Negros Navigation

From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
{{#if:negros-navigation.jpg {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if:Ferry & Freight Services | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if:http://www.negrosnavigation.ph | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | | colspan="2" class="note" | {{{footnotes}}} }}
Negros Navigation Co., Inc.
colspan="2" style="text-align:center; padding:16px 0 16px 0;" | negros-navigation.jpg }}
Type Shipping & Cargo

{{#if: |

{{{genre}}} }}
Founded 1932

{{#if: |

Founder | {{{founder}}} }}
Headquarters {{#if:Pier 2 Manila North Harbor, Tondo, Manila | Pier 2 Manila North Harbor, Tondo, Manila}}{{#if:Philippines |, Philippines}} {{#if: | {{{location}}}}}
# of Locations
{{{locations}}}
Key people
{{{key_people}}}
Area served
{{{area_served}}}
Ferry & Freight Services
{{{services}}}
{{{operating_income}}}
yes|Profit|Net income}} {{{net_income}}}
{{{parent}}}
Divisions
{{{divisions}}}
{{{subsid}}}
{{{owner}}}
{{{slogan}}}
http://www.negrosnavigation.ph
Dissolved
{{{dissolved}}}

Negros Navigation Co., Inc. (Nenaco) is one of the oldest domestic shipping companies in the Philippines. It is also one of the largest companies in the passenger transport business in the Philippines.<ref>{{

  1. if: {{#if: http://dirp4.pids.gov.ph/ris/rps/pidsrp0302.pdf | {{#if: Philippine Domestic Shipping Transport Industry: State of Competition and Market Structure |1}}}}
 ||Error on call to Template:cite web: Parameters url and title must be specified

}}{{

  1. if:
 | {{#if: {{#if: | {{#if:  |1}}}}
   ||Error on call to template:cite web: Parameters archiveurl and archivedate must be both specified or both omitted

}} }}{{#if: Austria

 | {{#if: 
   | [[{{{authorlink}}}|{{#if: Austria
     | Austria{{#if: Myrna S. | , Myrna S. }}
     | {{{author}}}
   }}]]
   | {{#if: Austria
     | Austria{{#if: Myrna S. | , Myrna S. }}
     | {{{author}}}
   }}
 }}

}}{{#if: Austria

 | {{#if: | ; {{{coauthors}}} }}

}}{{#if: Austria|

   {{#if: 
   |  ({{{date}}})
   | {{#if: 2003
     | {{#if: 
       |  ({{{month}}} 2003)
       |  (2003)
     }}
   }}
 |}}

}}{{#if: Austria

 | . }}{{
 #if: 
 |  {{{editor}}}: 

}}{{#if:

   | {{#if:  | {{#if: Philippine Domestic Shipping Transport Industry: State of Competition and Market Structure | [{{{archiveurl}}} Philippine Domestic Shipping Transport Industry: State of Competition and Market Structure] }}}}
   | {{#if: http://dirp4.pids.gov.ph/ris/rps/pidsrp0302.pdf | {{#if: Philippine Domestic Shipping Transport Industry: State of Competition and Market Structure | Philippine Domestic Shipping Transport Industry: State of Competition and Market Structure }}}}

}}{{#if: | ({{{language}}}) }}{{#if:

 |  ()

}}{{#if:

 | . {{{work}}}

}}{{#if: 38

 |  38

}}{{#if: PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES

 | . PHILIPPINE INSTITUTE FOR DEVELOPMENT STUDIES{{#if: Austria
   | 
   | {{#if: 2003 || }}
 }}

}}{{#if: Austria

 ||{{#if: 
   |  ({{{date}}})
   | {{#if: 2003
     | {{#if: 
       |  ({{{month}}} 2003)
       |  (2003)
     }}
   }}
 }}

}}.{{#if:

 |  Archived from the original on [[{{{archivedate}}}]].

}}{{#if:

 |  DOI:{{{doi}}}.

}}{{#if: June 6, 2008

 |  Retrieved on June 6, 2008{{#if:  | , [[{{{accessyear}}}]] }}.

}}{{#if:

 |  Retrieved on {{{accessmonthday}}}, {{{accessyear}}}.

}}{{#if:

 |  Retrieved on {{{accessdaymonth}}} {{{accessyear}}}.

}}{{#if:

 |  “{{{quote}}}”

}}</ref> Its main hub is Pier 2 in Manila North Harbor.

