Jose Maria Tuason

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Don Jose Maria Tuason ( - 1856) was one of the most prominent merchants, bankers, and real estate magnates of mid-19th century. He was also the third lord of the Tuason Mayorazgo or noble estate. His father was Mariano Tuason, the second lord of the Tuason mayorazgo. His mother was Doña Maria Juana Fabie. His great grandfather was Antonio Tuason (? - 1794), who was recognized by the King of Spain as one of the prime defenders of the colony during the British Invasion of Manila from 1762-1764. Thus the king granted the founder's request to establish the first noble estate in the Philippines.

Jose Maria Tuason established J.M. Tuason & Co., one of the earliest Filipino-owned merchant firms of the time, competing against American and British trading houses operating in Manila, such as Ker & Co. and Russell & Sturgis. J.M. Tuason & Co. was both an exporter and importer and published market reports in English for customers in foreign markets.

Such was his prestige that he was called upon to serve in 1851 as the first manager of Banco Español Filipino de Isabela II, the precursor of today's Bank of the Philippine Islands.

He married Doña Maria Josefa Patiño y Tuason, ( - 1895), who was his first cousin. Their first-born son Jose Severo Tuason (1833-1874) succeeded to the Tuason Mayorazgo, after Don Jose Maria died in 1856.

See also


  • Legarda, Jr., Benito J. "After the Galleons: Foreign Trade, Economic Change and Entrepreneurship in the 19th-Century Philippines." Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1999.



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--Matanglawin 11:21, 4 September 2009 (EDT)