Felipe Padilla de Leon

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Felipe Padilla de Leon

Felipe Padilla de Leon (1912-1992) was a major Philippine composer, conductor, and scholar. He was known best for translating the lyrics of the Philippine National Anthem from the original Spanish to Tagalog. A recepient of numerous awards and honors, he was posthumously named National Artist of the Philippines for music in 1997. He was married to Iluminada Bonus Mendoza and the father of six equally gifted and musical children: (in order of birth) Felipe Mendoza de Leon, Bayani de Leon, Tagumpay de Leon, Luningning de Leon-Carbonell, Magdangal de Leon and Marilag de Leon-Mendoza.

Contents

Career

Felipe Padilla de Leon was born in Peñaranda, Nueva Ecija on May 1, 1912. He was educated in Manila and the United States. He taught in various schools in the capital city. He became conductor of Banda Malaya No. 1 of Taytay, Rizal.

He was known for Filipinizing western music forms. He was a prodigious composer: for orchestra, Mariang Makiling Overture (1939), Roca Encantada (1950), Maynila Overture (1976), Orchesterstuk (1981); for choral music, Ako'y Pilipino, Lupang Tinubuan, and Ama Namin. De Leon wrote his famous piece "Payapang Daigdig" the morning after he woke up to the destruction of the city of Manila during World War II.He also wrote the classic songs Bulaklak, Alitaptap, Mutya ng Lahi and the kundiman Sarong Banggi. He also composed the first full-length Filipino opera, Noli Me Tangere, and subsequently El Filibusterismo. Many Martial Law babies recall singing his patriotic song " Bagong Lipunan" immediately after the national anthem.

De Leon not only took Filipino music seriously. He made every effort to keep music traditions alive, even in small towns. Hagonoy.com reported: "Sometime in the 1950's, a stranger named Prof. Felipe Padilla de Leon walked in this barrio and formed the Hagonoy Banda Malaya brass band. 'I am walking the history or re-enacting it,' Padilla claimed. 'Next time around, my eyes are on the brass band.'" Hagonoy.com Thus began his fruitful and happy relationship with the historic town.

De Leon also wrote and lectured extensively on Philippine music and culture. He wrote as a columnist of the Manila Times, Taliba, and others. He toured Himig ng Lahi, which he founded as a performing group with a lecture-concert format throughout the US and the Philippines. He established the Filipino Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers, Inc. (FILSCAP) and united all the bands of the Philippines with Pambansang Samahan ng mga Bandas sa Pilipinas (PASAMBAP).

Legacy

Felipe Padilla de Leon is remembered as one of the prime exponents of nationalism in Philippine music. He gave the Philippines two fully-written grand operas: Noli Me Tangere in 1957 and the sequel El Filibusterismo in 1970.

He was conferred various awards and distinctions including the Republic Cultural Heritage Award, Doctor of Humanities from UP, Rizal Pro-Patria Award, Presidential Award of Merit, Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan Award from the City of Manila, among others.

On December 8, 1997 De Leon was posthumously conferred by President Fidel V. Ramos the highest honor a Filipino artist can receive, the National Artist Award for music. He is still considered the most prolific composer in Philippine music.

The Felipe Padilla de Leon High School in Nueva Ecija was named after him.