It was organized and registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) on July 26, 1932 for the purpose of transporting passengers and cargoes at various ports of call in the Philippines.

In the 60’s Nenaco was the first among the domestic shipping companies to operate brand new, fast and luxurious air conditioned passenger ships. In 70’s , it was first to construct and operate a modern passenger terminal in Manila’s North Harbor and likewise pioneered in offering special cruises to the Philippine tourist spots using its coastwise vessels. In the 80’s , Nenaco launched its containerization program and ushered a new industry trend on the use of Roll-on Roll-off (“RORO”) vessels. It also deploys various shuttle buses in Baclaran, Cubao and Alabang which takes passengers to the pier terminal.<ref>{{

  1. if:
 | {{#if: {{#if: | {{#if:  |1}}}}
   ||Error on call to template:cite news: Parameters archiveurl and archivedate must be both specified or both omitted 

}} }}{{#if: Nenaco aims to become logistics partner for SMEs

 |{{#if: Lopez
   | {{#if: 
     | [[{{{authorlink}}}|{{#if: Lopez
       | Lopez{{#if: Edu | , Edu }}
       | {{{author}}}
     }}]]
     | {{#if: Lopez
       | Lopez{{#if: Edu | , Edu }}
       | {{{author}}}
     }}
   }}
 }}{{#if: Lopez
   | {{#if:  | , {{{coauthors}}} }}. 
 }}{{#if: |“|"
 }}{{#if: 
   | [{{{archiveurl}}} Nenaco aims to become logistics partner for SMEs] 
   | {{#if: http://www.mb.com.ph/issues/2007/08/06/BSNS2007080699611.html 
     | Nenaco aims to become logistics partner for SMEs 
     | Nenaco aims to become logistics partner for SMEs
   }}
 }}{{#if: |”|"}}{{#if:  |  ({{{format}}}) 
   }}{{#if: 
   | , {{{work}}}}}{{#if: Manila Bulletin
   | , Manila Bulletin
 }}{{#if: August 6, 2007
   | , August 6, 2007
 }}{{#if: 
   | , pp. {{{pages}}}
   |{{#if: 
     | , p. {{{page}}}
   }}
 }}{{#if:  
   | . {{{id}}}
 }}{{#if: June 6, 2008  
 | . Retrieved on June 6, 2008
 }}.{{#if: 
 |  (in )
 }}{{#if: 
 |  Archived from the original on [[{{{archivedate}}}]].
 }}{{ #if: 
   |  “{{{quote}}}”
 }}|Template error: argument title is required.}}  Template:Dead link</ref>

In the 90’s, it became the first Philippine shipping company to be listed in the stock exchange. Proceeds amounting to P916.86 million from Initial Public Offering (IPO) were utilized to support the “Globalization Program” of the company that involved fleet expansion and service modernization.

Contents

Destinations

Negros Navigation serves the following destinations (as of August 2009):

Vessels

Negros Navigation operates the following vessels (as of 2008):

  • Cargo
    • M/V San Agustin Uno
    • M/V San Rafael Uno
    • M/V San Rafael Dos
  • Future
    • M/V St. Michael the Archangel
  • Former
    • Don Claudio
    • Connie II
    • Santa Ana
    • Mary, Queen of Peace
    • Princess of Negros
    • San Paolo
    • St. Francis of Assisi
    • Don Julio
    • Don Juan
    • Don Vicente
    • San Lorenzo Ruiz
    • Santa Florentina
    • Santa Maria
    • Nossa Senhora de Fatima
    • San Sebastian
    • St. Ezekiel Moreno

