Encarnacion A. Alzona

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Dr. Encarnacion A. Alzona

Encarnacion A. Alzona (March 23, 1895-March 13, 2001) was the first woman Ph.D. holder in the Philippines and a distinguished National Scientist. She was also a known historian and mentor to a generation of other historians and a professor of history at the University of the Philippines. She was also a writer. Some of her historical writings have already become classics, particularly the book, "A History of Education in the Philippines."


Early life

Encarnacion was the eldest daughter of Cayo Alzona, a judge of the Court of First Instance and Emilia Amoranta, both from Biñan, Laguna. She finished her high school in Tayabas and was enrolled at the Colegio of Santa Isabel for two years until she transferred to to the University of the Philippines where she finished her Bachelor of Science in Education, major in history.


  • 1913-1918 B.S., M.A. in University of the Philippines with a thesis entitled "The Development of the School Education of Women in the Philippines"
  • 1920 A.M, at Radcliffe College, Harvard University
  • 1922 Ph.D. at Columbia University

Awards and recognition

  • Lone Prize (1954) awarded by the Congress de Hispanistas de Filipinas for her El Legado de Espana a Filipina
  • Apolinario Mabini Centennial Award (1964)
  • Rizal Centennial Award (1961)
  • Republic Cultural Heritage Award for historical writing (1966)
  • Rizal Pro Patria Medal of the Republic of the Philippines (1971)
  • National Scientist (1985)




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