Espanya y Filipinas
España y Filipinas (Spain and the Philippines) 248.92 x 80.64 cm. 1890. Lopez Memorial Museum and Library.
A painting by Juan Luna y Novicio done in oil on a tall and narrow canvas, this is also known as La Madre España guiando a su hija Filipinas en el camino del progreso (Mother Spain Guiding the Philippines on the Road to Progress). Showing "Mother Spain" escorting "Daughter Philippines" up a staircase, it is an allegory that suggests the possibility of Philippine progress with the assistance of Spain.
- Pilar, S.A. "España y Filipinas". In CCP Enclyclopedia of Philippine Art, 1st ed., Vol. 4, 239. Philippines: CCP Publications Office, 1994.