Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process
Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP) is the lead agency charged with the task of managing and supervising the comprehensive peace process in continuance of the work initiated by the National Unification Commission (NUC).
The Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process (OPAPP) was created by virtue of Executive Order (EO) No.125, signed on September 15, 1993 by former President Fidel V. Ramos. On February 28, 2001, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo issued EO No. 3 defining the government policy framework for peace including the systematic approach and administrative structure for carrying out the comprehensive peace process. The same EO integrated the operations of the two special projects under the Office of the President, namely: the National Peace for Unification and Development Council (NPUD) and the National Peace Forum (NPF); and established two Government Negotiating Panels (GPNP) for different rebels group.
The Arroyo Admnistration's peace process agenda maintains the principles and components of the comprehensive agenda defined by the National Unification Commission (NUC) during the administration of then President Ramos. In its report to the President in 1993, the NUC, under then Chairperson Haydee Yorac and after conducting consultations in 71 provinces to determine from the people themselves and their communities how a just and lasting peace in the country ought to be pursued, proposed a comprehensive peace process agenda anchored on three principles and six components.
Six Paths to Peace
1. PURSUIT OF SOCIAL, ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL REFORMS. This component involves the vigorous implementation of various policies, reforms, programs and projects aimed at addressing the root causes of internal armed conflicts and social unrest. This may require administrative action, new legislation, or even constitutional amendments.
2. CONSENSUS-BUILDING AND EMPOWERMENT FOR PEACE. This component includes continuing consultations on both national and local levels to build consensus for a peace agenda and process, and the mobilization and facilitation of people's participation in the peace process.
3. PEACEFUL, NEGOTIATED SETTLEMENT WITH THE DIFFERENT REBEL GROUPS. This component involves the conduct of face-to-face negotiations to reach peaceful settlement implementation of peace agreements.
4. PROGRAMS FOR RECONCILIATION, REINTEGRATION INTO MAINSTREAM SOCIETY AND REHABILITATION. This component includes programs to address the legal status and security of former rebels, as well as community-based assistance programs to address the economic, social and psychological rehabilitation needs of former rebels, demobilized combatants and civilian victims of the internal armed conflicts.
5. ADDRESSING CONCERNS ARISING FROM CONTINUING ARMED HOSTILITIES. This component involves the strict implementation of laws and policy guidelines, and the institution of programs to ensure the protection of non-combatants and reduce the impact of the armed conflict on communities found in conflict areas.
6. BUILDING AND NURTURING A CLIMATE CONDUCIVE TO PEACE. This component includes peace advocacy and peace education programs and the implementation of various confidence-building measures.
Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process Secretary Jesus G. Dureza performs his duty by highlighting various peace and development efforts undertaken by the Government of the Philippines to implement the 1996 Peace Agreement between the Philippine Government and Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF). He is also currently embarking series of regional fora in the regions of Mindanao to inform the constituency on the status of the comprehensive peace process and generate inputs for its furtherance in the interest of national peace, security and development and in support to the program of the national government in promoting peace throughout the country. He also attended some media gatherings, which aims are to orient journalists on overall principles and strategies adopted by the Philippine Government and other sectors in pursuing peace while seeking to clarify current and emerging policy issues affecting the peace process and their implications on media reporting. It also aims to define the role of mass media as a major stakeholder in conflict revention and peace building and seeks to revisit policy options and guidelines on media coverage of the peace process from past forums.
- "OPAPP." http://opapp.gov.ph/About/OPAPP.htm (accessed on July 20, 2007).
- "OPAPP." http://pia.gov.ph/?m=12&fi=p061130.htm&no=38 (accessed on July 20, 2007).