Philippine Association of Academic and Research Librarians

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Philippine Association of Academic and Research Librarians


PAARL logo.jpg
Established 1973
Address Rm. 301, The National Library Building, T.M. Kalaw St., Ermita 1000 Manila, Philippines

Philippine Association of Academic and Research Librarians (PAARL) is an association of academic and research librarians in the Philippines that supports scholarly research and formal education in the tertiary level, and upholds the profession of librarianship in the country. Its principal mission is to articulate the concerns of academic and research librarians and their institutions, and to influence information policy development affecting the future of academic and research libraries. Since 1973, it has provided leadership in the development and growth of library and information services in the country.

PAARL membership is open to all licensed librarians who hold bachelor’s or master’s degree in library/information science or are majors in library/information science from a university, college, or technical school of recognized standing, and currently employed in academic and research libraries. Institutional members are firms, agencies, institutions or organizations maintaining academic or research libraries and interested in supporting the objectives and programs of the Association.

It is governed by an Executive Board consisting of nine DIRECTORS, who are directly elected by the general members every year. Guided by a Council of Elders, composed of five past presidents, the Board defines the policies and regulates the activities of the Association.

The PAARL is affiliated with local and regional professional organizations such as the Philippine Librarians Association, Inc. (PLAI) and the Congress for Southeast Asian Librarians (CONSAL).



PAARL, then known as the Philippine Association of Academic and Research Libraries, was founded through a resolution during the conference of the Philippine Accrediting Association of Schools, Colleges and Universities (PAASCU) held on September 18-19, 1972. The resolution called for “an association of academic libraries be organized as soon as possible, and that a committee of five formed to formulate a constitution and by-laws of the association.”

Spearheaded by Marina Dayrit, University Librarian of the University of the Philippines, together with Fr. Robert Suchan (Ateneo de Manila University), Fr. Paul de Vera (San Beda College), Sister Patricia Alcarez (St. Scholastica’s College), and Sister Arcilla Cabula (St. Joseph’s College), the constitution and by-laws of the association was drafted and ratified by the members on January 10, 1973.

On May 7, 1973, nine members of the association were elected to serve as PAARL's first Board of Directors. These members were Marina G. Dayrit (UP), Fr. Paul de Vera, OSB (SBC), Narcissa Muñasque (DLSU), Fr. Robert Suchan, SJ (ADMU), Sister Patricia Alcarez, OSB (SSC), Ursula G. Picache (UPILS), Angelina R. Tamesis (AIM), Rosa Vallejo (UPILS), and Filomena Mercado-Tann (UP).

The following officers and committee heads were elected during the first meeting of the Board of Directors in August 5, 1973: Marina G. Dayrit (President); Fr. Robert Suchan (Vice-President); Rosa V. Vallejo (Treasurer); Fr. Paul de Vera, OSB (Executive Secretary); Esperanza Sta. Cruz (Membership Committee); Pacifico Austria (Elections Committee); Josefa Manahan (Finance Committee); Fr. Robert Suchan (Programs and Projects Committee); and Myrna Feliciano (Constitution).

It was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission on 16 February 1981 (SEC No. 97479), and on 8 June 2004 (SEC No. 2000406833), it was reincorporated with a change in name from Philippine Association of Academic and Research Libraries to its present name, "Philippine Association of Academic/Research Librarians", together with its New By-Laws, which were adopted on 30 January 2004.


The Philippines Association of Academic/Research Librarians represents the librarians of institutions supporting scholarly research and/or formal education on the collegiate level and above. The Association shall encourage and promote the collection, organization and dissemination of information on research and academic library work; develop the usefulness and efficiency of these types of library service and librarianship; enhance the professional welfare and mutual aide among its members; and cooperate with other organizations of similar aims.

The association deals with these specific objectives:

  • To promote equitable access to and effective use of recorded knowledge in support of teaching, research, scholarship, and community service;
  • To articulate the concerns of academic and research libraries and their institutions, and influence information policy development affecting the future of academic and research libraries;
  • To develop best practices and standards for the improvement of these types of library service and librarianship;
  • To develop a corps of professional librarians and information specialists in academic and research institutions; and;
  • To cooperate with other organizations of similar aims.

