NCAA (Philippines)

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The new NCAA logo introduced in the 2004-05 season; the five colored bands represent the five colors used by the member schools.

The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is an athletics association of eight colleges and universities in the Philippines. Established in 1924, the NCAA is the oldest athletic association in the country. The Philippine NCAA is not connected to the NCAA of the United States.

The Policy Board and the Management Committee handle the affairs of the league. The Board and the Committee are composed of representatives of the eight member schools, and determine the acceptance and suspension of member schools, game reversals and replays, and other official actions. During the nearly year-long season from June to March, each school participates in 11 sports. Each sport is conducted in two divisions: the Juniors for male high-school students, and the Seniors for college students. There are male and female Seniors divisions for some events. The Juniors and Seniors divisions each award a General Championship trophy at the end of the academic year to the school which had the best performance in all sports, based on the total amount of points scored in a Championship tally.

With basketball as the principal sport, rivalries have developed between schools. These rivalries have led to withdrawal from the league of some members, as some games escalated into full-blown brawls. The NCAA took measures to prevent major brawls, such as the segregation of arenas into supporters of different schools. With the withdrawal of members schools came the admission of new members into the league. As of Season 82, the league is contemplating an expansion into Division II athletics.

Contents

Member schools

The number and composition of NCAA members has changed over the years. The association is currently composed of the following colleges and universities, with their corresponding team mascots, affiliation, and year of admission.

Team logo School Seniors' Juniors Affiliation Year joined
Men Women
Letran sm.jpg Colegio de San Juan de Letran Knights Lady Knights Squires Private/Dominican 1928¹, 1936
Blazers sm.jpg De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde Blazers Lady Blazers (see juniors section, below} Private/Lasallian 1998
40px José Rizal University Heavy Bombers (no women's teams) Light Bombers Private/Non-sectarian 1927
Cardinals sm.jpg Mapúa Institute of Technology Cardinals (no women's teams) (no juniors' teams) Private/Non-sectarian 1930
Dolphins sm.jpg Philippine Christian University Dolphins Lady Dolphins (see juniors section, below} Private/Methodist-Church of Christ 1996
Redlions sm.jpg San Beda College Red Lions (no women's teams)³ Red Cubs Private/Benedictine 1924², 1986
Stags sm.jpg San Sebastian College - Recoletos Stags Lady Stags Staglets Private/Augustinian Recollect 1969
Uphr sm.jpg University of Perpetual Help System DALTA Altas Lady Altas Altalettes Private/Non-sectarian 1984
Juniors' affiliate high schools
Blazers sm.jpg La Salle Green Hills (see seniors' section, above) Greenies Private/Lasallian 1998
Dolphins sm.jpg Philippine Christian University Union High School Baby Dolphins Private/Methodist-Church of Christ 1996

Notes:
¹ Withdrew 1933, rejoined 1936.
² Withdrew 1983, rejoined 1986.
³ The women's teams participate in the Women's National Collegiate Athletic Association, a separate league.

Structure and hosting

[[Image:Ncaa_sm.gif|thumb|right|200px|The old NCAA logo. The eight circles are the logos of the eight member schools. The "NCAA" logo is the same as that used by the American NCAA. The Policy Board, composed of the presidents of member schools, manages the NCAA's external and internal affairs. It handles matters such as acceptance, replacement, and suspension of member schools. The NCAA presidency rotates among member schools. The president for the 2006-07 season was Brother Edmundo Fernandez of De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde.

The other main administrative body in the NCAA is the Management Committee (MANCOM), which determines matters of athletic concern, such as determining the proper conditions for playing, suspension of players, coaches, and referees, reversal or review of game results, and investigation of ineligible players. The Management Committee is composed of the athletics moderators (or athletic directors) of the member schools, who are selected by their respective university presidents, and the league chairperson, who is selected by the Policy Board. Like the league president, the chair of the Management Committee rotates among member schools. The chairperson of the Management Committee for the 2006-07 season was Bernardo Atienza of Saint Benilde.