Compositions

  1. 11th South East Asian Games March
  2. A Christmas Hymn
  3. Adios Reina del Cielo
  4. Aeit ng Kaaghamang Pambansa
  5. Aiiiparo
  6. Ako’y Pilipino
  7. Ala-ala Kita sa Aking Pagtulog
  8. Alay ng Kabataan
  9. Alay ng Puso
  10. Alitaptap
  11. Ama Namin
  12. Aming Diyos na Nasa Langit
  13. Anak ng Dalita
  14. Ang Ating Kahapon
  15. Ang Bagong Pilipino
  16. Ang Binata
  17. Ang Hardinero
  18. Ang Karomata
  19. Ang Lahi Ko’y Dakila
  20. Ang Munti Kong Pipit
  21. Ang Orasan
  22. Ang Otomobil
  23. Ang Paru-paro
  24. Ang Watawat
  25. Ang Wika
  26. Apat na Binata (band) for 4 cornets
  27. Asian Film Festival Hymn
  28. Aso’t Pusa
  29. Ave Maria
  30. Awit ng Baging Republika
  31. Awit ng Bagong Pilipinas
  32. Awit ng Bayan Kay Laurel
  33. Awit ng Bayan Kay Magsaysay
  34. Awit ng Buhay (symphonic dram for baritone and orchestra)
  35. Awit ng Bulakan
  36. Awit ng Catholic Women’s League
  37. Awit ng Class 35
  38. Awit ng CLO (Congress of Labor Org.)
  39. Awit ng Gabi ni Sisa
  40. Awit ng Hardinero
  41. Awit ng Kabataang Maynila
  42. Awit ng Kutabato
  43. Awit ng Lungsod Quezon
  44. Awit ng Magdaragat
  45. Awit ng Magsasaka (Land Reform March)
  46. Awit ng Manggagawa
  47. Awit ng Marikina
  48. Awit ng Maynila
  49. Awit ng MISCA (Manila Int’l. Sister Cities Assoc.)
  50. Awit ng NEPA
  51. Awit ng Nueba Esiha
  52. Awit ng Pag-ibig
  53. Awit ng Paglikha ng Bagong Pilipinas
  54. Awit ng Pahatirang Koreo
  55. Awit ng PMA (Phil. Medical Assoc.)
  56. Awit ng Pulisyang Pambansa
  57. Awit ng Samahang 31 (Club 31)
  58. Awit ng Serbisyo Sibil
  59. Awit ng TANIW (Taliban g Inang Wika)
  60. Awit Pampurok
  61. Backbone of the Nation
  62. Bagong Lipunan (Hymn of the New Society)
  63. Bagong Pagsilang (March of the New Society)
  64. Baguio Gen. Hospital March
  65. Bahay Kubo
  66. Bakit
  67. Bakit Aking Giliw
  68. Balitaw
  69. Banner of Victory
  70. Bantig ng Watawat
  71. Banyuhay
  72. Basang Sisiw
  73. Bataan
  74. Bonifacio
  75. Bonifacio March
  76. Boy Scout Jamboree
  77. Boy Scout Marches
  78. Buklod ng Pag-ibig
  79. Bulakan March
  80. Bulaklak
  81. Bulaklak ng Lahi
  82. By the Riverside
  83. Calungcaguin March
  84. Canyan ang Pagsinta
  85. Children’s Polka
  86. Chioco March
  87. Comparisons
  88. Concerto for Flute and Orchestra
  89. Concerto for Violin and Orchestra
  90. Country Dance
  91. Cry of Balintawak
  92. Dahil Kay Balagtas
  93. Dakilain Ang Paggawa
  94. Dalawang Puso
  95. Dalawa’t Saka Dalawa (band) for 2 cornets and 2 trombones
  96. Damit ni Inday
  97. Dance Caprice
  98. Dancing Butterflies
  99. Dapit-Hapon sa Loob ng Maynila
  100. Dasal ng Pag-ibig
  101. Day-Atiw ng Kalibapi
  102. Divertimento Filipino
  103. Dona Rosario Prieto March
  104. El Filibusterismo (opera)
  105. Fantasy for Four Flutes and Percussions
  106. Fantasy for Trombone
  107. Fernando Lopez March
  108. Filipinas
  109. Filipiniana
  110. Flower Polka
  111. Gandang Tagalog
  112. Garcia March
  113. Gavotte
  114. GCAA March
  115. Gen. De Jesus Academy
  116. Gen. Jesus Academy Hymn
  117. Gen. McArthur March
  118. God Bless Our President
  119. God Bless Thee GNC
  120. Golden Jubilee March (Phil. Educ. Sys.)
  121. Gumamela
  122. Halika Giliw
  123. Halina (Invitational Song)
  124. Halina at Maglinis
  125. Happy Day
  126. Harana
  127. Himig Arsenal
  128. Hosana No.1
  129. Hosana No.2
  130. Hosana No.3
  131. Hymn to Rizal
  132. I Am But A Little Child
  133. IAEA March
  134. Iba’t-ibang Kulay
  135. IBP Processional March
  136. Ideal March
  137. Ika-Pitong Wika
  138. Ikaw at Ako Habang Buhay
  139. Ilang-ilang
  140. Imno Kay Mabini
  141. Imno ng Bagong Republika
  142. Independence Day Hymn
  143. Intermezzo
  144. Isa, Dalwa, Tatlo
  145. Isa’t Saka Isa (band) for 2 flutes or 2 Bb clarinets
  146. Jolly Boys
  147. Jose Fabella March
  148. Julie
  149. Kababaihan ng Bansa
  150. Kabataang Kalibapi
  151. Kapayapaan (Reunion for Peace)
  152. Kapritso
  153. Kay Selya
  154. Kay Tamis ng Buhay
  155. Kay Villegas Kami
  156. KKP March (Kawani ng Pamahalaan)
  157. Kredo
  158. Kundiman
  159. Kundiman (violin solo)
  160. Kundiman ng Buhay
  161. Laurel March
  162. Legarda Elementary School March
  163. Leon
  164. Liberal Party March
  165. Little Etude
  166. Little March 1 & 2
  167. Little March No.3
  168. Little Waltz
  169. Lullaby
  170. Luningning
  171. Lupang Tinubuan
  172. Lydia
  173. Mabuhay Ang Pilipino
  174. Macapagal March