Incidents

On April 1980, M/V Don Juan bound for Bacolod City sank 20 {{#ifeq:{{{abbr}}}|on|{{#switch:|on=[[{{#switch:nmi |AU= astronomical unit|AU |ft= foot (unit of length)|ft |yd= yard|yd |in= inch|in |mm= millimetre|mm |cm= centimetre|cm |m=metre|m |km= kilometre|km |mi= mile|mi |nmi= nautical mile|nmi |acre= acre |ha= hectare|ha |sqft= square foot|ft² |sqyd= square yard|yd² |sqm= square metre|m² |sqkm= square kilometre|km² |sqmi= square mile|mi² |sqnmi=square nautical mile|nmi² |ft:s= feet per second|ft/s |mi:h= miles per hour|mi/h |knot= knot (speed)|kt |m:s= metre per second|m/s |km:h= kilometres per hour|km/h |°C= Celsius|°C |°F= Fahrenheit|°F |K=Kelvin|K |°R= Rankine|°R }}]]|={{#switch:nmi |AU= AU |ft= ft |yd= yd |in= in |mm= mm |cm= cm |m=m |km= km |mi= mi |nmi= nmi |acre= acre |ha= ha |sqft= ft² |sqyd= yd² |sqm= m² |sqkm= km² |sqmi= mi² |sqnmi=nmi² |ft:s= ft/s |mi:h= mi/h |knot= kt |m:s= m/s |km:h= km/h |°C= °C |°F= °F |K=K |°R= °R }}}} | {{#switch:|on=[[{{#switch:nmi |AU= astronomical unit|{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||astronomical units}}}} |ft= foot (unit of length)|{{#ifeq:20|1|foot|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|foot|feet}}}} |yd= yard|{{#ifeq:20|1|yard|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|yard|yards}}}} |in= inch{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||inches}}}} |mm= {{#switch:|us=millimeter|=millimetre}}{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||{{#switch:|us=millimeters|=millimetres}}}}}} |cm= {{#switch:|us=centimeter|=centimetre}}{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||{{#switch:|us=centimeters|=centimetres}}}}}} |m={{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}}{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||{{#switch:|us=meters|=metres}}}}}} |km= {{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}}{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||{{#switch:|us=kilometers|=kilometres}}}}}} |mi= mile{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||miles}}}} |nmi= nautical mile{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||nautical miles}}}} |acre= acre{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||acres}}}} |ha= hectare{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||hectares}}}} |sqft= square foot|square {{#ifeq:20|1|foot|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|foot|feet}}}} |sqyd= square yard|square {{#ifeq:20|1|yard|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|yard|yards}}}} |sqm= square {{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}}{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||square {{#switch:|us=meters|=metres}}}}}} |sqkm= square {{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}}{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||square {{#switch:|us=kilometers|=kilometres}}}}}} |sqmi= square mile{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||square miles}}}} |sqnmi=square nautical mile{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||square nautical miles}}}} |ft:s= feet per second{{#ifeq:20|1||foot per second|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||foot per second}}}} |mi:h= miles per hour{{#ifeq:20|1||mile per hour|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||mile per hour}}}} |knot= knot (speed)|{{#ifeq:20|1|knot|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|knot|knots}}}} |m:s= {{#switch:|us=meters|=metres}} per second{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}} per second|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||{{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}} per second}}}} |km:h= {{#switch:|us=kilometers|=kilometres}} per hour{{#ifeq:20|1||{{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}} per hour|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|||{{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}} per hour}}}} |°C= Celsius|°C |°F= Fahrenheit|°F |K=Kelvin|K |°R= Rankine|°R }}]]|={{#switch:nmi |AU= {{#ifeq:20|1|astronomical unit|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|astronomical