Filipinos of Spanish descent
|Filipinos of Spanish descent|
| Manuel Luis Quezon · Andrés Bonifacio|
(roughly 40%-45% of the Philippine population)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Cebu, Metro Manila, Laoag, Zamboanga Peninsula, Iloilo, Bacólod and Davao|
|Spanish, Chabacano, Tagalog, Visayan languages, other Philippine languages, Filipino, English,|
|Related ethnic groups|
Hispanics, Austronesians, Spaniards, and Mexicans
Filipinos descended partly from Austronesians on the one hand and from Spaniards on the other are generally referred to as Spanish mestizos (Spanish: mestizos españoles, Filipino: mestisong Kastila, Kastilaloy); these comprise the majority of the Spanish-descended population.
Filipinos of Spanish descent are usually distinguished physically from other Philippine ethnic groups by their appearance, possessing slightly rounder eyes and aquiline nose structures, compared to those of other Filipinos. Bone structures and skin color varies as Filipinos of Spanish descent are Mediterranean or Latin American in physique, and other Filipinos tend to have more oriental characteristics.
Most Spanish mestizos living in the Philippines emigrated to Spain, Latin America, or the United States, following World War II and during the Marcos regime. Today, Filipinos of Spanish descent can mostly be found in Metro Manila, Central Luzón, the Visayas, Davao and the Zamboanga Peninsula where Chabacano (a form of Creole/Pidgin Spanish) is spoken.
Language and culture
Filipinos of Spanish descent living in the Philippines mostly speak Tagalog and their respective regional languages (mostly Cebuano in regions like Cebu, Davao, and Zamboanga peninsula), Ilonggo (Iloilo and Bacolod), Ilocano, and Spanish Creole, Chabacano) in everyday discourse, while using English in the public sphere. Many, particularly those of older generations, have preserved Spanish as the spoken language of the home.
Filipinos of Spanish descent currently constitute the great majority of both the upper and middle classes and rarely intermingle with those outside their ethnic group. Many are either in politics or are high-ranking executives of commerce and industry, entertainment and sporting ranks. Most elite Filipino family dynasties, political families and the elite clans are of Spanish origin. A number of Filipinos of Spanish descent are also found in the lower classes.
According to a recent survey, the number of Spanish citizens in the Philippines regardless of ethnolinguistic affiliation was about 16,300, excluding Philippine citizens of Spanish descent which are 40-45% of Philippine polulation. Spaniards are referred to as Kastila from the name Castile. The vast majority are Andalusians, while a minority are Catalans or Basques.
Prominent Filipinos of Spanish descent
For a list of prominent or noteworthy Filipinos of Spanish descent, see Category:Filipinos of Spanish descent.
- Filipinos of Mexican descent
- Filipino mestizo
- Spanish language in the Philippines
- Tornatrás, the now-unused Spanish-era term term referring to mestizos of Spanish and Chinese ancestry
- Principalía, the ruling class during the Spanish era in the Philippines, comprised mainly of Austronesians and European mestizos
- Examination of ancestry and ethnic affiation using high information
- Spanish mestizos in the Philippines, photos from AsiaFinest
- Color Q World: Asian-Latino Intermarriage in the Americas
Template:Hispanics/Latinosit:Filippini di discendenza spagnola