National Academy of Science and Technology
The National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST) is an agency under the supervision of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST), created by the virtue of Presidential Decree 1003 on December 17, 1976, mandated to recognize outstanding achievements in science and technology and to serve as a reservoir of competent scientific and technological manpower for the country.
The Academy was the brainchild of several scientists from the University of the Philippines, Diliman. Among the notable individuals are: Dr. Joventino D. Soriano, a cytogeneticist; Dr. Gregorio T. Velasquez, a phycologist; his wife, Dr. Carmen C. Velasquez, a parasitologist; Dr. Edgardo D. Gomez, a marine biologist; and Dr. Edito G. Garcia, a public health specialist.
It was to Dr. Soriano the task of the preparation of the proposal of the Science Academy was assigned. This said proposal was submitted in May of 1976, to Dr. Melecio Magno, who fully endorsed the plan for a government-funded academy of science.
In 1976, the Presidential Decree 1003 was signed by the late President Ferdinand Marcos, creating the National Academy of Science and Technology.
In 1982, through Executive Order 818, the Academy was also formally charged with the function of advisory body to the President of the Republic of the Philippines and the Cabinet on policies concerning science and technology in the country.
- To recognize outstanding achievements in science and technology as well as provide meaningful incentives to those engaged in scientific and technological researches (P.D. 1003-A).
- To advise the President and the Cabinet on matters related to science and technology (Executive Order No. 818).
- To engage in projects and programs designed to recognize outstanding achievements in science and to promote scientific productivity (Executive Order No. 818).
- To embark on programs traditionally and internationally expected of an academy of science (Executive Order No. 818)
Organization and Membership
The National Academy of Science and Technology is composed of members called Academicians. The membership which does not exceed seventy five (75) at any one time is the policy making body of the Academy.
An Academician belongs to one of the following divisions of the Academy:
- Agricultural Sciences
- Biological Sciences
- Chemical, Mathematical and Physical Sciences
- Engineering Sciences and Technology
- Health Sciences
- Social Sciences
A president, vice-president, and secretary are elected by the general membership from members of the Executive Council for the duration of their membership in the Executive Council. An Executive Director heads the NAST Secretariat which implements the decisions of the Executive Council, and attends to the day-to-day affairs of the Academy.
The Academy is an attached agency of the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) and serves as an advisory agency to the Department.
- National Academy of Science and Technology (2006). Directory: National Scientists and other Academicians. The National Academy of Science and Technology Philippines: Taguig City, Philippines.