The president of the Policy Board and the chairperson of the Management committee come from the school currently hosting the basketball tournament. The rotation is determined by the order of when each school joined the league. For the 2006–07 season, the host will be Saint Benilde, while José Rizal University will host the 2007–08 season. José Rizal University representatives, for the meantime, would be the vice-president of the Policy Board and the vice chairperson of the Management Committee.

The host school manages the logistics, expenses, labor and security in the venues. Each sport has its own host, with the host for basketball being the head of all hosts.

Sports

The NCAA sponsors eleven sports, which are divided into two divisions: the Juniors division for high school students and the Seniors division for college students. There are male and female Seniors divisions for some events.

Each member college or university has an affiliated high school that competes in the Juniors division. For example, San Beda College's affiliated high school is its campus at Taytay, Rizal, while Letran College's high school is found within its college campus at Intramuros. While these two high schools are integrated within their colleges, De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde is not directly connected with its high school affiliate, La Salle Greenhills (LSGH), except that they are both administered by the Lasallian Brothers. As a result, LSGH puts "St. Benilde" instead of "La Salle" on their jerseys.

The NCAA sponsors the following sports for Juniors and Seniors: basketball, chess, swimming, football, taekwondo, tennis, and track and field. Volleyball, table tennis, and beach volleyball are hosted on the Juniors and Seniors level as well as on both a men's and women's level. Cheerleading is a demonstrational event and is not used in the tabulating of each school's final score and determination of the season's General Champion.

The General Champion for the each division in an academic year is determined by a points system similar to the one used in Formula One, where the school with the highest accumulated score from all events in a division wins the General Championship. A championship in an event entitles a school with 30 points, the second placer 20, up to eighth place, with one point. For an example, see the tabulation of points for Season 81.

History

Early years

The NCAA was founded in 1924 on the initiative of Dr. Regino R. Ylanan, a physical education professor of the University of the Philippines (UP). The original members were the Ateneo de Manila, De La Salle College, Institute of Accounts, National University (NU), San Beda College, the University of Manila, the University of the Philippines, and the University of Santo Tomas (UST).<ref name="official_site">About NCAA NCAA Philippines Official Website. March 28, 2006</ref>

During the NCAA's first 11 years, several schools entered and left, as set out in the table.

Year Joined Withdrew
1925 St. Vincent de Paul St. Vincent de Paul (joined only for one season)
1926 - University of Manila
1927 José Rizal College -
1928 Colegio de San Juan de Letran -
1929 Far Eastern University (from the merger of the Institute of Accounts and Far Eastern College) National University
1930 Mapúa Institute of Technology -
1932 - Far Eastern University, University of the Philippines, University of Santo Tomas
1933 - Colegio de San Juan de Letran
1936 Colegio de San Juan de Letran (returning member) -

The decision of the Board of Directors to file papers of incorporation with the then Bureau of Commerce in 1930 led to protests from the University of the Philippines, which was the only public institution among member schools, saying that it would lead to commercialization. National University and the University of Santo Tomas sided with the University of the Philippines on the matter. This led to the formation, via an Article of Agreement, of a triangular meet between NU, UP and UST, with the Board of Control's condition that NCAA events should take precedence. The league established came to be known as the "Big Three," and on 1932, the Article of Agreement was renewed. <ref name="uaap"> UAAP History UAAP Official Website. March 28, 2006</ref>

In 1936, the University of the Philippines and University of Santo Tomas withdrew permanently from the NCAA and continued with their own league, while Far Eastern University (FEU) withdrew on its own. Six schools remained in the league and became known as the "old-timer six" -- Ateneo de Manila, Colegio de San Juan de Letran, De La Salle College, José Rizal College, Mapúa Institute of Technology and San Beda College. Also in 1936, league games were transferred to the newly-completed Rizal Memorial Coliseum because of its accessibility among the schools, given that most schools were in Manila.

