Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino
The Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino (Commission on the Filipino Language) is the official regulating body of the Filipino language. It was also known as Institute of National Language or Surian ng Wikang Pambansa, 1937-1987; Linangan ng mga Wika sa Pilipinas, 1987-1992.)
It was established in accord with the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines and was created on 13 Nov 1936 by Commonwealth Act No 184 as the Surian ng Wikang Pambansa.
As the "Surian ng Wikang Pambansa" it was mandated to choose which native Philippine language would be used as the basis for the national language. Under its first director Jaime de Veyra, proposed that Tagalog be the basis for the national language in 1937 and , in 1940, published an official grammar and dictionary, the Balarila ng Wikang Pambansa (Grammar of the National Language), written by Lope K. Santos, and the Tagalog-English Vocabulary.
The Surian ng Wikang Pambansa became the "Linangan ng mga Wika sa Pilipinas" in 1987 by virtue of Executive Order No. 117. The "Linangan" was transformed into the "Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino" in August 1991 through Republic Act No. 7104 and the law was implemented on 20 Mar 1992.
Under Pineda there were major changes in language policy: bilingual education in 1974; Filipino, with Pilipino as the core, as the national language in 1983; and a Filipino alphabet consisting of 28 letters in 1987.
The following has became its director after de Veyra:
- Lope K. Santos, 1941-1946
- Julian Cruz Balmaseda, 1946-1948
- Cirio H. Panganiban, 1948-1954
- Cecilio Lopez, 1954-1955; Jose Villa Panganiban, 1955-1970
- and Ponciano B. P. Pineda, 1971-present
The organization has contributed to the development of the national language, literature and literary criticism in Filipino through the publication of critical works, the giving of annual awards in poetry and essay, and the holding of forums, symposia, and seminars.
It came out with several studies such as “Tinging Pahapyaw sa Kasaysayan ng Panitikang Tagalog” (A Glimpse at the History of Tagalog Literature), by Lope K. Santos; “Ang Maikling Kathang Tagalog” (The Tagalog Short Story), 1938, by Fausto Galauran; “Ang Pagkaunlad ng Nobelang Tagalog” (The Development of the Tagalog Novel), 1938, by Inigo Ed. Regalado; “Ang Dulang Pilipino” (Philippine Theater), 1947, by Julian Cruz Balmaseda; “Duplo’t Balagtasan” (Duplo and Balagtasan), 1949, by Teodoro Gener; and “Ang Nobelang Tagalog Kahapon, Ngayon, at Bukas” (The Tagalog Novel Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow), 1949, by Faustino Aguilar. It has published works of a new breed of critics and writers representing a resurgent nationalist and social temper such as “Ang Panulaan sa Kasalukuyan” (Today’s Poetry) by Bienvenido Lumbera, “Ang Hamon sa Nobela in the Present Period) by Efren R. Abueg, and “Ang Makata, Masa at Rebolusyong Pampanulaan” (The Poet, the Masses, and the Poetic Revolution) by Virgilio S. Almario.
It has held competitions and has given awards among which are the poetry award, the Talaang Ginto (later called Gawad Surian sa Tula-Gantimpalang Collantes), initiated in 1963, followed by the Gawad Surian sa Sanaysay-Gantimpalang Collantes (essay award) in 1967.
It has also compiled the prizewinning/award winning works into the following anthologies: Talaang Ginto sa Tula: 1963-1969; Talaang Ginto sa Tula: 1972-1979, Talaang Ginto: Gawad Surian sa Tula-Gantimpalang Collantes (1980-1991), Mga Sanaysay sa Alaala ni Lope K. Santos sa Kanyang Ikasandaang Taon (Essays in Memory of Lope K. Santos on his Birth Centennial), Panunuring Pampanitikan: Mga Nagwagi sa Gawad Surian sa Sanaysay (Literary Criticism: Winners of the Gawad Surian sa Sanaysay), Panunuring Pampanitikan II, 1984-1988 (Literary Criticism II, 1984-1988), and Gawad Surian sa Sanaysay-Gantimpalang Collantes, 1989-1991.
- official website
- Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino
- The Language Planning Situation in the Philippines, by Andrew Gonzalez, FSC
- "Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino." Panitikan.(accessed on 24 October 2007)
- Commission on Filipino Language article on Wikipedia (accessed on 24 October 2007)