Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag

From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag
theatrical poster
Directed by Lino Brocka
Produced by Severino Manotok
Written by Edgardo Reyes (novel "Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag")
Clodualdo del Mundo, Jr. (screenplay)
Starring Rafael Roco, Jr.
Hilda Koronel
Lou Salvador, Jr.
Princess Reymundo
Juling Bagabaldo
Tommy Abuel
Music by Max Jocson
Cinematography Miguel de Leon
Editing by Ike Jarlego, Jr.
Distributed by Cinemanila Artists
Release date(s) 1975 (Philippines)
Running time 95 min.
Language Filipino

Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag (Manila in the Claws of Neon) is a 1975 film directed by the Philippines' most recognizable director, Lino Brocka, based on the novel written by Edgardo M. Reyes that was serialized in a local magazine, knitted together by screenwriter Clodualdo del Mundo, Jr. It stars the new comer Bembol Roco, Hilda Coronel, Tommy Abuel and among others.


Plot of the Movie

Julian, a 'provinciano' fisherman, travels to Manila to look for Ligaya, his love one who was whisked away by a certain Mrs. Cruz (Juling Bagalbago) from the province to work and supposedly study in Manila. However, Ligaya was prostituted to a Chinese merchant who would trap her and threaten her every time she thinks of escaping.

Julian would be stalking Mrs. Cruz for months to look for his beloved Ligaya. However, his money runs out and he becomes forced to look for work. Julian starts working in a construction site and there, he gets immersed in the troubles of the common laborer. The other laborers complain as to how the foreman would exploit them by lending them their own money, substantially depleting a portion of their wages to atrocious money-making schemes of those above them. Julian befriends Atong (Lou Salvador), one of the laborers who welcomes him to his house in the slums.

Atong is practically killed for a mere squabble leaving his sister to prostitute herself in a bar, and his paralyzed dad to burn to death when the slums area suspiciously catches fire during the Christmas season. Another of Julian's companions in the construction site, however, hits it big and is employed in an advertising company. In a stroke of circumstance, the lucky one gets to meet Atong's sister in the girly bar, and presumably pays for her services.

In the end, Julian is trapped in a dead end right after committing a murder. A mob gathers ready to beat him up, probably to death.


  • Hilda Koronel - Ligaya Paraiso
  • Bembol Roco - Julio Madiaga (as Rafael Roco Jr.)
  • Lou Salvador Jr. - Atong
  • Joonee Gamboa - Omeng
  • Pio De Castro III - Imo
  • Danilo Posadas - Benny
  • Jose Jardinazo - Frank (as Joseph Jardinazo)
  • Spanky Manikan - Gido
  • Edipolo Erosido - Eddie
  • Pancho Pelagio - Mr. Balajadia
  • Purita Yap - Mother
  • Josephine Gutierrez - Ligaya's Sister
  • Gina Zegui - Ligaya's Sister
  • Ronnie Magalong - Ligaya's Brother
  • Anna Marie Nicolas - Ligaya as a child
  • Victor Diendo - Julio as a child
  • Lily Gamboa Mendoza - Perla (as Lily Gamboa-Mendoza)
  • Abelardo Reyes - Father
  • Joe Gruta - Man
  • Julie De Guzman - Wife (as Julie Guzman)
  • Nina Lorenzo - Cast Member
  • Brenda Fajardo - Woman
  • Mely Mallari - Saleswoman
  • Cita Javellana - Buyer(as Citas Javellana)
  • Tommy Yap - Ah Tek
  • Juling Bagabaldo - Mrs. Cruz
  • Ellen Cacho - Maid
  • Fred Capulong - Police
  • Jojo Abela - Bobby (as Jojo Abella)
  • Chiqui Xerxes-Burgos - Cesar (as Chiqui Xeres Burgos)
  • Rikki Jimenez - Rikki
  • Sabrina - Sabrina
  • Pitay - Pitay
  • Veronica - Veronica
  • Jun Macapinlac - gay
  • Jerry O'Hara - Call Boy
  • Bobby Roldan - Call Boy
  • Rudy Hermano - Call Boy
  • Orlando Nadres - Discotheque's Owner
  • Ricardo De Guzman - Discotheque's Customer
  • Socrates B. Jose - Discotheque's Customer (as Soc Jose)
  • Greg Llenado - Discotheque's Customer
  • Tommy Abuel - Pol
  • Estrella Kuenzler - Mother
  • Edwin O'Hara - Mr. Kadyo
  • Lorli Villanueva - Woman in Rizal Park
  • Arturo Soquerata - Purse Snatcher (as Boy Soquerata)
  • Mario O'Hara - Activist Leader

Production Staff

  • Produced by
    • Mike De Leon - producer (as Miguel De Leon)
    • Severino Manotok Jr. - producer
  • Original Music by
    • Max V. Jocson(as Max Jocson)
  • Cinematography by
    • Mike De Leon (as Miguel De Leon)
  • Film Editing by
    • Edgardo Jarlego
    • Ike Jarlego Jr.
  • Set Decoration by
    • Alfonso Socito (setting)
    • Soxy Topacio
  • Makeup Department
    • Len Santos - makeup artist
    • Marietta Sta. Juana - assistant makeup artist
  • Production Management
    • Ricardo De Guzman - production manager
    • Socrates B. Jose - assistant production manager (as Soc Jose)
  • Second Unit Director or Assistant Director
    • Arturo Soquerata - assistant director (as Boy Soquerata)
  • Art Department
    • Lito Nicdao - props
  • Sound Department
    • Francisco Rabara - boom operator
    • Luis Reyes - sound
    • Ramon Reyes - sound
  • Visual Effects by
    • Rody Lacap - titles and opticals
    • Vic Penetrante - titles and opticals
  • Camera and Electrical Department
    • Amable Aguiluz - still photographer (as Tikoy Aguiluz)
    • Ding Austria - camera operator
    • Angel Baliares - assistant camera
    • Arturo Capulong - assistant camera
    • Fred Capulong - grip
    • Emy De Guzman - leg man
    • Jose Maniquis - grip
    • Rey Paclibar - electrician
    • Ernesto Saludes - grip
    • Sonny Yabao - still photographer
  • Other crew
    • Romy Dollero - utility
    • Jeremias Tecson - production coordinator


  • 1976 FAMAS Awards
    • Best Picture
    • Best Screenplay
    • Best Actor
    • Best Cinematography
    • Best Director
    • Best Supporting Actor

It is the only Filipino film that has consistently placed among the world's top 100 films of all time, and the only Filipino film that entered in the list of the book, 1001 Movies You Should See Before You Die.


External links



Original content from WikiPilipinas. under GNU Free Documentation License. See full disclaimer.