In 1938, Far Eastern University, National University, the University of the Philippines and the University of Santo Tomas formed the University Athletics Association of the Philippines, a rival intercollegiate league.<ref name="uaap"/>

The NCAA experienced a golden age during the postwar years. The Loyola Center at the Ateneo campus became the new home of the league. Due to the home court advantage of the Ateneo, Blue Eagles games were held at the old Rizal Memorial.<ref name="official_site"/>

1960s to 1980s

NCAA basketball champions formed the core of the Filipino team sent to international competitions during 1960 and 1961 in Japan. The opening of the Araneta Coliseum, the largest indoor arena in the Philippines, prompted the league to transfer the championship round there.<ref name="official_site"/>

By the 1960s, the league experienced problems such as eligibility of players and interscholastic hooliganism. This led to disagreements among member schools, and as a result the 1962-63 season was suspended, and the succeeding two seasons were held in a loose conference format, where the home and away system was used. San Sebastian College - Recoletos joined the league in 1969. <ref name="bedan">NCAA: An Endless Saga The Bedan. June 2005 issue.</ref>

Year Joined Withdrew
1969 San Sebastian College - Recoletos -
1978 - Ateneo de Manila University
1980 - Colegio de San Juan de Letran (Suspended)
1981 Colegio de San Juan de Letran (Readmitted) De La Salle University
1983 - San Beda College

After the riotous games of the late 1970s, several of the founding members left the league. The Ateneo left the league in 1978 due to violence, which also marred a championship series with San Beda<ref> 1975: Year of the Eagle Team Ateneo.com. March 28, 2006</ref>, while La Salle left after a riotous game with Letran in 1980. Ateneo was accepted into the UAAP in 1978, while La Salle had to wait for six years to become a UAAP member. San Beda left the league in 1983 with the explanation that the college would focus on school-based sports activities like intramurals.<ref name="bedan"> NCAA: An Endless Saga The Bedan. June 2005 issue</ref>

With the withdrawal of the Ateneo, league games returned to the old Rizal Memorial and to the PhilSports Arena, since the Loyola Center was now the location of the UAAP tournament. Also with the withdrawal of the three founding members, most daily publications tagged the NCAA as having taken "an ironic journey from sports to violence."<ref name="bedan"/>

League today

As the league was reduced to four members, membership was actively pursued. Perpetual Help College of Rizal was accepted as a member in 1984.<ref>NCAA: Proud and True at 82 University of Perpetual Help System DALTA official website. July 9, 2006</ref> A year later, Trinity College of Quezon City became a full member.<ref>About Trinity College of Quezon City Trinity College of Quezon City official website. July 9, 2006</ref>. However, Trinity was not able to meet league requirements and was dropped from the league in 1986, the same year San Beda returned.<ref name="official_site"/>

Measures were taken to prevent major brawls from starting, such as patrolling of the crowd by the respective faculties of the member schools, were implemented as part of the remedy to ensure security during the NCAA games.<ref name="bedan"/>

The addition of Philippine Christian University and De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde in the late 1990s resulted in the current lineup of members the NCAA now has.<ref name="official_site"/>

Year Joined Withdrew
1984 Perpetual Help College of Rizal -
1985 Trinity College of Quezon City (full member) -
1986 San Beda College (returning member) Trinity College of Quezon City
1996 Philippine Christian University -
1998 De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde -
2005 - Mapúa High School (Jrs. only)

A major breakthrough occurred when the league, upon the initiative of host school San Beda, made a move that switched the television coverage of NCAA games from MCI group to ABS-CBN on March 18, 2002. Previously, only the Final Four and the Championship games were televised, but with the five-year contract inked with ABS-CBN, a majority of the basketball games would be aired, giving the league bigger exposure to fans, students and alumni.<ref name="bedan"/> ABS-CBN would later air the games on its international affiliate, The Filipino Channel, making the games viewable to alumni and fans abroad.<ref>PCTV Pinoy Central TV Channel TFC Direct. May 2, 2006</ref>