unit|astronomical units}}}} |ft= {{#ifeq:20|1|foot|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|foot|feet}}}} |yd= {{#ifeq:20|1|yard|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|yard|yards}}}} |in= {{#ifeq:20|1|inch|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|inch|inches}}}} |mm= {{#ifeq:20|1|{{#switch:|us=millimeter|=millimetre}}|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|{{#switch:|us=millimeter|=millimetre}}|{{#switch:|us=millimeters|=millimetres}}}}}} |cm= {{#ifeq:20|1|{{#switch:|us=centimeter|=centimetre}}|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|{{#switch:|us=centimeter|=centimetre}}|{{#switch:|us=centimeters|=centimetres}}}}}} |m={{#ifeq:20|1|{{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}}|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|{{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}}|{{#switch:|us=meters|=metres}}}}}} |km= {{#ifeq:20|1|{{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}}|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|{{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}}|{{#switch:|us=kilometers|=kilometres}}}}}} |mi= {{#ifeq:20|1|mile|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|mile|miles}}}} |nmi= {{#ifeq:20|1|nautical mile|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|nautical mile|nautical miles}}}} |acre= {{#ifeq:20|1|acre|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|acre|acres}}}} |ha= {{#ifeq:20|1|hectare|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|hectare|hectares}}}} |sqft= {{#ifeq:20|1|square foot|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|square foot|square feet}}}} |sqyd= {{#ifeq:20|1|square yard|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|square yard|square yards}}}} |sqm= {{#ifeq:20|1|square {{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}}|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|square {{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}}|square {{#switch:|us=meters|=metres}}}}}} |sqkm= {{#ifeq:20|1|square {{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}}|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|square {{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}}|square {{#switch:|us=kilometers|=kilometres}}}}}} |sqmi= {{#ifeq:20|1|square mile|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|square mile|square miles}}}} |sqnmi={{#ifeq:20|1|square nautical mile|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|square nautical mile|square nautical miles}}}} |ft:s= {{#ifeq:20|1|foot per second|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|foot per second|feet per second}}}} |mi:h= {{#ifeq:20|1|mile per hour|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|mile per hour|miles per hour}}}} |knot= {{#ifeq:20|1|knot|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|knot|knots}}}} |m:s= {{#ifeq:20|1|{{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}} per second|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|{{#switch:|us=meter|=metre}} per second|{{#switch:|us=meters|=metres}} per second}}}} |km:h= {{#ifeq:20|1|{{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}} per hour|{{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|{{#switch:|us=kilometer|=kilometre}} per hour|{{#switch:|us=kilometers|=kilometres}} per hour}}}} |°C= °C |°F= °F |K=K |°R= °R }}}}}} ({{ #expr: 20 * {{ #switch: nmi |AU = {{#switch:km |ft=490,807,087,000 |yd=163,602,362,333 |in=5,889,685,044,000 |mm=149,598,000,000,000 |cm=14,959,800,000,000 |m=149,598,000,000 |km=149,598,000 |mi=92,955,887.6 |nmi=80,776,457.9 }} |ft = {{#switch:km |AU=0.00000000000203746039 |yd=0.33333333333333333333 |in=12 |mm=304.8 |cm=30.48 |m=0.3048 |km=0.0003048 |mi=0.000189393939 |nmi=0.000164578834 }} |yd = {{#switch:km |AU=0.00000000000611238117 |ft=3 |in=36 |mm=914.4 |cm=91.44 |m=0.9144 |km=0.0009144 |mi=0.00056818181818 |nmi=0.000493736502 }} |in = {{#switch:km |AU=0.000000000000169788366 |ft=0.0833333333 |yd=0.0277777778 |mm=25.4 |cm=2.54 |m=0.0254 |km=0.0000254 |mi=0.0000157828283 |nmi=0.0000137149028 }} |mm = {{#switch:km |AU=0.00000000000000668458134 |ft=0.0032808399 |yd=0.0010936133 |in=0.0393700787 |cm=0.1 |m=0.001 |km=0.000001 |mi=0.000000621371192 |nmi=0.000000539956803 }} |cm = {{#switch:km |AU=0.0000000000000668458134 |ft=0.032808399 |yd=0.010936133 |in=0.393700787 |mm=10 |m=0.01 |km=0.00001 |mi=0.00000621371192 |nmi=0.00000539956803 }} |m = {{#switch:km |AU=0.00000000000668458134 |ft=3.2808399 |yd=1.0936133 |in=39.3700787 |mm=1,000 |cm=100 |km=0.001 |mi=0.000621371192 |nmi=0.000539956803 }} |km = {{#switch:km |AU=0.00000000668458134 |ft=3,280.8399 |yd=1,093.613298 |in=39,370.0787 |mm=1,000,000 |cm=100,000 |m=1,000 |mi=0.621371192 |nmi=0.539956803 }} |mi = {{#switch:km |AU=0.0000000107577909 |ft=5,280 |yd=1,760 |in=63,360 |mm=1,609,344 |cm=160,934.4 |m=1,609.344 |km=1.609344 |nmi=0.868976242 }} |nmi = {{#switch:km |AU=0.0000000123798447 |ft=6,076.1155 |yd=2,025.3718 |in=72,913.3858 |mi=1.15077945 |mm=1,852,000 |cm=185,200 |m=1,852 |km=1.852 }} |acre = {{#switch:km |ha=0.404685642 |sqft=43,560 |sqyd=4,840 |sqm=4,046.85642 |sqkm=0.00404685642 |sqmi=0.0015625 |sqnmi=0.00117987455 }} |ha = {{#switch:km |acre=2.47105381 |sqft=107,639.104 |sqyd=11,959.90046 |sqm=10,000 |sqkm=0.01 |sqmi=0.00386102159 |sqnmi=0.0029155335 }} |sqft = {{#switch:km |acre=0.0000229568411 |ha=0.00009290304 |sqm=0.09290304 |sqkm=0.00000009290304 |sqmi=0.0000000358700643 |sqyd=0.1111111111111111 |sqnmi=0.0000000270861925 }} |sqyd = {{#switch:km |acre=0.0002066115699 |ha=0.00083612736 |sqm=0.83612736 |sqkm=0.00000083612736 |sqmi=0.00000032283058 |sqft=9 |sqnmi=0.0000002437757325 }} |sqm = {{#switch:km |acre=0.000247105381 |ha=0.0001 |sqft=10.7639104 |sqyd=1.195990046 |sqkm=0.000001 |sqmi=0.000000386102159 |sqnmi=0.00000029155335 }} |sqkm = {{#switch:km |acre=247.105381 |ha=100 |sqft=10,763,910.4 |sqyd=1,195,990.046 |sqm=1,000,000 |sqmi=0.386102159 |sqnmi=0.29155335 }} |sqmi = {{#switch:km |acre=640 |ha=258.998811 |sqft=27,878,400 |sqyd=3,097,600 |sqm=2,589,988.11 |sqkm=2.58998811 |sqnmi=0.755119709 }} |sqnmi= {{#switch:km |acre=847.547736 |ha=342.9904 |sqft=36,919,179.4 |sqyd=4,102,131.04 |sqm=3,429,904 |sqkm=3.429904 |sqmi=1.32429334 }} |ft:s= {{#switch:km |knot=0.592483801 |m:s=0.3048 |km:h=1.09728 |mi:h=0.681818182 }} |mi:h= {{#switch:km |ft:s=1.46666667 |knot=0.868976242 |m:s=0.44704 |km:h=1.609344 }} |knot= {{#switch:km |m:s=0.514444444 |km:h=1.85200 |ft:s=1.68780986 |mi:h=1.15077945 }} |m:s= {{#switch:km |knot=1.94384449 |km:h=3.6 |ft:s=3.2808399 |mi:h=2.23693629 }} |km:h= {{#switch:km |knot=0.539956803 |m:s=0.277777778 |ft:s=0.911344415 |mi:h=0.621371192 }} |°C = {{#switch:km |°F=1.8 |K=1 |°R=1.8 }} |°F = {{#switch:km |°C=1/(1.8) |K=1/(1.8) |°R=1 }} |K = {{#switch:km |°C=1 |°F=1.8 |°R=1.8 }} |°R = {{#switch:km |°C=1/(1.8) |°F=1 |K=1/(1.8) }} }} {{#switch:nmi |°C = {{#switch:km |°F= + 32 |K= + 273.15 |°R= + 491.67 }} |°F = {{#switch:km |°C= - (32/1.8) |K= + (459.67/1.8) |°R= + 459.67 }} |K = {{#switch:km |°C= - 273.15 |°F= - 459.67 }} |°R = {{#switch:km |°C= - 273.15 |°F= - 459.67 }} }} {{#if: | round {{{4}}} }}}} {{#switch:|on=[[{{#switch:km |AU= astronomical unit|AU |ft= foot (unit of length)|ft |yd= yard|yd |in= inch|in |mm= millimetre|mm |cm= centimetre|cm |m=metre|m |km= kilometre|km |mi= mile|mi |nmi= nautical mile|nmi |acre= acre |ha= hectare|ha |sqft= square foot|ft² |sqyd= square yard|yd² |sqm= square metre|m² |sqkm= square kilometre|km² |sqmi= square mile|mi² |sqnmi=square nautical mile|nmi² |ft:s= feet per second|ft/s |mi:h= miles per hour|mi/h |knot= knot (speed)|kt |m:s= metre per second|m/s |km:h= kilometres per hour|km/h |°C= Celsius|°C |°F= Fahrenheit|°F |K=Kelvin|K |°R= Rankine|°R }}]]|={{#switch:km |AU= AU |ft= ft |yd= yd |in= in |mm= mm |cm= cm |m=m |km= km |mi= mi |nmi= nmi |acre= {{#ifeq:{{{sing}}}|on|acre|acres}} |ha= ha |sqft= ft² |sqyd= yd² |sqm= m² |sqkm= km² |sqmi= mi² |sqnmi=nmi² |ft:s= ft/s |mi:h= mi/h |knot= kt |m:s= m/s |km:h= km/h |°C= °C |°F= °F |K=K |°R= °R }}}}) off Maestre de Campo Island, Oriental Mindoro after colliding with the oil tanker M/T Tacloban City. Reported casualties were 18 dead and 115 missing, with 745 survivors.<ref>{{