  175. Mag-Ibigan
  176. Magandang Juaning
  177. Magandang Pasko Po
  178. Magdiwang
  179. Magiliw
  180. Magplano ng Pamilya
  181. Magtanim Ay Di Biro
  182. Magtulungan (Official Song of the Labor Mgmt. Congress)
  183. Mahal Ko Ang Aking Bayan
  184. Maligaya
  185. Manila Health Dept. March
  186. Manila Overture
  187. Manila Sacramento
  188. Manila Sketches
  189. Manila Surety March
  190. Manila Waltz
  191. Manila Yokohama
  192. Manuel L. Quezon
  193. March of the Planters
  194. Mariang Makiling Overture
  195. Marikina Hymn
  196. Mariquit
  197. Martsa ng Bagong Simuno
  198. Martsa ng Estibador
  199. Martsa ng Kalusugan
  200. Martsa ng Kasarinlan
  201. Martsa ng mga Tiyanak
  202. Martsa ng Republika ng Pilipinas
  203. Martsa ng St. Paul Coll.
  204. Masagana 99
  205. Masayang Umaga
  206. May Waltz
  207. Mayumi
  208. Mga Anak ng Pilipinas
  209. Mga Himig ng Aking Bayan
  210. Mga Katutubong Tanawin
  211. Minuet
  212. Moonlight in the Philippines
  213. Mountain Dance
  214. Muntawit (song sonnet of 14 little poems)
  215. Munting Balse
  216. Musikong Bumbong
  217. Mutya ng Lahi
  218. My Little Rooster
  219. My Love
  220. Nang Kapanahunan Ko
  221. National Heroes Day
  222. New Year Song
  223. Night Dreams (chamber for violin, violoncello, and piano)
  224. Noche Buena
  225. Noli Me Tangere
  226. Pilipinas!
  227. O! Pag-ibig
  228. O, Alma Mater, G.N.C.
  229. Offering
  230. Orchesterstruck
  231. Pagbabayo
  232. Pagtatanim
  233. Pamantasang Mahal
  234. Pambungad (band)
  235. Panata ng Puso
  236. Pangasinan Educator’s March
  237. Paruparong Bukid
  238. Pasko Na
  239. Pasko Na Naman
  240. Patrona del Bicol
  241. Payapang Daigdig
  242. Penaranda Hymn
  243. Penaranda, Bayang Hirang
  244. Philippine College of Commerce and Business Administration Hymn
  245. Philippine Polka
  246. Philippine Rural March
  247. Philippines for the Filipinos
  248. Philippines Forever March
  249. Pilipinas
  250. Pilipinas Ang Bayan Ko
  251. Pilipinas Pa Rin
  252. Pio Pedrosa March
  253. Poem
  254. Polkanina
  255. Pretty Doll
  256. Puyat March
  257. Recto March
  258. Rhapsodietta for Trumpet and Percussions
  259. Roca Encantada
  260. Sa Bukid
  261. Sa Gabing Mapanglaw
  262. Sa Iyong Ikaanimnapu
  263. Sa Iyong Pagsilang
  264. Sa Kabataang Pilipino
  265. Sa Mga Bayani ng Lahi
  266. Sa Nayon Ko
  267. Salcedo March
  268. Sampaguita
  269. Sapagkat Mahal Kita
  270. SAPILNIP March
  271. Sarung Banggi
  272. Sayaw ng Igorot
  273. Serenade
  274. Serenity
  275. Si Marcos Ang Kailangan
  276. Si Rizal Ang Sagisag
  277. Skipping Time
  278. Song of the Bamboo
  279. Song of the IFAWPCA
  280. Song of the Rotary Anns
  281. Song Without Words
  282. South East Asian Games Hymn
  283. St. Agnes Hymn
  284. Subido March
  285. Sumikat Ang Bagong Araw
  286. Sumilang na Isang Dukha
  287. Sunset in Manila Bay
  288. Tagumpay
  289. Tanging Ikaw
  290. Tantum Ergo No. 1
  291. Tantum Ergo No. 2
  292. Tatlong Dalaga
  293. Tatlong Martir
  294. Tatlong Tunog Larawan
  295. Tayo Na
  296. Tayo’y Magsayaw
  297. Tayo’y Magtanim (Green Revolution Song)
  298. The 22nd Battalion Combat Team
  299. The Chase
  300. The Colonel
  301. The Cotton Planters
  302. The ICIIPER Song
  303. The INA March (Ilocano National Association)
  304. The Light Has Set Us Free (Phil. Educ. Sys. Jubilee Song)
  305. The Maharlika Song (Toastmasters Club)
  306. The San Miguel Hymn
  307. The Tartiaraw March
  308. The United Nations March
  309. To a Flower
  310. To St. Luke
  311. Tower Award March
  312. Trombonitis
  313. Tuba
  314. U.E. Hymn
  315. U.P. Alumni March
  316. Ulan, Ulan
  317. Unified Systems
  318. University of the East Hymn
  319. Up and Down
  320. Valencia March
  321. Valse Mazurka
  322. Vicar of Christ
  323. Waltzing in the Meadow
  324. Wastong Pagkain Ang Kailangan
  325. We Greet You, Manila Lions
  326. Welcome to the Philippines
  327. Zonta Blessing


References

  • A Filipino Nationalist and his Music by Jorge B. Osit
  • Samson, Helen F. Contemporary Filipino Composers. Quezon City: Manlapaz Publishing Company, 1976.

External Links

"Cultural Heritage - Home." globalpinoy. http://www.globalpinoy.com/ch/ch_nationalartists_sub.php?name=Felipe%20Padilla%20de%20Leon%20(1912-1992)&category=Music] (accessed on 17 July 2007)

Hagonoy.com on musical traditions

Felipe Padilla de Leon Foundation website

Citation

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