National Police Commission
The National Police Commission, or NAPOLCOM, is the agency mandated by the 1987 Constitution and Republic Act No. 6975 amended by Republic Act No. 8551 to administer and control the Philippine National Police. Under R.A. No. 8551, otherwise known as the "PNP Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998", the Commission regained the powers to investigate police anomalies and irregularities, administer police entrance examinations, as well as the power to summarily dismiss erring police officers.
In 1966, Congress enacted Republic Act 4864 otherwise known as the Police Act of 1966 to provide the foundation for the much needed police reforms in the country. It created the POLICE COMMISSION (Polcom) “to achieve and attain a higher degree of efficiency in the organization, administration and operation of local police agencies; and to place the local police service on a professional level.”
Since 1966, the Commission had undergone changes in its organizational structure. It was reorganized in 1972 as the National Police Commission (Napolcom). Originally under the Office of the President, it was transferred to the Ministry of National Defense in 1975 by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 765, known as the "Police Integration Law." This Decree also established the Integrated National Police (INP) with the Philippine Constabulary (PC) as the nucleus. Ten (10) years later in 1985, it was returned to the Office of the President pursuant to Executive Order No. 1040. In 1989, Executive Order No. 379 placed the INP directly under the command, supervision and control of the President.
The same executive order vested the National Police Commission with the powers of administrative control and supervision over the INP. With the passage of Republic Act No. 6975 on December 13, 1990, the Philippine National Police (PNP) was established under a reorganized Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG). A new National Police Commission was created within the DILG “ for the purpose of effectively discharging the functions prescribe in the Constitution and provided in the Act.”
On February 25, 1998, Congress passed into law Republic Act No. 8551 known as the "Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998" amending RA 6975. This Act strengthened and expanded the Commission’s authority over the PNP to include administration of police entrance examination, conduct of pre-charge investigation against police anomalies and irregularities and summary dismissal of erring police members.
Powers and Functions
The Napolcom exercises the following powers and functions:
A. Exercise administrative control and operational supervision over the Philippine National Police (PNP) which shall mean the power to:
- Develop policies and promulgate a police manual prescribing rules and regulations for efficient organization, administration, and operation, including criteria for manpower allocation distribution and deployment, recruitment, selection, promotion, and retirement of personnel and the conduct of qualifying entrance and promotional examinations for uniformed members;
- Examine and audit, and thereafter establish standards for such purposes on a continuing basis, the performance, activities, and facilities of all police agencies throughout the country;
- Establish a system of uniform crime reporting;
- Conduct an annual self-report surveys and compile statistical data for accurate assessment of the crime situation and the proper evaluation of the efficiency and effectiveness of all police units in the country.
- Approve or modify plans and programs on education and training, logistical requirements, communications, records, information systems, crime laboratory, crime prevention and crime reporting;
- Affirm, reverse or modify, through the National Appellate Board, personnel administrative actions involving the demotion or dismissal from the service imposed upon members of the Philippine National Police by the Chief of the Philippine National Police;
- Exercise appellate jurisdiction through the Regional Appellate Boards, over administrative cases against policemen and over decisions on claims for police benefits;
- Prescribe minimum standards for arms, equipment, and uniforms and, after consultation with the Philippine Heraldry Commission, for insignia of ranks, awards, medals of honor;
- Issue subpoena and subpoena duces tecum in matters pertaining to the discharge of its own powers and duties, and designate who among its personnel can issue processes and administer oaths in connection therewith;
- Inspect and assess the compliance of the PNP on the established criteria for manpower allocation, distribution and deployment and their impact on the community and the crime situation, and thereafter formulate appropriate guidelines for maximization of resources and effective utilization of the PNP personnel;
- Monitor the performance of the local chief executives as deputies of the Commission; and
- Monitor and investigate police anomalies and irregularities.
B) Advise the President on all matters involving police functions and administration;
C) Render to the President and to Congress an annual report of its activities and accomplishments during the thirty (30) days after the end of the calendar year, which shall include an appraisal of the conditions obtaining in the organization and administration of police agencies in the municipalities, cities and provinces throughout the country, and recommendations for appropriate remedial legislations;
D) Recommend to the President, through the Secretary, within sixty (60) days before the commencement of each calendar year, a crime prevention program; and
E) Perform such other functions necessary to carry out the provisions of R.A. 6975, as amended, other existing laws and Presidential issuances, and as the President may direct.
