Davao City

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City of Davao
Ph seal davaocity.png
Ph locator davao del sur davao.png
Region Davao Region (Region XI)
Province Davao del Sur
Mayor Inday Sara Duterte (PDP-Laban)
Barangays 182
Website www.davaocity.gov.ph
Physical characteristics
Area 2,444 km²
Total (2000) 1,147,116
Density 469/km²

Davao City (in Filipino: Lungsod ng Dabaw; in Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Davao) is one of the most important cities in the Philippines. The city served as the capital of the island of Mindanao since its the center of growing trade, commerce, and services in Southern Philippines.


Geographic/ Demographic Information

The city is the capital of Region XI or the Southern Mindanao region of the Philippines. It is bounded by the province of Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur while partly on the east it faces the expanse of the Davao Gulf and the Island Garden City of Samal. It is boundary line passes through the peak of the country’s tallest mountain, the Apo at 3,142 meters above sea level. Cascading from the peak and going east down, are the vast plains, unspoiled forests, fertile valleys, navigable rivers, and the growing metropolis and the beaches. The city is typhone-free and soil is very fertile, rich in minerals which is favorable to agri-crop production. Its tropical weather is characterized by even distribution of climatic elements all year round with temperature that ranges from 15 to 34˚C. All kinds of fruits and agirculture products are the major trade of the city for the local and global market.

It is one of the world's largest cities in terms of land area, occupying 2,443.61 square kilometers. In terms of land area it is the largest city in the Philippines and is also one of the largest cities in the Philippines in terms of population, which ranked fourth according to the 2000 census. Davao City has a resident population of over one million (which is 1,147,116 persons according to 2000 population census), with about 2 million people present during daylight hours. It the only urbanized city outside the NCR that has over one million population.

Its location in the Asia-Pacific edge serves as gateway to both the western and eastern hemispheres of the world thus it has one of the busiest international airport and seaport in the Southern Philippines. It has conducive accessiblity and linkage to millions of market in Mindanao and East ASEAN Growth Area. The presence of top companies and investors shows the sprawling industrial and service industries of the city.


A community of Bagobos, Mandayas, B’laan, Mansakas, Manobos, Atas, Tagacaolos, Guiangan and the Moros found by the Spaniards in 1848 which was named Nueva Vergara. A military government was established and it was named the fourth district of Mindanao in 1858 and became known by its native name Davao. A military administration was established during the American occupation when they came in 1890. The potential of Davao in agricultural development was seen. The place was also a home to Japanese migrant workers who contributed much to the economic advancement of Davao through the development of vast abaca plantations used in the processing of hemp and other agricultural products. A bill making Davao a chartered city was sponsored by Assemblyman Romualdo C. Quimpo of Davao in 16 March 1936 and it was signed by President Manuel L. Quezon on 16 October 1936. The battle of the Philippines against Japanese in 1941 made the Davaoeño trade inactive. Living was normal after cruelties of the Japanese. It has became more progressive with its industries sucha as logging, copra, banana, corn, abaca, ramie, mining, and fishing. Banana production also took over as a leading product of Davao City. Due to the conducive business climate of the city, a lot of investments raise its economic developments.

System of Governance

The city is also one of several cities in the Philippines that are independent of any province though it is often grouped with Davao del Sur for statistical purposes. Its city government serves as the local government authority for Davao City guided by the principles, mandates, laws, rules and regulations stated under the 1987 Philippine Constitution. It enjoys certain autonomy in running the affairs of the City, under the Local Government Code of 1991.


Titles of Davao City

  • Orchid Capital of the Philippines
  • Fruit Basket of the Philippines- the City of Durian burg
  • Home of the Great Bird of Asia –Soaring high in the new millennium
  • Convention Center of the Philippine South in the 21st century
  • Gateway to the East ASEAN


  • Mt. Apo - a mountain range extending from North Cotabato, Davao del Sur and Davao City to Agusan del Sur and Misamis Oriental in Northern Mindanao.
  • Shrine of the Holy Infant Jesus of Prague - with an open air chapel with replicas of the Holy Infant Jesus of Prague and that of Our Lady of Fatima, magnificent views of fruit bearing trees and coconut plantation.
  • San Pedro Cathedral - Davao City's oldest church named after San Pedro, the patron saint of Davao.
  • The Philippine Eagle Nature Center
  • Pearl Farm Beach Resort - a world-class resort that was an actual pearl farm back in the 1970s
  • Crocodile Park - a home to locally bred crocodiles including the country’s biggest crocodile
  • Eden Nature Park - very popular mountain resort located some 40 min away from the city center. It is situated 3000 ft above sea level
  • Malagos Garden Resort - accredited wildlife farm, hosting butterflies, indigenous birds, and other wildlife species; a home to waling waling species in the world
  • People's Park - formerly the PTA Grounds, now includes attractions like different sculptural designs by Kublai Milan

Historical Sites

  • Battle Memorial A historical marker of the longest-fought battle between the troops of the American forces and of the Japanese Imperial Army
  • Camp Domingo Leonor Quarters of the Spanish and later American soldiers in the 1920s
  • Davao Museum
  • Davao Historical Society Museum
  • Fort of Datu Bago
  • Japanese Museum features historical accounts of the Japanese community residing in Davao before and during the war including their tools which they used in the abaca plantations, currencies, publications, among others
  • Osmeña Park the site of the settlement of the early Davaoeños

Business in Davao City

Future Developments

Future developments in the city include the construction of 2 new malls, the Abreeza (Ayala Corporation and Anflocor partnership) in Bajada; and the Robinson's Cybergate in Lanang. Also, Victoria Plaza Mall was allegedly bought by SM Prime Holdings, according to SM City Davao. In the future, Victoria Plaza Mall would be SM City North Davao.

There is a proposed Davao-IGACOS-Mati Bridge, to start construction in 2017. Its concept would be like the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, that will connect Davao City to the Island Garden City of Samal.

Notable people


Davao-centric Blogs



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