Future expansion

The NCAA has set its plan of expansion. Division II, as it will be called, will be composed of newly admitted schools. The league has already visited and issued invitations to schools such as Arellano University, Emilio Aguinaldo College and the Lyceum of the Philippines University.<ref> After Letran as host, Benilde will continue hosting duties. The LANCE. March 2006 issue</ref><ref>Cayetano bares athletic program The Lyceum Independent Sentinel. September-October 2005 issue</ref>

In 1998, the affiliated schools in the CALABARZON region and southern Metro Manila established NCAA South, an offshoot of the league. <ref>PSC Pledge Support for NCAA South 7th Season [www.ncaa.org.ph NCAA Philippines Official Website]. May 6, 2006</ref> The schools of NCAA South do not compete with the schools in the main league.

The return of a Mapúa Juniors team, which took a leave of absence beginning at the 2005-2006 season, would return at the 2007-2008 season, as the newly built Malayan High School would be fully operational. Malayan High School would represent the Mapúa Institute of Technology, which is due to be renamed as Malayan Colleges by 2010.<ref>Letran hosts 81st season The LANCE. June 2005 issue</ref>

Rivalries

Almost all of the rivalries of the NCAA originated from the basketball court, since basketball is the sport most covered by the media, especially on television. Most of the rivalries started due to the schools' compositions, because four of the old-timer six schools were exclusively for males from affluent families. These rivalries have declined in recent years with the withdrawal of two of the old-timer six, Ateneo and La Salle.

With the addition of new members to the league, rivalries shifted to become more geographical in nature. However, the former members would still face their old rivals in other leagues during the off-season, such as the Home and Away Invitational League, the Collegiate Champions League, and the Shakey's V-League.

Ateneo-UP

A rivalry between the Ateneo de Manila and the University of the Philippines existed even before the formation of the NCAA. University of the Philippines students would troop from Padre Faura to the Ateneo campus in Intramuros to play basketball with the Ateneans,<ref name="guidon"> Tradition continues: The Eagle and The Archer The Guidon (Google archive). October 7, 2004</ref> which led to the Ateneo forming the first organized cheering squad and pep band in the Philippines -- what is now known as the Blue Babble Battalion.<ref> Ateneo Songs and Cheers Ateneo de Manila University official website. May 2, 2006</ref> This would later become "UAAP's Battle of Katipunan" when the Ateneo de Manila and the University of the Philippines transferred their campuses to Katipunan Avenue, Quezon City and when the two schools began competing in the UAAP.

Ateneo-La Salle

Arguably the most popular rivalry in Filipino sports was forged in the NCAA: The Ateneo-La Salle rivalry.<ref> Bye PBA, Hello UAAP Ball The Freeman (Google archive). July 24, 2005 issue</ref> Historical records are unclear on when the rivalry began, although there are arguments pointing to La Salle's 1939 defeat of a top-seeded Ateneo basketball team and their being dethroned by the Ateneans who beat the Lasallites in the elimination round. When La Salle held their victory parade, they threw fried chicken at the Padre Faura gate of the Ateneo.<ref name="guidon"/> However, the La Salle cage team was disbarred for fielding an ineligible player the following year (although the title would not become Ateneo's until 1941, two years after the defeat).

Ateneo-La Salle games were always heated. However, La Salle during its stint in the NCAA was not as strong a contender as the Ateneo was (see Ateneo-San Beda rivalry), with the Ateneo not meeting La Salle again until the 1959 Finals, where Ateneo prevailed.<ref name="guidon"/> Ateneo-La Salle games are now among the most anticipated games of the UAAP season.