Past Presidents of PAARL

  • Marina G. Dayrit 1973-1976
  • Ma. Nena R. Mata 1977-1978
  • Esperanza A. Sta. Cruz 1979-1980
  • Irene D. Amores 1981
  • Rogelio B. Mallillin 1982
  • Corazon M. Nera 1983-1984
  • Theresa B. Cruz 1985
  • Sarah C. de Jesus 1986
  • Salvacion M. Arlante 1987
  • Lolita P. Gonzales 1988
  • Teresita C. Moran 1989
  • Rodolfo Y. Tarlit 1990
  • Celedonia R. Cayaban 1991
  • Erlinda F. Flores 1992
  • Marlo C. Chavez 1993
  • Rebecca M. Jocson 1994
  • Belen M. Vibar 1995
  • Zoraida E. Bartolome 1996
  • Mona Lisa P. Leguiab 1997
  • Loreto M. Serina 1998
  • Veneranda O. Sajorda 1999
  • Fe Angela M. Verzosa 2000
  • Maribeth D. Aguila 2001
  • Teresita G. Hernandez 2002
  • Susan O. Pador 2003
  • Fe Angela M. Verzosa 2004
  • Dionisia M. Angeles 2005
  • Sr.Ignatius Tal Placido, SPC 2006
  • Marietta D. Molina 2007
  • Loreto T. Garcia 2008
  • Elvira B. Lapuz 2009
  • Christopher C. Paras 2010
  • Roderick B. Ramos 2011
  • Sonia M. Gementiza 2012

Projects and Activities


In order to enhance the professional welfare of its members and to promote continuing education for professional librarians, PAARL conducts annual conferences and seminar-workshops. The first was the Seminar-Workshop on Descriptive and Subject Cataloging of Filipiniana Materials, with Mrs. Emelinda de Jesus and Susana Ferrer of the UP Main Library's Technical Services Division as speakers. The success of the first seminar-workshop held in December 1977 was followed by another one in 1981 with Mrs. Pat Nievera, the Ramon Magsaysay Presidential Papers archivist, and Mrs. Yolanda Granada, head of the UP Archives, as resource persons on the seminar-workshop on Archives Administration held at the National Library on November 5-6, 1981. After these initial successes, PAARL institutionalized this program by conducting one such activity every year, and two or three beginning in 1987. A list of these seminars follows:

