Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program

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The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is a program by the Department of Social Welfare and Development that aims to reduce poverty by providing qualified families conditional cash grants. The program is currently covering 255 municipalities and 15 key cities in 45 provinces, serving 700,000 households.

Partner agencies include the Department of Health, the Department of Education, the Department of the Interior and Local Government, the National Anti-Poverty Commission and Landbank.

Contents

Eligibility

Families must fulfill the following conditions to be eligible for the program:

  • Residing in one of the poorest municipalities based on the 2003 Small Area Estimates of the Philippine National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB)
  • Are living below or equal the provincial poverty threshold
  • Have a pregnant woman or children 14 years old and below
  • Be able to meet the conditions specified in the program, namely:
  1. Pregnant women must avail pre-and post-natal care and be attended during childbirth by a health professional
  2. Parents must attend responsible parenthood, parent effectiveness and mother's classes.
  3. Children below 5 years old must receive regular preventive health check-ups and vaccines
  4. Children from 3-5 years old must have an attendance rate of 85% or higher in preschool or day care classes
  5. Children from 6-14 years old must enroll, and have an attendance rate of 85% or higher in elementary and/or high school classes
  6. Children 6-14 years old must receive deworming pills twice a year.

Cash Grants

The cash grants awarded by the program are as follows: P500 per month (for a total of P6,000 a year) per household for health and nutrition expenses P300 a month per child for educational expenses, or P3000 for one 10-month school year. Only a maximum of 3 children per household are allowed to receive stipends; a total of P1,200 a month for a household with 3 children.

Cash grants shall be awarded through a Land Bank cash card. If payments through cash cards are not feasible, other methods such as over-the-counter transactions or offsite payments through Landbank are available. These grants shall be received by the supposed most responsible family member, usually the mother.

Institutionalization

Since the program is slated to run only for 5 years, legislation has been proposed to formally institutionalize the program. One such bill is Senate Bill No. 3412 or the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program Act of 2009, authored by Sen. Miriam Defensor-Santiago. The bill aims to institutionalize the program by formally making it the National Conditional Fund Transfer Program.

Controversy

The program, however, has been just criticized as a massive dole-out program by newspaper columnist Amado Doronila. The increase in the program's funding, announced in August 2009, was also seen as a cover-up in light of the Le Cirque controversy by Bayan Partylist. There was also the issue of the program not reaching some provinces, as complained by Tawi-Tawi Rep. Nur Jaafar. DSWD Secretary Esperanza Cabral defends the program against this allegations by saying that the 4Ps program was actually modeled after other conditional cash transfer programs of countries like Brazil and Mexico. According to Cabral, the Brazilian program took 10 years for the government to see concrete long-term effects.

References


Citation

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