Homeschooling and open universities in the Philippines

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Government Pushes for Homeschooling Through the Internet


Homeschooling and open universities have proliferated in the Philippines over recent years due to the ease of long-distance communication over the Internet and the rising cost of education and other resources. They permit study at the student’s own pace and allow a more flexible schedule that enables the student to pursue work or other interests while studying. Such programs are supported by Article IV of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, which decrees that quality education at every level should be made accessible to all Filipinos, including self-learning, independent, and out-of-school study programs.

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Definitions

Homeschooling involves the teaching of children at home, usually by their parents. This form of schooling is recognized by the Department of Education (DepEd) provided that the parent-teacher is a college graduate and is able to provide at least 4 hours of instruction for kindergarten to 7th grade. Parent-teachers may avail of school curricula, lesson plans, teacher-training, and instructional materials through DepEd accredited homeschooling programs. The cost for these programs is considerably less than most traditional private schools. Apart from this, other advantages of homeschooling are that it permits individualized instruction, saves travel time, and promotes family bonding. While there are concerns that children’s social interactions may be limited, this may be counteracted by planning activities involving other children.

Homeschooling means no pressure of learning all things. It is done at anytime, anywhere by the learner, mother or provider. For accreditation purposes a homeschooling clientele must go to the DepEd office for validation or he may choose to enroll in a recognized school of the Department of Education.

An open university utilizes open learning approaches in providing students with courses leading to a degree, certificate, or diploma. Internet technology and print materials are most often utilized, plus occasional face-to-face class sessions. While such an approach may limit social interaction, it is a viable alternative for working students, especially those living or working at some distance from the university. With the encouragement of the Commission on Higher Education (CHED), an increasing number of state and private institutions have been offering such programs since the 1990s.

Homeschooling programs in the Philippines

While any parent who is a college graduate may instruct his or her children, many parents prefer to make use of foreign or local homeschooling packages to facilitate their teaching. Some Philippine homeschooling programs include the following:

Open university programs in the Philippines

A great variety of degree, non-degree, certificate, and diploma courses are offered through open universities in the Philippines, most of which are divisions of state universities. The open university programs in the Philippines include the following:

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