  • 1977 Descriptive and Subject Cataloging of Filipiniana (UP Main Library, QC)
  • 1981 Archives Administration (TNL, Manila)
  • 1982 AACR-2 Interpretations (St. Paul College, QC)
  • 1983 Project Management (Ateneo de Manila QC)
  • 1984 Library Reclassification from DDC to LC (Maryknoll College, QC)
  • 1985 The Technical Aspects of Nonprint Materials (Thomas Jefferson Library, Makati, MM)
  • 1986 Organization of Nonprint Books/AV Materials (St. Paul College, QC)
  • 1987 Indexing and Abstracting (UP Main Library, QC)
  • 1987 Collection Evaluation & Development /Technical Report Writing (St. Louis University,Baguio City)
  • 1988 Library Updates (UP Visayas, Iloilo City)
  • 1988 Status of ASEAN Academic Libraries (TNL, Manila)
  • 1988 Map Utilization (RM Center, Manila)
  • 1989 Strategies for Computerization of Library Processes (PUP, Manila)
  • 1989 Classification and Cataloging (Batac, Ilocos Norte)
  • 1990 Developing Procedural Manual for the Readers and Technical Services (St. Paul Convent, La Trinidad, Benguet)
  • 1990 Modern Archives Management for Academic and Research Libraries (Ateneo de Manila Loyola Heights, QC)
  • 1991 The National Conference on Library Updates (PUP, Manila)
  • 1992 Managerial Skills for Librarians for Continuing Education (Bicol University, Legaspi City)
  • 1992 Technical Skills for Librarians (PUP, Manila)
  • 1993 Towards a Standardized Procedural Manual in Cataloging of Filipiniana Materials (UST, Manila)
  • 1993 A Manual for Filipiniana Subject Headings (DLS-Lipa, Batangas City)
  • 1994 Library Marketing: Promoting the Library Resources & Services (Palm Plaza Hotel, Manila)
  • 1994 Library Leadership: Vision for the year 2000 (Benguet State University, La Trinidad, Benguet)
  • 1995 Accreditation and Library Standards: Achieving Academic Excellence (On-board SuperFerry 2 bound for Cagayan de Oro City)
  • 1995 Self-empowerment for Total Quality Library Service (Venus ParkView Hotel, Baguio City)
  • 1996 Redefining Academic and Research Librarianship: Transforming the Present, Discovering the Future (Univ. of La Sallette, Santiago City, Isabela)
  • 1996 The Academic and Research Libraries in the Electronic Information Era (Admiral Hotel, Manila)
  • 1997 Preparing Librarians for Global Competitiveness (Venus Parkview Hotel, Baguio City)
  • 1997 The Application of Information Technology in the Technical Services of the Library (University of St. La Salle, Bacolod City)
  • 1998 The Library Frontliners in the Electronic Age (Casa Manila, Intramuros, Manila)
  • 1998 Library Standards: Issues and Updates (Marina Azul Resort, Davao City)
  • 1999 Academic Librarianship in a Transformational Age: Programs and Prospects in Collection Development, Computerization, and Cooperation (Silliman University, Dumaguete City, and at Caleruega Retreat House, Nasugbu, Batangas)
  • 1999 Intellectual Access: New Directions, New Issues (Ateneo de Zamboanga, Zamboanga City)
  • 2000 Summer Conference on CONSAL 2000: Stepping Into the New Millennium (Venus Parkview Hotel, Baguio City)
  • 2000 Back to Basics: New Strategies for Millennium Libraries (Holiday Plaza Hotel, Cebu City)
  • 2001 The Future of Libraries as Agents of Change (Four Seasons Hotel, Iloilo City with side trip to Boracay, Aklan)
  • 2001 International Training on Knowledge Management and Metadata (Angelo King Int’l Center, DLSU-CSB, Manila)
  • 2001 Library Planning: Issues and Concerns (Holiday Inn, Manila)
  • 2002 Promoting Library Skills Enhancement and Core Competencies for the Professionalization of Librarians (Casa Pilar Resort, Boracay, Malay, Aklan)
  • 2002 Information Management in Institutional Libraries: Creating an Active Environment for the Promotion of Culture and the Arts (Saud Hotel Resort, Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte)
  • 2002 International Training on Knowledge Management and Metadata, Part II (Angelo King Int’l Center, DLSU-CSB Manila)
  • 2003 Collection Development in the Digital Age (Corporate Inn, T.M. Kalaw. Manila)
  • 2003 Library Leadership and Staff Excellence: new approaches and alternatives (Venus ParkView Hotel, Baguio City)
  • 2003 The Role of Libraries in the Promotion of Culture and the Arts (Bohol Tropics Hotel, Tagbilaran, Bohol)
  • 2003 Maximizing Library Uses and Managing Users (Traders Hotel and Coconut Palace, Roxas Blvd. Manila)
  • 2004 Role of Libraries and Library Professionals in e-Learning: Issues and Concerns (Isla Parilla Resort, Alabel, Sarangani)
  • 2004 The Support Staff in Today’s Libraries: Keys to Effective Performance-Centered Management (Sabang, Baler, Aurora)
  • 2004 The e-SSential Library: Creating and Sustaining a Leading Edge (Villa Escudero, San Pablo City, Laguna)
  • 2005 Strategic Organization and Management of Archival Programs (St. Paul College of Ilocos Sur, Bantay, I.S.)
  • 2005 Roadmap of the New Generation Library Support Staff: Join in or Be out (Nawawalang Paraiso Resort, Bgy. Camasa, Tayabas, Quezon)
  • 2005 Technical Services in the Changing Library Environment (Island Cove, Kawit, Cavite)
  • 2006 Library and Information Services: New Paradigms for the Digital Age (Mt. St. Paul Retreat House, Pico, La Trinidad, Benguet)
  • 2006 Empowering Information Professionals to Make a Difference (Ateneo de Naga U, Naga City)
  • 2006 First Meeting of Philippine Experts in Cataloging (National Library, Manila)
  • 2007 Emerging Trends in Libraries and Information Services (Covelandia du Labrador, Bo. Tobuan, Labrador, Pangasinan)
  • 2007 The 3rd Generation Library Management: Realities and Challenges (Hotel Sea Breeze, Bacolod City)
  • 2008 Finding the Library’s Place in the 2.0 Environment: providing for interactive, collaborative, and multi-media web-based technologies services and resources (St. Ezekiel Moreno Spirituality Center, San Jose, Puerto Princesa City. Palawan)
  • 2008 Scaling the Heights of Professional Development (Regency Inn, Villa Abrille St., Davao City)
  • 2009 Librarians at Their Best: Envisioning and Realizing Multilevel and Progressive Readers Services (Lyceum of Aparri, Cagayan Valley)
  • 2009 Towards Innovating Technical Services:Viewpoints for Advanced Resources Management (The National Library, Manila)
  • 2009 Seminar on the Power of Convergence: Technology and Connectivity in the 21st century Library and Information Services (St. Paul University-Pasig, Pasig City)
  • 2010 Seminar on Superior Practices and World Widening Services of Philippine Libraries(Dao Diamond Bed & Breakfast Hotel, Km. 3, Dao District, Tagbilaran City, Bohol)
  • 2010 Library and Web 2011 for Readers, Technical, and Archives Services (Holy Angel University, Sto. Rosario St., Angeles City, Pampanga)


