Eastern Visayas

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Region VIII


Regional center Tacloban City, Leyte
Population 3,610,355
– Density 168.5 per km²
Area 21,431.6 km²
Provinces 6
Cities 7
Municipalities 136
Barangays 4,390
Cong. districts 12
Languages Waray-Waray

Eastern Visayas is one of the regions of the Philippines and is designated as Region VIII. It consists of six provinces, namely, Biliran, Eastern Samar, Leyte, Northern Samar, Samar and Southern Leyte. These provinces occupy the easternmost islands of Visayas: Leyte, Samar and Biliran. The regional commercial and trade center is Tacloban City while government center is Palo, Leyte.


Cultural Groups

Region VIII is inhabited by the Warai, the country’s fourth largest cultural linguistic group. But Cebuanos, from the nearby island of Cebu live in Ormoc City.


The region receives heavy rainfall throughout the year with no pronounced dry season.

Land Use

Eastern Visayas is primarily an agricultural region with rice, corn, coconut, sugarcane and banana as major crops. Its total land area is 21,431.7 sq. kms. 52% of its total land area are classified as forestland and 48% as alienable and disposable land.

Natural Resources

The region’s sea and inland waters are rich sources of salt and fresh water fish and other marine products. It is one of the fish exporting regions of the country.

There are substantial forest reserves in the interiors of the islands. Its mineral deposits include chromite, nickel, clay, coal, limestone, pyrite and sand and gravel.

It has abundant geothermal energy and water resources to support the needs of medium and heavy industries.


Primary sources of revenue are manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade and services. Mining, farming, fishing and tourism contribute significantly to the economy Manufacturing firms include mining companies, fertilizer plants, sugar central, rice and corn mills and other food processing plants. Cebu is the hub of investment, trade and development in the region.

Other industries include mining, rice, corn and sugar milling, coconut oil extraction, alcohol distilling, beverage manufacture and forest products. Home industries include hat and basket weaving, metal craft, needlecraft, pottery, ceramics, woodcraft, shell craft and bamboo craft.

Political Divisions

Province Capital Population
Pop. density
(per km²)
Ph seal biliran.png Biliran Naval 140,274 555.4 252.6
Ph seal eastern samar.png Eastern Samar Borongan City 375,822 4,339.6 86.6
Ph seal leyte.png Leyte Tacloban City 1,592,336 5,712.8 278.7
Ph seal northern samar.png Northern Samar Catarman 500,639 3,498.0 143.1
Ph seal samar.png Samar Catbalogan City 641,124 5,591.0 114.7
Ph seal southern leyte.png Southern Leyte Maasin City 360,160 1,734.8 207.6

Capital Cities and Towns in Eastern Visayas

Other Major Cities


Waray-Waray is spoken on the island of Samar, Biliran and the province of Leyte.

Original Source

Original content from Wikipedia under GNU Free Documentation License. See full disclaimer.