|Iñigo Regalado y Corcuera|
|1 June 1855 – 2 September 1896|
|Place of birth:||Sampaloc, Manila|
|Place of death:||Manila|
Iñigo Regalado y Corcuera (1 June 1855 – 2 September 1896) was a printer and a Tagalog poet in the 19th century. He was the father of Tagalog novelist Iñigo Ed. Regalado. Among the pennames that he used are Igiñi, Odalager, and Gaolerad.
Early life and education
Regalado was born on 1 June 1855 in Sampaloc, Manila. There is nothing known about his parents or whether he obtained formal education. What is clear, however, is that he was exposed to the duplo at a young age. This form of poetry is similar to the balagtasan where poets debate opposite each other using awit and corrido.
Most of Regalado’s duplos were never published and have become forgotten. Among them were the love songs and ballads that he had written. In spite of this, his poem “Ang Ganda Mo Neneng” was memorized by the youth of Sampaloc. Later on, his poems were featured in the almanacs and calendars of Pascual H. Poblete and Isabelo de los Reyes. These works were eventually lost as expected.
It became a custom during that period for the literate class to send invitations for special occasions. The verses that Regalado wrote for these invitations reflected the customs and traditions of the times. Such is this poem that appears in E. Arsenio Manuel’s entry on Regalado in the Dictionary of Philippine Biography, Vol. 1:
- Sa pamumulaga ng magandang araw,
- samo ko’y tumungo sa ating simbahan;
- anak na bunso ko doon ikakasal,
- madlang kakilala ay sasamang abay
- Ang sikat ng araw pag pantay anino,
- sa dahon ng saging magsalo tayo;
- kung di ka masayahan sa ihahandog ko,
- pababaunan ka ng natirang puto.
- Kung hampas-tikin na ang lagay ng araw,
- di sa pagtataboy tumungo sa hagdan;
- sundin ta ang utos, ng Poong Maykapal,
- huwag abalahin itong bagong kasal.
Together with Gregorio Bautista, Regalado managed the press of the periodical La Opinion in 1887. However, the two were relieved of their responsibilities when the management of the paper and press passed into the hands of Juan Atayde.
In January 1890, Regalado managed the Tagalog section of the bi-weekly La Lectura Popular along with other Tagalog writers, namely Gabriel Beato Francisco, Tomas Alup Remigio, and Eulogio Julian de Tandiana. According to his son, Iñigo Ed. Regalado, he wrote the Tagalog translation of the story “Ang Cuintas ng Isang Jesuita” (The Necklace of a Jesuit) which appeared in the said periodical.
Surprisingly, later in the same year, Atayde hired Regalado as head printer of his press Imprenta de Don Juan Atayde y Ca. Under his direction, the La Ilustracion Filipina was published in September 1890. He also did translations during his stint in the printing company.
Regalado edited the Spanish-Tagalog periodical Ang Pliegong Tagalog which was first published on 3 May 1896. The said bi-weekly was later on used by the Katipunan to propagate revolutionary ideas. When the Philippine Revolution broke out in 1896, Regalado hid from the authorities. He contracted an illness and was almost unable to go back to his family.
Julian C. Balmaseda mentioned Regalado in his work Ang Tatlong Panahon ng Tulang Tagalog which was published in 1938. The author cited Regalado as one of the later 19th century poets who departed from the metrical romances and religious poetry which were typical of the period. The other poets that were mentioned were Pascual H. Poblete, Modesto Santiago, Diego Moxica, Ireneo Cabañero, among others.
Family and Personal Life
Regalado was married to Saturnina Reyes. Of their several children, only two survived, namely Saturnina and Iñigo Ed. Regalado.
- Manuel, E. Arsenio. Dictionary of Philippine Biography, Volume 1. Quezon City: Filipiniana Publications, 1955.
- “Iñigo C. Regalado.” National Historical Institute. (Accessed 15 March 2010).
- “Duplo.” WikiFilipino Para sa Filipino. (Accessed 15 March 2010).