Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP)
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Kilusang Magbubukid ng Pilipinas (KMP, Peasant Movement of the Philippines) is the democratic and militant movement of landless peasants, small farmers, farm workers, rural youth and peasant women. It has effective leadership over a total of 1.3 million rural people with 65 provincial chapters and 15 regional chapters nationwide.
KMP is guided by the rich lessons of our mass campaigns and struggles. It unites with all oppressed and exploited classes, and fights for the interests and aspirations of the entire Filipino people.
KMP continues to consolidate and defend its gains and victories while advancing the peasant struggle against class exploitation and national oppression.
As a militant genuine peasant movement, the KMP struggles for the following:
- A genuine agrarian reform program and national industrialization as the foundation for over-all economic development;
- A sovereign nation free from foreign domination and control, and defends the people's civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights;
- A comprehensive and pro-people social program that provides basic social and public services;
- A genuine aquatic reform program that upholds the rights of small fisherfolk;
- Promotion of peasant women rights and welfare that eradicates all forms of discrimination, exploitation and oppression against women and children;
- Respect for the right to ancestral lands and self-determination of indigenous peoples;
- Protection of the rights to agricultural workers for fair and living wages, and safe and good working conditions;
- A nationalist, mass-oriented, scientific culture;
- Science and technology for the people that serves a national economic program and promotes sustainable agriculture and enviromental protection; and
- Solidarity and support to the struggles of the peasantry and the people of the world against imperialism.
The farmers' united and militant assertion of their rights and interests is an effective strategy to confront repulsively unequal class relations. KMP carries out painstaking organizing and education work among the peasants as a requisite in building a strong democratic mass organization.
To fulfill its vision and mission, KMP employs various proven effective forms of struggle and massive militant actions to uphold and protect the rights and interests of the peasants. KMP coordinates the farmers' local struggles and campaigns at the national level. It is also linking up with movements and organizations of workers and other sectors of society as well as with struggles and movements internationally.
KMP also struggles for immediate economic relief for the peasants and builds economic organizations, launches programs and projects such as livelihood and production, health, sanitation, disaster relief, and technology-development projects.
Some of the national leaders of KMP
- Rafael "Ka Paeng" Mariano, National Chairperson, also the Anakpawis Partylist Representative to the House of Representatives
- Imelda Lacandazo, National Vice-Chairperson, Spokesperson of Katipunan ng mga Samahang Magbubukid sa Timog Katagalugan (Kasama-TK, KMP Southern Tagalog)
- Danilo Ramos, National Secretary-General
- Wilfredo Marbella, Deputy Secretary-General for Internal Affairs
- Randall Echanis, Deputy Secretary-General for External Affairs, currently a political prisoner held at Manila City Jail, accused of the "mass murders" in Leyte by the Arroyo government, prosecuted by the Department of Justice (DOJ), part of the Arroyo counter-insurgency program Oplan Bantay Laya 2 (Operational Plan Guard Freedom) composed of extra-judicial killings (EJK), enforced disappearances and "arrest and detention"
- Antonio Flores, National Auditor, former Chairperson of KMP - Southern Mindanao Region
KMP Regional and Provincial Chapters
- Katipunan ng mga Samahang Magbubukid sa Timog Katagalugan (KASAMA-TK, Southern Tagalog)
o KASAMA - Rizal o PUMALAG - Laguna o SAMBAT - Batangas o PIGLAS - Quezon o KASAMA-MO Mindoro Oriental o SAMAKAMI - Mindoro Occidental
- Alysansa ng Magbubukid sa Gitnang Luzon (AMGL, Central Luzon)
o AMC - Pampanga o AMGL - NE - Nueva Ecija o AMB - Bulacan o AMT - Tarlac o PAMANA - Aurora
- STOP-EXPLOITATION - Ilocos (Ilocos Region)
o STOP-EX Ilocos Norte o STOP-EX Ilocos Sur o STOP-EX Abra o STOP-EX La Union
- APIT-TAKO Cordillera (Cordillera Region)
o KMP - Mountain Province o KMP - Ifugao o KMP - Kalinga
- KMP Bikol (Bicol Region)
o KMP - Albay o SAMASOR - Sorsogon o CNPO - Camarines Norte o DAMPA - Camarines Sur
- SAGUPA - Silangang Bisaya (Eastern Visayas Region)
o KMP - Northern Samar o KAMASSISA - Eastern Samar o KAPAWA - Western Samar o KMP - Western Leyte o KMP - Northern Leyte o KMP - Southern Leyte
- PAMANGGAS - Panay Region
o KMP - Aklan o FIFA - Iloilo o KAMACA - Capiz
- KMP - Central Visayas Region
o KMP - Cebu o KMP - Negros Occidental o KAUGMAON - Negros Oriental o HUMABOL - Bohol
- KMP CARAGA and North Central Mindanao Region
o NAMASUN - Surigao del Norte o KAMASS - Surigao del Sur o NAMASUR - Agusan del Sur o UMAN - Agusan del Norte o KASAMA - Bukidnon
- KMP - Western Mindanao Region
o KMP - Zamboanga del Norte o AFUZ - Zamboang del Sur o FARM - MO - Misamis Occidental o KMP - Lanao del Norte o KMP - Lanao del Sur
- KMP - Southern Mindanao Region
o NAMASDDS - Davao del Sur o DOCOFA - Davao Oriental o DANOFA - Davao del Norte o FADC - Davao City
- KMP - Far South Mindanao Region
o KAMASKU - Sultan Kudarat o KMP - Kotabato o SOCOFA - South Cotabato o BINHI - Saranggani
Genuine Agrarian Reform / Genuine Land Reform
Genuine agrarian reform or genuine land reform means that the lands should be distributed freely, without charge to the peasants that developed, tilled and cultivated the agricultural lands. It is also pushed primarily by the peasant movement or the mass movement of peasants, self-reliant and not dependent on government agencies or the legal framework as usually the legal system works against the interests of the peasants and for the interests of the landlords, comprador bourgeoisie, foreign monopoly capitalist agro-corporations and state agencies.
Genuine land reform is realized through different aspects such as the following:
- Reduction of land rent, usually at 50% of the gross harvest of tenant-farmers go to the landlords. The peasant association at the barrios (rural villages) would gradually call for reduction of land rent through mass actions such as rallies, camp-outs, dialogues, farm strikes and other forms. Through the united efforts of the farmers, landlords are compelled to give in to legitimate demands. After accomplishing such reduction target like the 50% going to 40%. Another period of preparation would be set to request for another reduction making the 40% to 30% and so on. Usually it would target to a minimum of 10% land rent for the landlords.
- Eradication of usury. Unscrupulous interest rates on loans would be targeted by the peasant associations. They would demand to decrease it to levels prevailing in rural banks. Usual forms of usury are 5-6 or 20%, sometimes in kind where 1 cavan of palay (rice) would be paid by 2 cavans, an offspring of water buffalo is being paid to the loansharks and more.
- Increase in prices of farm products. Traders who are commonly the landlords of towns and provinces depress the prices of farm products as they monopolize the local trade. Peasant associations would campaign for the increase in farmgate prices through mass actions, farmstrikes, boycott and more. Usually rice which is pegged at P10 ($0.20) per kg could be demanded to increase to P15 ($0.30), or corn from P6 to P10 or P12 per kg and more.
- Lowering of rent of farm machineries.
- Increase in wages of farm and agricultural workers.
- Allocating communal farms for the landless farmworkers to cultivate.
- Other issues that serve the interests of the peasants
Official Website of KMP-Peasant Movement of the Philippines (accessed on July 9, 2008)