 #if: 

|{{

 #if: 
 |[[ |{{{inventor}}}{{
    #if: 
    |, 
  }}]]
 |{{{inventor}}}{{
    #if: 
    |, 
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |; 
    | & 
  }}{{
    #if: 
    |[[ | ]]
    | 
  }}{{
    #if: 
    | & {{
       #if: 
       |[[ | ]]
       | 
     }}{{
       #if:
       | et al.
     }}
  }}

}}{{

#if: Floating coffins
|, "Floating coffins"

}}, {{#if: http://v3.espacenet.com/textdoc?DB=EPODOC&IDX={{{country-code}}}{{{patent-number}}}

 | [http://v3.espacenet.com/textdoc?DB=EPODOC&IDX={{{country-code}}}{{{patent-number}}} {{{country-code}}}{{
       #if: 
       | 
     }} {{{patent-number}}}] 
 | {{{country-code}}}{{
       #if: 
       | 
     }} {{{patent-number}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, published 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, issued 

}}

|{{#if: |}}{{

 #if:Robert Reyes
 |{{
    #if: 
    |[[ |Robert Reyes{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}]]
    |Robert Reyes{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 
    |{{
       #if: 
       |; 
       | & 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |[[ | ]]
       | 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       | & {{
          #if: 
          |[[ | ]]
          | 
        }}{{
          #if:
          | et al.
        }}
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: September 10, 2008
    | (September 10, 2008)
  }}
 |{{
    #if: 
    |{{
       #if: 
       |[[ |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}]]
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |; 
          | & 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          |[[ | ]]
          | 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          | & {{
             #if: 
             |[[ | ]]
             | 
           }}{{
             #if:
             | et al.
           }}
        }}
     }}, ed{{#if:|s}}.{{
       #if: September 10, 2008
       | (September 10, 2008)
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, {{#if: {{
          #if: 
          |
          |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
        }} 
 | [{{
          #if: 
          |
          |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
        }} {{
          #if: 
          |'
          |""
        }}] 
 | {{
          #if: 
          |'
          |""
        }} 

}} }}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, at 
    |{{
       #ifeq:  | 
       |
       |{{
          #if: Robert Reyes
          |, at 
          |{{
             #if: 
             |, at 
             |{{
                #if 
                |, at 
              }}
           }}
        }}
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: Robert Reyes
    |, {{
       #if: 
       |in 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |[[ |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}]]
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |; 
          | & 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          |[[ | ]]
          | 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          | & {{
             #if: 
             |[[ | ]]
             | 
           }}{{
             #if:
             | et al.
           }}
        }}
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |
       |, ed{{#if:|s}}.
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: Robert Reyes
    |, 
    |{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: Floating coffins
    |"{{#if: {{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
              }}
             |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
           }} 
 | [{{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
              }}
             |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
           }} Floating coffins] 
 | Floating coffins 

}}",

  }}'{{
    #ifeq:  | 
    |
    |{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: Philippine Online Chronicals
          | (: Philippine Online Chronicals)
          | ()
        }}
       |{{
          #if: Philippine Online Chronicals
          | (Philippine Online Chronicals)
        }}
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 
    | '{{
       #if: 
       | ()
     }}
    |{{
       #if: 
       | (no. )
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 
    |:  
  }}
 |{{
    #if: Floating coffins
    |{{
       #if: Robert Reyes
       |, 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
          |{{
             #if: 
             |, 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |, 
              }}
           }}
        }}
     }}{{#if: {{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
              }}
             |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
           }} 
 | [{{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
              }}
             |http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
           }} Floating coffins] 
 | Floating coffins 

}}{{

       #if: 
       |, vol. 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       | ( ed.)
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}{{
       #if: Philippine Online Chronicals
       |{{
          #if: 
          |:
          |,
        }} Philippine Online Chronicals
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: Robert Reyes
 |
 |{{
    #if: 
    |
    |{{
       #if: September 10, 2008
       |, September 10, 2008
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #ifeq:  | September 10, 2008
    |
    |{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: Robert Reyes
          |, 
          | (published )
        }}
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
          | (published )
        }}
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, ISBN 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, ISSN [1]

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, OCLC [2]

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, DOI:[3]

}}{{

 #if: 
 |
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, at 
  }}

}}{{

 #if: http://www.thepoc.net/index.php/Parokya-Sa-Web/Inspi-rasyon/Floating-coffins.html
 |{{
    #if:
    |. Retrieved on 
  }}

