Patricio G. Mariano (17 March 1877-28 January 1935) is a Filipino writer, poet, journalist and translator. He wrote several Tagalog novels, including Ang Mga Anak ng Dalita (The Children of Indigence) and Ang Tala sa Panghulo (The Star of Panghulo), which is included in Filipiniana.net's list of the 100 best Tagalog novels. He is most noted for producing the best Tagalog translation of Jose Rizal's Noli Me Tangere.
Early life and education
Patricio Mariano was born in Santa Cruz, Manila, on 17 March 1877 to Patrinilo Mariano and Dionisia Geronimo. As a child, Mariano showed a fondness for music and painting.
He attended high school at the Ateneo Municipal and San Juan de Letran. Afterwards, Mariano took up bookkeeping at the Escuela de Artes y Oficios, and graduated from Liceo de Manila with a Bachelor of Arts degree.
Jose Dizon, an officer in the Katipunan, became Mariano's supervisor when he was working in a typography and stereography shop. Mariano joined the 1896 revolution toward the end of the fighting.
Mariano served under Ambrosio Rianzares Bautists who was President Aguinaldo's adviser. With his printing experience, Mariano worked for the government's printing press Imprenta de Malolos in Barasoain, Malolos, Bulacan. He was also a writer for El Heraldo de la Revolucion and Ang Kaibigan ng Bayan.
After the revolution, Mariano continued working as a journalist and writing plays.
Mariano was later diagnosed with a tumor in his neck. He died on 28 January 1935, just two months before his 58th birthday.
Mariano wrote for the newspapers Los Obreros, Ang Paggawa, Katwiran, Lunas ng Bayan, El Renacimiento Filipino, La Vanguardia, and Taliba. He also produced plays, novels, short stories, operettas and Tagalog zarzuelas. Most of his work expressed the political and social issues of his time.
The Zorilla Theater staged his play Sampaguita in 1901. Its success was followed by Mariano's other dramas, Anak ng Dagat and Ang Pakakak (premiered on 7 July 1913 at the Manila Grand Opera House).
Mariano became a prominent figure in the Philippine literary scene as he was approached by groups like Union de Artistas, Union de Impresores, Buklod na Ginto, Aklatang Bayan and Lupong Tagapagpalaganap ng Akademya ng Wikang Tagalog.
He also wrote Ang Silanganan (The East) which was performed on 30 December 1904 at the Rizal Theater in Tondo, Manila, most probably in commemoration of Jose Rizal's 10th death anniversary.
Mariano also wrote Tagalog translations for various works such as the operas Lucia de Lammermoor and La Triviata, as well as Rizal's novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo.
- “Patricio G. Mariano.” Pambansang Suriang Pangkasaysayan. http://www.nhi.gov.ph//index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=560&Itemid=3 (June 16, 2010).
- “Obra maestra ni Patricio Mariano.” Answers.com. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Obra_maestra_ni_patricio_mariano (June 16, 2010).
- “Patricio Mariano.” Wikipedia: The free encyclopedia. http://tl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patricio_Mariano (June 16, 2010).