Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
|Organized:||November 7, 1975|
The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) is the Republic of the Philippines' foremost agency tasked to administer, plan, and monitor regulatory functions in the cities of Manila, Caloocan, Quezon City, Pasay, Makati, Mandaluyong, Las Piñas, Pasig, Muntinlupa, Marikina, Parañaque, Valenzuela, Taguig and Malabon.
Headed by its chairman, the agency exercises regulatory and supervisory authority over local matters concerning the cities of Metro Manila.
A constitutional convention regarding the consolidation of different localities into a single metropolitan area was held in 1972. As a result of the convention, a proposal was submitted to the Office of the President regarding the matter.
Another proposal highlighted the need for an entity that will supervise the proposed metropolitan area. This new agency was conceived to hold the different responsibilities of coordinating, planning, managing and implementing projects that will deliver services to the area, and will coordinate ordinances and laws for legislation and law enforcement.
A referendum concerning the matter was conducted on 27 February 1975. The decision of consolidating a greater metropolitan area and of hatching the agency that will govern over it was left to the public. The mandate led to the establishment of an area known as Metro Manila, and the creation of the Metro Manila Commission (MMC) under Presidential Decree No. 824.
MMC was vested with all legislative and regulatory functions concerning the new Metro Manila area. Basically, all decisions were made by five commissioners appointed by the President.
However, during the Marcos Administration, weather surveys pointed towards the abolition of the MMC due to very low public satisfaction ratings. The common notion involved MMC's role as a facet used for the administration's political advancement.
In 1988, however, public opinion took a positive turn. Majority of Metro Manila residents called for a retention of the MMC, favoring arguments of reform rather than of abolition.
Republic Act No. 7924 granted the newly-formed Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA) 1 billion pesos for its initial operation. At present, the MMDA aims to strengthen its institutional capacity by improving its employed staff and increasing its available funding.
Programs and Projects
The MMDA facilitates different programs and projects that aim to help Metro Manila reach its full industrialization potential. These include the following:
- Organized Bus Route
- Major Thrust and Traffic Schemes
- Traffic enforcement measures, like the use of digital video cameras as a means of street surveillance
- Traffic engineering measures that include installation of foot bridges and building of subways
- Metro Manila Urban Transport Integration Project
- Metro Manila Air Quality Improvement Sector Development Program
- Solid waste management measures
- Flood control and drainage management measures
- Landscape development and maintenance measures
- "MMDA History." MMDA Website. (Accessed on 22 June 2010)
- "MMDA's Vision." MMDA Website. (Accessed on 22 June 2010)
- "MMDA's Projects." MMDA Website. (Accessed on 22 June 2010)