In an effort to upgrade libraries in private higher education in the Philippines, the Private Higher Education Sectoral Area of the Bureau of Higher Education made a study of the library resources in the country as of SY 1975-76. A survey was conducted using an eight-page questionnaire addressed to head librarians. The Fund for Assistance to Private Education (FAPE) distributed and retrieved the questionnaires through the assistance of the Bureau of Higher Education. One result of this study was a strong recommendation to implement a Tentative Library Standards for Private Higher Education, which was drafted by the study team and presented to a larger professional group at a national convention of the Philippine Library Association (PLA) on June 3, 1977.

In 1988, PAARL felt that the 1977 Standards needed upgrading to satisfy the current needs of tertiary education, which had undergone several changes. In pursuit of this objective, PAARL created a Standards Committee tasked to formulate the Library Standards for Academic Libraries in the Philippines. Miss Marina Dayrit, PAARL’s founding president, was appointed chairman. Members of this Committee included:

  • Juana L. Abello, UST
  • Sarah C. de Jesus, UE
  • Fr. Paul de Vera, OSB, SBC
  • Perla T. Garcia, DLSU
  • Rogelio Mallillin, ADMU
  • Esperanza A. Sta. Cruz, PWU
  • with Corazon M. Nera, as Recording Secretary

The proposed standards were presented to the general membership in a Seminar-Workshop held at the University of the Philippines-Visayas in Iloilo in October 1988, and again in the seminar-workshop on Map Utilization in the same year. The participants in the Iloilo public hearing were librarians from the Visayas and Mindanao, while those who attended the Manila seminar were librarians mostly coming from Luzon. The final document was submitted to the Department of Education, Culture and Sports and became known as the DECS Library Standards for Tertiary Education. It was issued as Inclosure no. 3 to DECS Bulletin no. 1 s, 1988.

In answer to the growing clamor for a revision of the Library Standards, PAARL conducted a seminar-workshop on Accreditation and Library Standards: Library Achieving Academic Excellence in 1995. This was followed by another seminar on Library Standards: Review & Update held in Davao City in 1998.

A Task Force on Library Standards was formed in 1999 to revise the standards based on the proposals agreed upon during the Davao Conference. Headed by Ms. Loreto M. Seriña of Jose Rizal College, the other Members of the Task Force included:

  • Marlo C. Chavez, SBC
  • Erlinda F. Flores, UST
  • Lolita P. Gonzalez, SSC
  • Teresita G. Hernandez, CEU
  • Veneranda O. Sajorda, UPH-R
  • Fe Angela M. Verzosa, DLSU

The draft was presented in the December 1999 issue of PAARL Newsletter and distributed at the General Assembly, held at De La Salle University, last January 28, 2000. At the Planning Workshop for the new Board for 2000, the incoming President, Ms. Fe Angela M. Verzosa, appointed Ms. Lolita Gonzales to chair the Task Force in place of Mrs. Seriña, who was subsequently appointed to the Board for Librarians. Verzosa also asked the Board to approve her plan to conduct a series of public hearings before the Standards are submitted for final approval, and to incorporate these hearings as part of the Conference Committee’s scheduled forums. Three public hearings on the revised standards were scheduled as forums for the year 2000 in Manila, and one as a workshop to be held in Cebu City.

The first public hearing was held on March 17, 2000 at the University of Sto. Tomas, with Ms. Salvacion M. Arlante (UP), Ms. Belen Vibar (UAP), and Prof. Candida Agcaoili (UST) as panel reactors. Also acting as moderators were Ms. Sajorda (UPH-R) and Ms. Flores (UST).