Ateneo-San Beda

With the departure of University of the Philippines, Ateneo de Manila had the most dominant basketball team for several seasons. La Salle was not a perennial basketball contender. It was in this context that the fierce rivalry between Ateneo and San Beda emerged. The two teams traded championships in the 1930s that was halted when La Salle scored an upset over Ateneo in the 1939 season. The rivalry continued with several memorable games that took place between Ateneo and San Beda in the early 1950s. Carlos Loyzaga's San Beda Red Lions toppled the Blue Eagles of Ateneo from 1950 to 1951. Then, the Blue Eagles under the leadership of Frankie Rabat captured the 1952 and 1953 NCAA titles.<ref name="official_site"/>

The rivalry continued in the 1970s, when their sons, Chito Loyzaga and Louie Rabat met in the NCAA.<ref> Mati makes monumental move INQ7.net . April 30, 2006</ref> The rivalry came to an end in the 1977 Finals series. In Game One, a brawl ensued between fans of the competing teams, which led the third game being held behind closed doors, with San Beda winning the basketball championship, after Ateneo's last second shot was ruled invalid.<ref> 1975: Year of the Eagle Team Ateneo.com. March 28, 2006</ref> The violence surrounding this championship series, coupled with the violence that was plaguing the league, led to the withdrawal from the NCAA of both Ateneo and San Beda. Ateneo went to the UAAP, while San Beda eventually came back to the NCAA.

To date, Ateneo and San Beda seem poised to rekindle their sports rivalry, less the animosity, via friendship games<ref>Eagles Score One in the Lions' Den Gameface.ph. May 2, 2006</ref> and off-season tournaments<ref>Ateneo Shades San Beda, 72-70 Gameface.ph. May 2, 2006</ref> even though both teams belong to different leagues.

La Salle-Letran

In the 1970s, La Salle started its own rivalry against Letran. During the August 17, 1980 game between La Salle and Letran, a major riot ensued. This led to the deployment of army troops around the Rizal Memorial Coliseum. (It should be noted that Rizal Memorial Coliseum is a stone's throw away from the La Salle campus, and the games were held at the height of Martial Law.)

Even before the game started, the crowds were unruly already. By the middle of the first half, Letran called for a timeout. During this time, a Letran student was ganged up on and beaten by La Salle students. This led to a riot, where fans threw objects and the Rizal Memorial Coliseum was wrecked. The two teams rushed for the dugouts, as the NCAA Management Committee suspended the game. After deliberation, the Management Committee decided to replay the game, but the Basketball Association of the Philippines, the FIBA-recognized basketball federation in the Philippines, ordered the NCAA to scrap the 1980 season.<ref>Blast from the Past Greenarcher.net. April 8, 2006</ref>.

La Salle withdrew from the NCAA, and joined the UAAP after six years of inactivity in intercollegiate athletics. Letran was suspended after it was proven that Letranites started the fight. However, after passing the league requirements, the Knights were readmitted.<ref> La Salle-Letran rivalry The LANCE. September 1980 issue</ref>

Letran-San Sebastian

After both Ateneo and La Salle left, San Sebastian (frequently shortened to "Baste") strengthened their basketball program. The acquisition of Paul Alvarez by San Sebastian and Samboy Lim by Letran provided several close games in the 1980s which led to the birth of the rivalry.

In the 1980s, Letranites were notorious for yelling profanities at San Sebastian players, which on one occasion led to a rumble at Vito Cruz Avenue when a power interruption occurred at the last second, causing confusion over which team won the championship. The rumbles between the two schools became more frequent, solidifying the intense rivalry between the two schools.<ref>Stags, Knights begin NCAA best-of-three title series today The Manila Times (Google archive). September 17, 2003 issue</ref> Paul Alvarez would later play for the Pennsylvania Valley Dawgs of the United States Basketball League.<ref> Alvarez in listless USBL debut INQ7.net. April 3, 2006</ref>

The rivalry continued through the turn of the millennium when the Stags met the Knights in the finals twice. This led to several memorable games in which the Knights won the 1998 and 2003 championships, all at the expense of the Stags.

