National Artists of the Philippines

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Insignia of the Order of National Artists

National Artist of the Philippines is the highest national honor that can be conferred on a Filipino who has made a significant contribution to the development of Philippine arts, including the fields of Music, Dance, Theater, Visual Arts, Literature, Film, Broadcast Arts, Fashion Design and Architecture, and Allied Arts. Each awardee is given the title of National Artist (Gawad Pambansang Alagad ng Sining in Filipino) in his or her field, by virtue of a Presidential Proclamation and conferred membership in the Order of National Artists (Orden ng Pambansang Alagad ng Sining).

The award is presented approximately every three years. The Order of National Artists is jointly administered by the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA) and the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) and conferred by the President of the Philippines. The Cultural Center of the Philippines then hosts a Memorabilia Exhibit and Gabi ng Parangal (A Night of Tributes) in honor of the newly-proclaimed National Artists at the Tanghalang Pambansa. The awardees are presented with a medallion of honor and a citation during the conferment ceremonies. They also receive a cash award (a hundred thousand pesos for living awardees and seventy-five thousand for the heirs of posthumous awardees), a pension, and the privilege of a state funeral at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.


Contents

Background

The National Artist Award (Gawad Pambansang Alagad ng Sining) was established under Proclamation No. 1001 on 27 April 1972. The first award was conferred posthumously on Fernando Amorsolo. The responsibility of administering the National Artist Awards was conferred on the CCP on June 7,1973. The NCCA, upon its establishment in 1992, was commissioned to join forces with the CCP in administering the award. In 2003, the National Artist Award was declared a Cultural Order, to be called the Order of National Artists (Orden ng mga Pambansang Alagad ng Sining). Equal to it in rank are the Order of National Scientists and the Gawad sa Manlilikha ng Bayan (GAMABA).


Criteria

The following criteria are considered in the selection of artists who are eligible for the award.

  • The artist must have been a Filipino citizen for at least ten years at the time of nomination or, if deceased (since the establishment of the awards), was a Filipino citizen at the time of death;
  • The content or form of the artist's works must have contributed in building a Filipino sense of nationhoods;
  • The artist was a pioneer in his or her field, with a particular unique style, and proved influential on latter generations of artists;
  • The artist must have a rich body of works and/or been consistently outstanding in the practice of his or her art form, constantly honing artistic expression and style; and
  • The artist must have achieved wide acceptance and distinction in the field, as seen by any of the following: the artist's prestigious national and/or international recognition and awards, critical acclaim and/or reviews of their works, and respect and esteem from peers within an artistic discipline.


Selection Process

Nominations may be submitted by educational or cultural institutions as well as private foundations and councils to the National Artist Secretariat, who will prepare the initial list of nominees along with experts from the different art fields. A second deliberation panel, composed of experts other than those from the first committee, 2 per field, makes its recommendations to the NCCA and the CCP, who make the final selection. Finally, the list is presented to the President of the Philippines who confirms and proclaims the final nominees as members of the Order of National Artists.


List of National Artists

Architecture/Landscape Architecture


Film/Cinema

Dance

Fashion Design


Historical Literature

Literature

Music

Theater and Film

Visual Arts

External links

Citation

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