The second public hearing was held on June 9 at the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, with Dean Ursula Picache (retired UP Dean and PAASCU accreditor), Dean Josephine Sison (UP ILS), and Ms. Perla T. Garcia (DLSU) as panel reactors. Ms. Lolita Gonzales and Ms. Verzosa served as panel moderators.

The third public hearing was held last September 13 on the occasion of the 11th Philippine Book Fair held every year at SM Mega Mall, Ortigas Center, Pasig City. Serving as panel reactors were Ms. Corazon M. Nera (CEU, UE), Ms. Teresita C. Moran (Ateneo Professional Schools), and Ms. Celedonia T. Cayaban (DLSU-College of St. Benilde).

The last public hearing was held in Cebu City during the Seminar on Back to Basics: New Strategies for Millennium Libraries” held at Holiday Plaza Hotel, October 25-27, presided by Ms. Lolita P. Gonzales, with Ms. Corazon M. Nera as resource person.

The 2000 PAARL Library Standard for Academic Libraries was formally presented to the Board for Librarians during the Annual General Assembly on January 26, 2001, and to the CHED Office of Programs and Standards in March 2001 for adoption. In its efforts to improve and further develop Philippine Librarianship, PAARL is currently revising its Standards for Academic Libraries in the hope that it would continue to serve as the accrediting standards for all Philippine academic libraries.

Networking Activities

Aside from participating in library standards development, publishing a quarterly newsletter, and engaging in collaborative research projects such as indexes and union lists, PAARL also conducts yearly training programs, seminar-workshops and forums that would further enhance and sharpen librarianship skills in the Philippines. Among the beneficiaries of its annual outreach programs are prison libraries, children's libraries, and public reading centers.

It is also involved in networking activities among institutional member-libraries in the area of interlending, document-delivery and other resource-sharing projects. In May 2005, PAARL launched, through the initiative of its past president, Fe Angela M. Verzosa, an e-discussion group at the Yahoo Groups site.

It has also created in February 2007 its own Wiki, organized and maintained by its past president (for 2000 and 2004) Fe Angela M. Verzosa. As a Library 2.0 initiative of PAARL, this project was originally intended to be a hybrid book and wiki, presenting links to research articles, case studies, conference papers, lecture presentations, technical and country reports, and profiles on Philippine Librarianship, Libraries in the Philippines, Library Schools in the Philippines, Library Standards for Philippine Libraries, Outstanding Filipino Librarians, Library Organizations in the Philippines, and library-related subjects. This wiki eventually will serve not only as a sourcebook and pathfinder to the rich resources available locally and through the Internet, but also as a tool to enable the Philippine library community to share new information and resources on Philippine Librarianship.


To promote academic and research librarianship, the PAARL confers annual awards and sponsors several scholarship programs such as:

  • Master's Thesis Fellowships
  • Sponsorship Awards to attend Local/International Seminars or Conferences
  • Academic/Research Librarians of the Year Award
  • Academic/Research Library of the Year Award
  • Professional Service Award
  • Lifetime Achievement Award
  • Outstanding Library Program of the Year


The Association's first project was the integration of indexing activities leading to the publication of the "Index to Philippine Periodicals" in January to March, 1974. Aside from integrating indexing activities, PAARL has also published important research tools and books such as:

  • "Index to Philippine Periodicals"
  • "Philippine Union Catalog" (1974)
  • "Philippine Name Headings" (1975)
  • "Union List of Theses, 1975-76 to 1978-79"
  • "Compilation of Theses and Dissertations, 1981-1982" (1988)
  • "Compilation of Theses and Dissertations, 1984-1988" (1991)
  • "Compilation of Graduate Theses, 1983-1984" (1996)
  • "Union List of Serials on Business and Economics"
  • "Union List of Serial Holdings in Education"
  • "Union List of Serial Holdings in Science and Technology"
  • "Union Catalog of Local History Materials on Region 1 (2004)
   * Preface(pdf/10kb)
   * List of Institutions (pdf/10kb)
   * Subject Index (pdf/49kb)
   * Local History - Book Catalogue (pdf/1.3mb)
   * Local History - Periodicals Catalogue (pdf/254 kb)
  • "Filipiniana Books for College Libraries (A Core Collection of Filipiniana Materials for College Libraries in the Social Sciences)" ©2007. This 479-paged bibliographical tool for building Filipinina collection in the social sciences consists of 5000+ citations of significant Filipiniana book titles culled from various sources published on or before 2005. Also available in electronic format in cdrom.

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