Letran-Mapúa

The "Battle of Intramuros," which is so named because the two schools are three blocks apart from each other in Intramuros, is the name given to the Letran-Mapúa games. The Cardinals have had the mastery of the Knights in recent years, as Letran failed to beat Mapúa in eight consecutive years in the eliminations, even though the Knights were more successful in the league.<ref> Letran Goes 6-0 by Stopping Mapúa UBelt.com. April 8, 2006</ref>

The Knights were finally able to beat Mapúa in the first round of the 2005 tournament<ref> PCU, Letran remain unbeaten INQ7.net. April 5, 2006</ref>, but the Cardinals avenged that loss in the second round when they dealt the Knights their first defeat of the season.<ref> Cardinals make sure: No sweep for Knights Manila Standard Today. April 5, 2006</ref>

The only instance where Letran and Mapúa met in the Finals was in the 1979-80 season, where the Knights prevailed. <ref>15 years of being on top; Knights bring back the glory to Muralla The Lance. September 2005 issue</ref>


NCAA championships

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f About NCAA NCAA Philippines Official Website. March 28, 2006
  2. ^ a b UAAP History UAAP Official Website. March 28, 2006
  3. ^ a b c d e NCAA: An Endless Saga The Bedan. June 2005 issue.
  4. ^ 1975: Year of the Eagle Team Ateneo.com. March 28, 2006
  5. ^ NCAA: Proud and True at 82 University of Perpetual Help System DALTA official website. July 9, 2006
  6. ^ About Trinity College of Quezon City Trinity College of Quezon City official website. July 9, 2006
  7. ^ PCTV Pinoy Central TV Channel TFC Direct. May 2, 2006
  8. ^ After Letran as host, Benilde will continue hosting duties. The LANCE. March 2006 issue
  9. ^ Cayetano bares athletic program The Lyceum Independent Sentinel. September-October 2005 issue
  10. ^ PSC Pledge Support for NCAA South 7th Season [www.ncaa.org.ph NCAA Philippines Official Website]. May 6, 2006
  11. ^ Letran hosts 81st season The LANCE. June 2005 issue
  12. ^ a b c Tradition continues: The Eagle and The Archer The Guidon (Google archive). October 7, 2004
  13. ^ Ateneo Songs and Cheers Ateneo de Manila University official website. May 2, 2006
  14. ^ Bye PBA, Hello UAAP Ball The Freeman (Google archive). July 24, 2005 issue
  15. ^ Mati makes monumental move INQ7.net . April 30, 2006
  16. ^ 1975: Year of the Eagle Team Ateneo.com. March 28, 2006
  17. ^ Eagles Score One in the Lions' Den Gameface.ph. May 2, 2006
  18. ^ Ateneo Shades San Beda, 72-70 Gameface.ph. May 2, 2006
  19. ^ Blast from the Past Greenarcher.net. April 8, 2006
  20. ^ La Salle-Letran rivalry The LANCE. September 1980 issue
  21. ^ Stags, Knights begin NCAA best-of-three title series today The Manila Times (Google archive). September 17, 2003 issue
  22. ^ Alvarez in listless USBL debut INQ7.net. April 3, 2006
  23. ^ Letran Goes 6-0 by Stopping Mapúa UBelt.com. April 8, 2006
  24. ^ PCU, Letran remain unbeaten INQ7.net. April 5, 2006
  25. ^ Cardinals make sure: No sweep for Knights Manila Standard Today. April 5, 2006
  26. ^ 15 years of being on top; Knights bring back the glory to Muralla The Lance. September 2005 issue

External links


National Collegiate Athletic Association Season 83
Letran colors.PNG Letran CSB colors.PNG Benilde/LSGH NU colors.PNG JRU Mapua colors.PNG Mapúa San Beda colors.PNG San Beda SSC-R colors.PNG San Sebastian UPHD colors.PNG UPHD
Knights Blazers Heavy Bombers Cardinals Red Lions Stags Altas
Squires Greenies Light Bombers Red Cubs Staglets Altalettes
Lady Knights Lady Blazers Lady Stags Lady Altas
The PCU colors.PNG PCU Dolphins are suspended for the 2007-08 season.
 Category:1924 establishmentssv:National Collegiate Athletic Association (Filippinerna)

tl:National Collegiate Athletic Association

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