Department of Science and Technology
From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
|Department of Science and Technology|
|Undersecretaries|| Fortunato Dela Pena|
Amelia P. Guevara
Carol M. Yorobe
|Address||Gen. Santos Avenue, Bicutan, Taguig City, Philippines|
|Contact Numbers||(02) 837 2071 to 82|
The Department of Science and Technology (Kagawaran ng Agham at Teknolohiya), more popularly known as the DOST, is an executive department of the Philippine Government responsible for providing direction and coordination to all activities in the country related to science and technology. The country's premier science body is also tasked to formulate policies and programs that will contribute to the overall national development. The DOST is currently headed by Secretary Estrella F. Alabastro.
During Carlos P. Garcia's presidency, the government commissioned Frank Co Tui to survey the state of science and technology in the Philippines. Tiu was a Filipino doctor and professor who has made a name in the field of medical research in the US. After Tiu's assessment and recommendation, the Congress passed the Science Act of 1958, a bill seeking to integrate and intensify scientific development in the country, to foster invention, and more importantly to provide funds for such activities. The bill also created the National Science Development Board (NSDB), the government's arm on all science matters. Consequently, NSDB's chairman would be the president's science and technology adviser.
In 1982, under the Marcos administration, the NSDB was renamed the National Science and Technology Authority (NSTA). The revamp, through the underlying modifications to the agency's functions, gave the NSTA broader policy-making and program implementing functions.
The science body was elevated to cabinet status during the Aquino administration and was renamed the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) on January 30, 1987. Its functions were broadened for it to be able to support local scientific efforts, develop technological self-reliance, and promote public and private sector awareness in the sciences.
 Attached institutions
To help further develop the field of science and technology in the country, the Philippine government established the following councils, institutes, and advisory bodies under the DOST:
- Philippine Council for Industry and Energy Research and Development (PCIERD)
- Philippine Council for Aquatic and Marine Research and Development (PCAMRD)
- Philippine Council for Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Resources Research and Development (PCARRD)
- Philippine Council for Advanced Science and Technology Research and Development (PCASTRD)
- Philippine Council for Health Research and Development (PCHRD)
 Service Institutes
- Advanced Science and Technology Institute (ASTI)
- Industrial Technology Development Institute (IDTI)
- National Computer Center (NCC)
- Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA)
- Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS)
- Philippine Science High School System (PSHS)
- Science Education Institute (SEI)
- Science and Technology Information Institute (STII)
- Technology Application and Promotion Institute (TAPI)
 Advisory Bodies
- National Academy of Science and Technology (NAST)
- National Research Council of the Philippines (NRCP)