|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|Province||Chartered city in Quezon|
|Mayor||Ramon Y. Talaga Jr. (Lakas-CMD)|
|Area|| 83.15 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 196,075|
The City of Lucena (Filipino: Lungsod ng Lucena) is a first class highly urbanized medium sized city in the province of Quezon, Philippines. It is the capital city of Quezon. According to the 2005 census, it has a population of 220,834 people in 44,952 households. Nearby towns of Lucena are Pagbilao (east), Tayabas (north) and Sariaya (west).
The city proper is wedged between two rivers, Dumacaa River on the east and Iyam River on the west. Seven other rivers and six creeks serve as natural drainage for the city. Its port on the coast along Tayabas Bay is home to several boat and ferry lines operating and serving the sea lanes between Lucena and the different points in the region and as far as the Visayas.
There exists a Lucena Airport, but no commercial flights come to the city. Light aircraft can, however, make use of the facilities.
Being the provincial capital, Lucena is host to most of the branches of governmental agencies, businesses, banks and service facilities in the Southern Tagalog region.
Lucena is politically subdivided into 33 barangays.
- MBC-TV Natin: Channel 3
- Conamor Broadcasting System: Channel 8
- Studio 23: Channel 24
- ACQ-Kingdom Broadcasting Network: Channel 28
- STV-6: Channel 6
- ABS-CBN Lucena: Channels 12 and 36
- The Edge Radio 90.3
- Campus Radio 91.1
- KissFM 95.1
- Bay Radio 92.7
- Sigaw 96.7
- Big SoundFM 97.5
- OneFM 98.3
- Love Radio 100.7
- Spirit FM 103.9
- HotFM 105.3
- DWLC AM
- DZEL AM
- DZRH AM Lucena
- DZKL AM
- DZLT AM
- DZAQ AM
Lucena City has a central transportation hub aptly called the Grand Central Terminal and is located in Barangay Ilayang Dupay, just midway through the Bicol Region and back. It serves not only Manila-bound buses but also buses going toward the upland and far-flung areas of Quezon province, particulary Bondoc Peninsula towns.
Among the bus lines that serve the Manila-Lucena route and are housed in the Grand Central Terminal are:
- Jac Liner (bound to LRT-Taft and Cubao-Kamias)
- Lucena Lines (sister company of Jac Liner, bound to LRT-Taft and Cubao-Kamias)
- Jam Transit (bound to LRT-Taft and Cubao-Kamias)
- Grand Star (bound to LRT-Taft and Cubao-Kamias)
- N. Dela Rosa Transport (bound to Alabang and Lawton)
Lucena City also has a wide network of jeepney routes, all emanating from the city center (Bayan) and reaching out to the major barangays of the city, as well as nearby towns.
Lucena was originally a barrio of Tayabas town, then the capital of the Province of Tayabas (now Quezon) which was explored by Captain Juan de Salcedo in 1571 & 1572. The town was founded by the Franciscan fathers, Juan de Plasencia & Diego de Oropesa between 1580 & 1583.
It was then called by the Spaniards "Buenavista" (beautiful scenic spots) because of its awe-inspiring scenic beauty.
It was then changed to "Oroquieta" in honor of the Spanish Gov-Gen. Oroquieta. Then in the 17th Century it was changed to "Cotta" meaning a strong fort because forts or cottas were built to defend it from Muslim piratical raids. Finally, on November 5, 1897, pursuant to an Orden Real Superior Civil, the community was named "Lucena" as tribute to the late Reverend Mariano Granja, a Jesuit prelate of the town of Lucena, Province of Andalucia, Spain who was responsible for the development of the barrio. And on June 1, 1882 it became an independent municipality.
During the Philippine Revolution in 1896, the captain municipal of Lucena, Jose Zaballero, led the local revolutionaries. However, the local revolutionary government was organized by Manuel Argüelles, with José Barcelona as president. After the declaration of Philippine Independence, Gen. Malvar took over Tayabas Province on Aug. 15, 1898. Don Crisanto Marquez was elected municipal president during the first elections.
Lucena was the site of bloody struggles at the outbreak of the Filipino-American War in 1899. Upon establishment of a civil government in the Province of Tayabas by the Americans on March 12, 1901, Lucena was made capital of the province. During WW II, Lucena was not spared from the grim realities of war at the hands of the Japanese who occupied the city on Dec. 27, 1941. Fortunately, however, the city was not devastated by the war. The Hunter ROTC guerillas succeeded in driving out the Japanese on January 25, 1945. Quezon Province was formally liberated by the Americans on April 4, 1945.
On June 17, 1961 by virtue of Republic Act No. 3271, sponsored by Cong. Manuel S. Enverga & Cong. Pascual Espinosa, Lucena became a chartered city. The City of Lucena was inaugurated on Aug. 19, 1962 on the occasion of the 84th birth anniversary of the late Pres. Manuel L. Quezon.
Today Lucena is home to a population of 220,834 people (as of 2005) and is fast flourishing as an urban community and planning to build an Economic Zone.
Metro Lucena has an estimated population of 700,000 w/c is mostly concentrated in the flat-south central portion of Quezon, which includes the city of Lucena, Sariaya, Candelaria, Tayabas, Lucban & Pagbilao . The people are characterized as friendly and hardworking.
Quick Facts as of 2005
- Total Population : 220,834 (2005)
- Population Density : 2,483 persons/sq.km.
- No. of Households : 44,952
- Ave. Household Size : 4.85 persons/household
- Population Growth Rate : 2.12% per year
- Literacy Rate : 98.6%
- Day Care Centers : 59
- Public Elementary Schools : 40
- Private Elementary Schools : 21
- Public High Schools : 2
- Private High Schools : 10
- Tertiary Schools : 8
- Internal Revenue Allotment (2005) : P 220,336,233.00
- LGU Income (2005) : P 403,116,448.49
- Lucena City Tax Revenue Collection (2003) (Revenue District Office No. 60 covering Lucena City and all the towns in the First and Second Legislative Districts of Quezon Province) : P 3,259,550,000.00
- Welcome to Lucena City
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- 2000 Philippine Census Information
- Lucena City Government site
- Lucena City association in Canada
- Lucena City Properties
- Lucena City Community Website