}}{{#if:|}} }} Template:Dead link.</ref><ref>{{

 #if: 

|{{

 #if: 
 |[[ |{{{inventor}}}{{
    #if: 
    |, 
  }}]]
 |{{{inventor}}}{{
    #if: 
    |, 
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |; 
    | & 
  }}{{
    #if: 
    |[[ | ]]
    | 
  }}{{
    #if: 
    | & {{
       #if: 
       |[[ | ]]
       | 
     }}{{
       #if:
       | et al.
     }}
  }}

}}{{

#if: Major marine mishaps in the Philippines
|, "Major marine mishaps in the Philippines"

}}, {{#if: http://v3.espacenet.com/textdoc?DB=EPODOC&IDX={{{country-code}}}{{{patent-number}}}

 | [http://v3.espacenet.com/textdoc?DB=EPODOC&IDX={{{country-code}}}{{{patent-number}}} {{{country-code}}}{{
       #if: 
       | 
     }} {{{patent-number}}}] 
 | {{{country-code}}}{{
       #if: 
       | 
     }} {{{patent-number}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, published 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, issued 

}}

|{{#if: |}}{{

 #if:
 |{{
    #if: 
    |[[ |{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}]]
    |{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 
    |{{
       #if: 
       |; 
       | & 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |[[ | ]]
       | 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       | & {{
          #if: 
          |[[ | ]]
          | 
        }}{{
          #if:
          | et al.
        }}
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: June 23, 2008
    | (June 23, 2008)
  }}
 |{{
    #if: 
    |{{
       #if: 
       |[[ |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}]]
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |; 
          | & 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          |[[ | ]]
          | 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          | & {{
             #if: 
             |[[ | ]]
             | 
           }}{{
             #if:
             | et al.
           }}
        }}
     }}, ed{{#if:|s}}.{{
       #if: June 23, 2008
       | (June 23, 2008)
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, {{#if: {{
          #if: 
          |
          |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
        }} 
 | [{{
          #if: 
          |
          |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
        }} {{
          #if: 
          |'
          |""
        }}] 
 | {{
          #if: 
          |'
          |""
        }} 

}} }}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, at 
    |{{
       #ifeq:  | 
       |
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, at 
          |{{
             #if: 
             |, at 
             |{{
                #if 
                |, at 
              }}
           }}
        }}
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, {{
       #if: 
       |in 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |[[ |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}]]
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |; 
          | & 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          |[[ | ]]
          | 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          | & {{
             #if: 
             |[[ | ]]
             | 
           }}{{
             #if:
             | et al.
           }}
        }}
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |
       |, ed{{#if:|s}}.
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, 
    |{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: Major marine mishaps in the Philippines
    |"{{#if: {{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
              }}
             |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
           }} 
 | [{{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
              }}
             |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
           }} Major marine mishaps in the Philippines] 
 | Major marine mishaps in the Philippines 

}}",

  }}'{{
    #ifeq:  | 
    |
    |{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: GMA News
          | (: GMA News)
          | ()
        }}
       |{{
          #if: GMA News
          | (GMA News)
        }}
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 
    | '{{
       #if: 
       | ()
     }}
    |{{
       #if: 
       | (no. )
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 
    |:  
  }}
 |{{
    #if: Major marine mishaps in the Philippines
    |{{
       #if: 
       |, 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
          |{{
             #if: 
             |, 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |, 
              }}
           }}
        }}
     }}{{#if: {{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
              }}
             |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
           }} 
 | [{{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
              }}
             |http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
           }} Major marine mishaps in the Philippines] 
 | Major marine mishaps in the Philippines 

}}{{

       #if: 
       |, vol. 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       | ( ed.)
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}{{
       #if: GMA News
       |{{
          #if: 
          |:
          |,
        }} GMA News
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |
 |{{
    #if: 
    |
    |{{
       #if: June 23, 2008
       |, June 23, 2008
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #ifeq:  | June 23, 2008
    |
    |{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
          | (published )
        }}
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
          | (published )
        }}
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, ISBN 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, ISSN [4]

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, OCLC [5]

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, DOI:[6]

}}{{

 #if: 
 |
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, at 
  }}

}}{{

 #if: http://www.gmanews.tv/story/102803/Major-marine-mishaps-in-the-Philippines
 |{{
    #if:
    |. Retrieved on 
  }}

