Katipunan

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Katipunan by Carlos "Botong" Francisco.

The Kataas-taasang Kagalang-galangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan, known as the Katipunan or KKK for short, was an organization founded on 7 July 1892 with the vision of completely separating the Philippines from Spain after declaring the country's independence.

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Origin

After the dissolution of the La Liga Filipina which Andres Bonifacio was a member of, the idea was envisioned of another society that would revolt against the Spanish. The former society was divided in two groups. One hoped to gain reforms through peaceful means and continued support to the La Liga Filipina. The other one, which sought reform through more radical means, was the start of the Katipunan. When Jose Rizal was exiled to Dapitan, Bonifacio became convinced that the only way to attain liberty from colonization was through a revolution.

Founding

The KKK was founded in a house on Azcarraga street in Tondo, Manila where as a symbol of loyalty, a member needs to perform the sandugo or blood compact wherein each person needs to sign the pact with his own blood. Members agree to recruit more people using the "triangle system." An original member would recruit two new members who are then asked to do the same thing. They were also asked to contribute 25 centavos each month in order to raise funds for the association.

The association aimed to teach Filipinos good manners, cleanliness, fine morals and how to protect themselves against religious fanaticism, and to encourage Filipinos to help themselves and to defend the oppressed.

The highest governing body of the Katipunan was called the Kataas-taasang Sanggunian or the Supreme Council which was headed by the supremo or the president. Each province had a Sangguniang Bayan and each town had a Sangguniang Balangay.

Jose Rizal did not become part of the Katipunan but its members still looked up to him as a leader.

Leaders

Discovery

Rumors about a secret society had long been in circulation although there were no evidences found to support them. On 19 August 1896, Teodoro Patiño told his sister Honoria about the existence of the association. The information upset Honoria that she told the Mother Superior of the orphanage in Mandaluyong where she was staying, Sor Teresa de Jesus. The nun suggested to seek advice from Father Mariano Gil, the parish priest of Tondo. After hearing the revelations, the priest, accompanied by several Guardia Civiles, searched the premises of the Diario de Manila printing press where several Katipunan members worked, and found evidence of the existence of the association. The governor was quickly informed and hundreds of suspected members of the KKK were arrested.

Reference

Citation

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