|Region||National Capital Region|
|Mayor||Jejomar Erwin S. Binay (PDP-Laban)|
|Area|| 27.36 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 471,379|
Makati (Lungsod ng Makati) is one of the 16 cities that comprise Metro Manila or the National Capital Region in the Philippines. It is known for its developed business district making it one of Asia's prominent financial, commercial and economic centers.
The city is bordered by neighboring towns and cities such as Mandaluyong City to the north, the municipality of Pateros to the east, Manila to the northwest and Pasay City to the south and southwest. It has a land area of 27.36 square kilometers which is 4.30% of Metro Manila’s total land area.
Makati literally means “ebbing tide”. In the 1570s when the Spanish began to take over the Philippines, Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopéz de Legaspi declared the city’s area as a worthless swamp. But in later years, the worthless swampland was turned into a social, economic and cultural area. When the Spanish colonizers gave up the country to the Americans, the Americans established Fort McKinley in the city. With its population of 2,500, San Pedro de Makati was established in 1901. By 28 February 1914, Philippine Legislature Act No. 2390 was passed shortening the name to merely Makati.
Like all the other cities in the Philippines, Makati City is lead by a mayor, vice mayor, lower house representatives for each congressional district and other local officials per barangay. For many years, the city was governed by the Binay family. Jejomar Binay and his wife, Elenita are both former mayors. Their son Jun-jun has been proclaimed mayor-elect, having won in the 2010 national and local elections. Romulo Pena, Jr. secured the vice mayoral seat while Monique Yazmin Lagdameo and Jejomar’s daughter Mar-len Abigail won as lower house representatives for the first and second districts respectively.
According to the 2007 Census, Makati City has a population of 510,383. This shows an increase of 95,970 from the 2000 figure. Because of its commercial and business establishments, Makati’s population reaches an estimate of a million during a typical working day. People from all over the NCR come and go to Makati to work, shop and do business especially in the Central Business District.
The most famous area in the city is its central business district which houses skyscrapers, condominiums, parks, high-end shopping malls, museums and other commercial establishments. Also located in Makati City’s business district is the famous Ayala Center which is a chain of high-end malls, namely Glorietta and Greenbelt. The malls have a wide variety of shops, from clothing stores to movie theaters to morning-till-night bars. Another landmark is the Ayala Triangle which is located at the corner of Makati Avenue and Paseo de Roxas. It is a monument of the country’s heroes, Ninoy Aquino, Gabriela Silang and Pio del Pilar. Along J.P. Rizal Avenue is Makati Park and Garden. Residents visit the park for the peaceful ambience. The Rockwell Center and Power Plant Mall are other for well-to-do shopping establishment also found in the city. The Ateneo Graduate School of Business is located here, as well as Nestle Philippines and PHINMA offices. Other establishments located in Makati are:
- Ayala Museum
- Makati Coliseum
- Power Plant Mall
- Sta. Ana Race Track
- The Manila Polo Club
- The Manila Golf Club
- The Makati Sports Club
- The Metropolitan Club
- Makati History philtravelcenter.com (Accessed 3 June 2010)
- Election Results ibanangayon.ph (Accessed 3 June 2010)
- Makati makati.gov.ph (Accessed 3 June 2010)
- Province census.gov.ph (Accessed 3 June 2010)