The NAPOLCOM, as a collegial body, is composed of an ex-officio chairperson, four (4) regular Commissioners, and the Chief, PNP as ex-officio member, one of whom is designated by the President as the vice-chairperson. The DILG Secretary is the ex-officio chairperson, while the vice-chairperson is the executive officer of the Commission.
The ex-officio chairperson and four (4) Commissioners constitute the Commission Proper which serves as the governing body thereof.
- Planning and Research Service (PRS) provides technical services to the Commission in areas of overall policy formulation, strategic and operational planning, management systems or procedures, evaluation and monitoring of the Commission’s programs, projects and internal operations; and conducts thorough research and analysis on social and economic condition affecting peace and order in the country.
- Legal Affairs Service (LAS) provides the Commission with efficient and effective service as legal counsel of the Commission; draft or studies contracts affecting the Commission and submit appropriate recommendations pertaining thereto; and render legal opinions arising from the administration and operation of the Philippine National Police and the Commission.
- Crime Prevention and Coordination Service (CPCS) undertakes criminological researches and studies; formulates a national crime prevention plan; develop a crime prevention and information program; and provide editorial direction for all criminology research and crime prevention publications.
- Personnel and Administrative Service (PAS) performs personnel functions for the Commission; administers the entrance and promotional examinations for policemen, provides the necessary services relating to records, correspondence, supplies, property and equipment, security and general services, and the maintenance and utilization of facilities; provides services relating to manpower, career planning and development, personnel transactions and employee welfare.
- Inspection, Monitoring and Investigation Service (IMIS) conducts continuous inspection and management audit of personnel, facilities and operations at all levels of command of the PNP; monitors the implementation of the Commission’s programs and projects relative to law enforcement; and monitors and investigates police anomalies and irregularities.
- Installations and Logistics Service (ILS) reviews the Commission’s plans and programs and formulates policies and procedures regarding acquisition, inventory, control, distribution, maintenance and disposal of supplies and oversees the implementation of programs on transportation facilities and installations and the procurement and maintenance of supplies and equipment.
- Financial Service (FS) provides the Commission with staff advice and assistance on budgetary and financial matters, including the overseeing of the processing and disbursement of funds pertaining to the scholarship program and surviving children of deceased and/or permanently incapacitated PNP personnel.
Disciplinary Appellate Board
The Commission has a formal administrative disciplinary appellate machinery consisting of the National Appellate Board (NAB), and the Regional Appellate Boards (RABs). The following are the specific functions of the Appellate Boards:
- National Appellate Board decides cases on appeal from decisions rendered by the Director General of the Philippine National Police (PNP), where the penalty imposed is demotion in rank or dismissal from service.
- Regional Appellate Boards decides or resolves with finality all cases on appeal from decisions of the PLEBs and PNP Regional Directors when the penalty is forced resignation, demotion in rank or dismissal and those of Mayors in cases falling within their respective jurisdictions, and to decide appeals from decisions of the Regional Directors on claims for police benefits.
Taking heed of the government's call towards the decentralization and devolution of powers and authority from the national to the local level with the end in view of improving its service delivery to the people, Napolcom established 16 Regional Offices which are strategically located in the different regional divisions of the country.
These offices implement the policies and programs of Napolcom in their respective regions. They, likewise, perform the functions of investigation and adjudication of death and permanent and temporary disability benefit claims, and scholarship grants, subject to standards set by the Commission.
They, through the office of legal counsels, act as legal consultants of the PLEBs and provide, whenever necessary, legal services, assistance and advice to the PLEBs in hearing and deciding cases against officers and members of the PNP, especially those involving difficult questions of the law.
- Official Website of the National Police Commission. Accessed on 6 February 2008.
- National Police Commission
- Full text of Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998. Accessed on 6 February 2008.
- NAPOLCOM Vision/Mission/Powers. In The Official Government Portal of the Republic of the Philippines.
- National Police Commission. Accessed on 22 February 2008.