}}{{#if:|}} }}.</ref><ref>{{

 #if: 

|{{

 #if: 
 |[[ |{{{inventor}}}{{
    #if: 
    |, 
  }}]]
 |{{{inventor}}}{{
    #if: 
    |, 
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |; 
    | & 
  }}{{
    #if: 
    |[[ | ]]
    | 
  }}{{
    #if: 
    | & {{
       #if: 
       |[[ | ]]
       | 
     }}{{
       #if:
       | et al.
     }}
  }}

}}{{

#if: Sea Tragadies
|, "Sea Tragadies"

}}, {{#if: http://v3.espacenet.com/textdoc?DB=EPODOC&IDX={{{country-code}}}{{{patent-number}}}

 | [http://v3.espacenet.com/textdoc?DB=EPODOC&IDX={{{country-code}}}{{{patent-number}}} {{{country-code}}}{{
       #if: 
       | 
     }} {{{patent-number}}}] 
 | {{{country-code}}}{{
       #if: 
       | 
     }} {{{patent-number}}} 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, published 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, issued 

}}

|{{#if: |}}{{

 #if:
 |{{
    #if: 
    |[[ |{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}]]
    |{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 
    |{{
       #if: 
       |; 
       | & 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |[[ | ]]
       | 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       | & {{
          #if: 
          |[[ | ]]
          | 
        }}{{
          #if:
          | et al.
        }}
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 2003
    | (2003)
  }}
 |{{
    #if: 
    |{{
       #if: 
       |[[ |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}]]
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |; 
          | & 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          |[[ | ]]
          | 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          | & {{
             #if: 
             |[[ | ]]
             | 
           }}{{
             #if:
             | et al.
           }}
        }}
     }}, ed{{#if:|s}}.{{
       #if: 2003
       | (2003)
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, {{#if: {{
          #if: 
          |
          |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
        }} 
 | [{{
          #if: 
          |
          |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
        }} {{
          #if: 
          |'
          |""
        }}] 
 | {{
          #if: 
          |'
          |""
        }} 

}} }}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, at 
    |{{
       #ifeq:  | 
       |
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, at 
          |{{
             #if: 
             |, at 
             |{{
                #if 
                |, at 
              }}
           }}
        }}
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, {{
       #if: 
       |in 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |[[ |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}]]
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
        }}
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |; 
          | & 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          |[[ | ]]
          | 
        }}{{
          #if: 
          | & {{
             #if: 
             |[[ | ]]
             | 
           }}{{
             #if:
             | et al.
           }}
        }}
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |
       |, ed{{#if:|s}}.
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, 
    |{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: Sea Tragadies
    |"{{#if: {{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
              }}
             |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
           }} 
 | [{{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
              }}
             |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
           }} Sea Tragadies] 
 | Sea Tragadies 

}}",

  }}'{{
    #ifeq:  | 
    |
    |{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: Tinig ng Marino
          | (: Tinig ng Marino)
          | ()
        }}
       |{{
          #if: Tinig ng Marino
          | (Tinig ng Marino)
        }}
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 
    | '{{
       #if: 
       | ()
     }}
    |{{
       #if: 
       | (no. )
     }}
  }}{{
    #if: 
    |:  
  }}
 |{{
    #if: Sea Tragadies
    |{{
       #if: 
       |, 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
          |{{
             #if: 
             |, 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |, 
              }}
           }}
        }}
     }}{{#if: {{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
              }}
             |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
           }} 
 | [{{
             #if: 
             |{{
                #if: 
                |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
              }}
             |http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
           }} Sea Tragadies] 
 | Sea Tragadies 

}}{{

       #if: 
       |, vol. 
     }}{{
       #if: 
       | ( ed.)
     }}{{
       #if: 
       |, 
     }}{{
       #if: Tinig ng Marino
       |{{
          #if: 
          |:
          |,
        }} Tinig ng Marino
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |
 |{{
    #if: 
    |
    |{{
       #if: 2003
       |, 2003
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |{{
    #ifeq:  | 2003
    |
    |{{
       #if: 
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
          | (published )
        }}
       |{{
          #if: 
          |, 
          | (published )
        }}
     }}
  }}

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, ISBN 

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, ISSN [7]

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, OCLC [8]

}}{{

 #if: 
 |, DOI:[9]

}}{{

 #if: 
 |
 |{{
    #if: 
    |, at 
  }}

}}{{

 #if: http://www.ufs.ph/tinig/julaug03/07080301.html
 |{{
    #if:
    |. Retrieved on 
  }}

}}{{#if:|}} }}.</ref> Bold text

See also

References

<references />

External links