From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Mongol is a brand name of pencils (and simmilarly related products) by Newell Rubbermaid, manufactured on an OEM basis in China, and is distributed by Star Paper corporation. It is the most popular brand name of pencil in the Philippines, especially among Filipino students. Available in dozens and gross box, it is classified into three grade levels determined by the thickness and graphite content of the pencil with number 1 as the softest and 3 as the thickest.
It was originally manufactured and distributed in the Philippines first, under license from Eberhard Faber (and later Newell Rubbermaid, which purchased the Eberhard Faber company), by Amalgamated Specialties Corporation. Utilizing the name for a varitety of witing instruments. It was based on the pencil brand formerly manufactured in the U.S.A.
The brand name "Mongol" has since became a household name among Filipinos and has developed as part of the Philippine terminology synonymous to the pencil.
 Making of the Mongol Pencil
- Slats -- Woodblocks are sawed into "slats", each one half the thickness of a finished pencil.
- Grooving -- Each slat is machine grooved to secure the pencil lead.
- Lead Laying -- Pencil "lead", a fragile mixture of clay and graphite, is place into the grooves of the bottom slat.
- Gluing -- A second grooved slat is glued on top of the leaded slat, forming a "sandwich". Each sandwich is held tightly together in pneumatic clamps until the glue dries.
- Clamping -- After 8 or more hours, the clamps are then removed and the rough edges trimmed.
- Shaping -- A high-speed machinery is then used to shape and cut the slat sandwiches into individual pencils.
- Coating -- Several coats of non-toxic finish are applied to each pencil. Excess paint at the pencils tip is removed.
- Stamping/Shouldering -- The brand name "Mongol" is then heat-stamped onto one face of the pencil.
- Ferrule insertion -- A shoulder is cut into one end of the pencil to accept the "ferrule", a metal device that secures the eraser tip, which is inserted into the pencil end and is then clinched to the wood.
- Eraser insertion -- An eraser is then inserted into the ferrule. The finished product is distributed in the market.
- Amalgamated Specialties Corporation Website. Accessed on 16 May 2008.