Magellan

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Ferdinand Magellan Ferdinand magellan was the first European to arrived in the Philippines.


Ferdinand Magellan (Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães, IPA pronunciation: /fɨɾ'nɐ̃ũ dɨ mɐgɐ'ʎɐ̃ĩʃ/; Spanish: Fernando or Hernando de Magallanes); Spring 1480 – April 27, 1521, Mactan Island, Cebu, Philippines) was a Portuguese-born maritime explorer who, at the service of Spain, tried to find a westward route to the Spice Islands of Indonesia. This voyage became known as the first successful attempt at circumnavigation of the Earth. He did not complete his final westward voyage; he was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines. As he died farther west than the Spice Islands, which he had visited on earlier voyages from the west, he became one of the first individuals to cross all the meridians of the globe. He was the first person to lead an expedition sailing westward from Europe to Asia and to cross the Pacific Ocean.

Magellan should also be recognized as the first European explorer to enter the Pacific from the Strait of Magellan, which he discovered. He is also remembered as the first European to reach the archipelago of what is now known as the Philippines, which was unknown to the western world before his landing. Arab traders had established commerce within the archipelago centuries earlier.

Of the 270 crew members who set out with Magellan to circumnavigate the globe, only 18 completed the circumnavigation and managed to return to Spain.[1][2] They were led by Basque Juan Sebastián Elcano, who took over command of the expedition after Magellan's death.