remaining 15% for operations. On top of the 30% share from net receipts, all unclaimed prizes go to the Charity Fund.
During President Fidel V. Ramos administration, the PCSO was mandated to support government's rehabilitation program for the areas devastated by the Mt. Pinatubo eruption. He issued Proclamation No. 51, "Exhorting the public and private sectors to support the PCSO Special Pinatubo Lottery Draw scheduled on October 22, 1992 to raise charity funds for the victims of the Mt. Pinatubo eruption." That was the first of a series of draws the PCSO had embarked on to raise the Php350 million which was disbursed later to the President's Calamity Fund.
On February 14,1993, the PCSO conducted series of draws supporting the Cordillera Autonomous Region Livelihood Project - a project that provides our Filipino brothers and sisters in the Cordilleras the opportunity to work and to develop themselves as productive entrepreneurs of the community.
In mid-1987, the Instant Sweepstakes was launched. It is a variant of the national lottery game patterned after a similar game in the United States of America. It was able to generate an additional Php27 million for the PCSO Charity Fund.
It also launched the Small Town Lottery (STL), meant to generate more funds to provide greater help to the local projects. With the use of computers and new technology, the STL also aimed to eradicate jueteng, masiao, and other similar illegal number games that were rampant in the countryside.
In 1995, during the incumbency of then Chairman Manuel Morato, the PCSO launched the very first On-Line lottery in the Philippines, the lotto. It brought a new dimension of fun and excitement for the betting public. In this computerized gaming, initially the Lotto 6/42, the player chooses any set of 6 numbers from 1 to 42 and wins when these numbers are drawn in any sequence during the draw date.
Although the legality of lotto was doubted by certain groups, it became a popular source of hope to the betting public, especially when its legality was ensure by the Supreme Court. Since then, more lottery game forms have been added such as the three-digit (3D), the four -digit (4D), the six-digit (6D), the Mega Lotto 6/45 and the Super Lotto 6/49 draw.
 Other Services
A. PCSO Charity Clinic - gives free medical and dental services to its officials and employees, referrals and walk-ins, including the depressed barangays in Metro Manila to as far as Sorsogon in the South and Isabela in the North.
B. Out-Patient Clinic Department of the PCSO - renders services from Monday to Friday to thousands of indigent patients at the PCSO Head Office at the Quezon Institute Compound in Quezon City. It gives free consultations, minor surgeries, ambulance conduction of patients and emergency care as well as referrals. It also undertakes community outreach projects in Maternal and Child Health and Primary Health Care.
Among its beneficiaries then were the:
- Philippine Tuberculosis Society;
- Hospicio de San Jose;
- Philippine National Red Cross;
- Blood Bank;
- National Mental Hospital;
- Boys' Town in Marikina;
- Missionaries of Charity in Cebu;
- Golden Acres;
- Tala Leprosarium;
- Commission on Family Life in Laoag City;
- Bacolod Boys' Home in Negros Occidental;
- Dominican Missionaries' Stela Maris Nursery;
- Leprosarium in Zamboanga City ;
- Daughter of Mary;
- Mother of the Church in Naga City;
- And, nutrition centers, rural health clinics, government hospitals and many others which total more than 8,000 beneficiaries.