|Region||Metro Manila (National Capital Region)|
|Mayor||Neptali "Boyet" Gonzales II (Lakas-CMD)|
|Area|| 21.26 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 278,474|
The City of Mandaluyong (Filipino: Lungsod ng Mandaluyong) is one of the cities and municipalities that comprise Metro Manila in the Philippines. It is bordered on the west by the country's capital, Manila, to the north by the municipality of San Juan, to the east by Quezon City and Pasig City, and by Makati City to the south. At present, it is widely considered the "Tiger City of the Philippines", "Metro Manila's Heart", and the "Shopping Mall Capital of the Philippines".
Mandaluyong City is located right at the center of Metro Manila. Among the many attractions in the city is the western half of the Ortigas Center, one of the major centers of business and commerce in the metropolis (the eastern half is in Pasig City). Found within the Mandaluyong portion of the Ortigas Center is the main headquarters of the Asian Development Bank and the headquarters of San Miguel Corporation, the Southeast Asia's largest food and beverage company. Located also in Ortigas Center is the Shangri-La Plaza, comprised of the Edsa Shangri-La Manila, the St. Francis Towers (one of the tallest towers in the Philippines when built) and Shangri-La Plaza, adjacent to SM Megamall, one of the biggest shopping malls in Asia and the premiere mall of the largest chain of shopping malls in the country, can be found here, as well as EDSA Central and Star Mall. The Shaw Boulevard Station of the MRT is a mall in itself, besides the fact that the station is connected to three other malls (Star Mall, Shangri-La Plaza and the newly renovated EDSA Central).
Mandaluyong city also boasts some of the best educational institutions in the country, namely Lourdes School of Mandaluyong (est. 1958), a Franciscan-Marian all-boys school, located also in Ortigas Center. Slightly northwest of Ortigas Center is the La Salle Greenhills(est. 1959), an famous all-boys high school. Mandaluyong city also exhibits another exclusive all-male institution, the Don Bosco Technical College (DBTC) (est. 1953), a prestigious Salesian school and the Motherhouse of all Salesian works in the Philippines.
Among locals, Mandaluyong City is often used in jokes pertaining to a person's mental health (e.g., a person whose mental well-being is suspect is often labelled as coming from Mandaluyong, the joke going "sa loob o sa labas?, which translated, means "inside or outside?"). This is because the National Center for Mental Health is found in the city.
Mandaluyong City got its name from the Tagalog mga which means many and daluy which means flowing. This is in reference to the many tall grasses that used to grow in the area, the grasses seemed to 'flow' in the wind.
Another possible origin is from the word "daluyong" which means tidal waves or a place of waves. This may perhaps pertain to the Pasig River that passes through Mandaluyong City.
Mandaluyong formed part of what was once the Kingdom of Sapa of the Great Majapahit Empire around 1300. More than a century later, around 1470, it expanded and was called the Kingdom of Namayan. The vast kingdom comprised what are now Quiapo, San Miguel, Sta. Mesa, Paco, Pandacan, Malate and Sta. Ana in Manila, and Mandaluyong, San Juan, Makati, Pasay, Pateros, Taguig, Parañaque, and portions of Pasig and Quezon City up to Diliman.
During the Spanish era, Mandaluyong (then San Felipe Neri) was established when it was separated from Santa Ana de Sapa in 1841.
During the American period, San Felipe Neri was consolidated with the municipality of San Juan del Monte For several months in 1904, San Felipe Neri became the capital of Rizal province.
However in 1907, San Felipe Neri became an independent municipality with its separation from San Juan. It was also renamed its town to its present name.
|1||Hagdan Bato Itaas||18.36||9,769|
|1||Hagdan Bato Libis||15.48||6,204|
|1||Harapin Ang Bukas||4.89||3,981|
- Mandaluyong City, Philippines (Official Website). Retrieved on April 28, 2006.
- Metro Manila Cities Interactive Maps. Retrieved on Sept 8, 2006.
- Official Homepage of the Mandaluyong City Government
- Interactive Map of the City of Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines
- Mandaluyong.info - Mandaluyong City Aggregated News and Information Portal