Pensionado Act

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The Pensionado Act of 1903 (or Act 854) refers to the law which allowed qualified Filipino students to study in the United States. Passed on 26 August 1903 by Governor General William Howard Taft's government through the Philippine Commission, this act provided funds for such students, called Pensionados, to acquire their college degrees at American schools.

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The Pensionados

Image of early Filipino Pensionados.

During the first decade of the American occupation, most of the pensionados were women from the elite class (the same class who had access to better education in the late Spanish period). However, under the American educational system, educational opportunities in the Philippines became more democratic that many of the later pensionados were promising Filipinos who were not necessarily wealthy.

These students were called Pensionados since they were scholars studying at the expense of the colonial government. They mainly earned degrees in government and administration since the idea of the program was to educate the students the U.S. Government system, so that upon their return in the Philippines, they would administer the government in the same fashion.

Upon completion, the Pensionados go back to the Philippines where they were entitled to occupy important roles and positions in the government and its sectors – agriculture, business, education, etc. By 1912, there were already 209 Filipino students who graduated from American college and academic institutions.

List of the First Filipino Pensionados

Below are first 104 pensionados, majority of them came from the prominent families in their hometown or region. <ref name="test1">"1903 Pensionado List of Students (104)." (accessed on 23 January 2008)</ref>

  1. Timoteo AbayaLaguna
  2. Rafael AcostaPangasinan
  3. Bernardo AganaTarlac
  4. Romarico AgcaoiliIlocos Norte
  5. Andres AguilarCebu
  6. Digno AlbaCapiz
  7. Candido AlcazarIloilo
  8. Orancio Aligada - Masbate
  9. Ramon AlvarezZamboanga
  10. Silverio ApostolZambales
  11. Jose ArboledaAlbay
  12. Juan AvelinoCavite
  13. Apolinario BaltazarManila
  14. Carlos Barretto – Manila
  15. Jose BatungbakalBataan
  16. Mariano BilledoAbra
  17. Jorge Bocobo – Tarlac
  18. Firmo Borja – Laguna
  19. Pablo BuenoNegros Oriental
  20. Jose Burgos – Manila
  21. Jose Cabrera – Cebu
  22. Mariano CarbonellLa Union
  23. Mariano Manas Cruz – Laguna
  24. Jose Maria Chanco – Cebu
  25. Francisco Delgado – Manila
  26. Francisco DonatoCagayan
  27. Gregorio EspinolaSorsogon
  28. Jose EspirituPampanga
  29. Esterio FavisIlocos Sur
  30. Vicente Fernandez – Ilocos Sur
  31. Gabriel Flores – Manila
  32. Vicente Fragante – Ilocos Sur
  33. Silvino GallardoRizal
  34. Arturo Garcia – Manila
  35. Jose Gomez – Manila
  36. Liborio Gomez – Manila
  37. Isaias Gonzaga – Cebu
  38. Jose GonzalesSurigao
  39. Manuel Gonzales – Pangasinan
  40. Potenciano Guazon – Manila
  41. Hipolito Hernando – Ilocos Norte
  42. Marceliano Hidalgo – Pangasinan
  43. Ludovico Hidrosolio – Capiz
  44. Segundo Hipolito – Manila
  45. Esteban Ibalio – Ilocos Norte
  46. Eustacio IlustreBatangas
  47. Delfin Jaranilla – Iloilo
  48. Mariano de Joya – Batangas
  49. Marcial Kasilag – Batangas
  50. Fidel LarracasTayabas
  51. Pacifico Laygo – Batangas
  52. Francisco Llamado – Cavite
  53. Roque Lomibao – Pangasinan
  54. Carlos Lopez – Iloilo
  55. Saturnino LopezNueva Ecija
  56. Vicente Manalo – Cavite]]
  57. Gregorio Manuel - Cebu
  58. Cenon Monasterial – Nueva Ecija
  59. Mariano MondonedoIsabela
  60. Rafael Montenegro – Negros Oriental
  61. Ciriaco Morada – Batangas
  62. Jose Muñoz – Pangasinan
  63. Pablo Nacion – Albay
  64. Ramon Nakpil – Manila
  65. Domingo NatividadAntique
  66. Leon Nava – Iloilo
  67. Antonio Nera – La Union
  68. Miguel Nicdao – Pampanga
  69. Jose Nieva – Manila
  70. Ramon Ochoa – Manila
  71. Florentino OliverCamarines
  72. Lorenzo Onrubia – Cavite
  73. Balbino Palmares – Iloilo
  74. Gregorio Paredes – Cavite
  75. Ildefonso Patdu – Manila
  76. Ernesto Quirino – La Union
  77. Emilio Quisumbing – Manila
  78. Eduardo RamirezBohol
  79. Gregorio RamirezBulacan
  80. Joaquin Ramos – Tarlac
  81. Justo Ramos – Bulacan
  82. Francisco Reyes – Manila
  83. Jose Reyna – Ilocos Sur
  84. Jose Rivera – Laguna
  85. Mateo Roco – Manila
  86. Ignacio Rosario – Manila
  87. Pelagio Ruiz – Ilocos Norte
  88. Domingo San Jose – Camarines
  89. Alejandro Santos – Manila
  90. Jose Sanvictores – Pampanga
  91. Aresenio Formoso Sebastian – Ilocos Sur
  92. Pedro Serrano – Sorsogon
  93. Andres SevillaLeyte
  94. Antonio Sison – Manila
  95. Benito Sunga – Bulacan
  96. Alfonso Tuason – Manila
  97. Hilario Valderas – Tayabas
  98. Jose Valdes – Manila
  99. Felix Valencia – Iloilo
  100. Vicente VarelaNegros Occidental
  101. Natalio Velez – Negros Occidental
  102. Martin de Veyra – Manila
  103. Emilio Villanueva – Negros Occidental
  104. Francisco Ycasiano - Manila


References

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Citation

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