|Region||Central Visayas (Region VII)|
|Area|| 291.2 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 718,821|
Cebu City is the capital city of the province of Cebu, Philippines, where the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan first landed in 1521. It is known to be the first Christian city in the country and was the first capital of the Philippines<ref name="test1>Tourist Guide (accessed on January 21, 2008)</ref> (the current capital is Manila).
Cebu City is located on the central eastern part of Cebu Province, an island at the center of the Visayas in Southern Philippines. It is 10 degrees 17 minutes North Latitude and 123 degrees 54 minutes East Longitude. It is bound by Mandaue City in the North and the City of Talisay in the South. To its East is Mactan Channel and West of it are the Municipality of Balamban and the City of Toledo.
Cebu City is rugged and mountainous with an elevation of 900 meters above mean sea level. Plain lands are found on the shorelines occupying 8% of its total land area, containing 40 barangays and about 2/3 of its population.
B. Geology & Soil
Made up of structurally complex sedimentary and volcanic rocks that have undergone various degrees of metamorphism, Cebu City has three types of Soil:
- 1. Mandaue Silt, characterizing most of the coastal plains from Mandaue City to Minglanilla.
- 2. Faraon Clay, found in the middle part of the city .
- 3. Baguio Clay, found in the upland areas and the watersheds of Mananga and Kotkot-Lusaran.
C. Weather and Climate
These are determined by temperature, moisture and movement of air. The Philippines is within Tropical Climate Zone.
- Mean Annual Temperature: 26.50 'C
- Mean Highest Monthly Temperature: 34.80 'C
- Mean Lowest Monthly Temperature: 20.60 'C
- Coldest Month: January
- Warmest Month: May
- Relative Humidity:
- Average Relative Humidity: 75%
- Rainfall<ref name="test2>PAG-ASA (accessed on January 21, 2008)</ref>
- Average Annual Rainfall: 1,636.70 mm in the old Lahug Airport, and 1,609.70 in the Cebu Customs House area. Rainfall decreases from February to April and gradually increases from May to July.
The city experiences Northeast Wind (amihan) from November to May and Southwest Monsoon (habagat) from June to September. Typhoons usually come from October to December. The strongest typhoon that hit the city was Ruping, in 1990.
D. Land Cover Cebu City has residential, commercial, industrial, institutional, and agricultural areas.
E. Land Classification and Protection
28% of Cebu City is classified as 18% slope or less and 64% is classified as alienable and disposable. The rest is classified as forest and timberland.
76.3% of its land is covered under the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) while 23% of the 80 barangays are totally or partially located in the watershed areas.
Cebu City is also known as the Queen City of the South. In 1521, Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer under the flagship of Spain, arrived in the sleepy fishing village known to merchants as Sugbu, Zebu, Zubu, Sebu, Sibuy, etc. He had the people baptized and planted the city with a wooden cross, now known as the Magellan's Cross, Cebu's first symbol of Christianity.
In 1565, Don Legaspi and Fray Urdaneta ordered the building of the San Augustine Church, which is now called the Basilica Minore del Santo Niño, in honor of the first miraculous image of Señor Santo Niño.
One of the most unforgettable moments in Cebuano history is the granting of charter by virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 58 on February 24, 1937. The late Senator Vicente Rama helped as the author and sponsor of the bill. Elpidio Quirino, as the representative of Manuel Quezon, appointed the mayor and board members of Cebu City.
On April 10, 1942, Cebu City became the principal Japanese base and on March 1945, it finally became free as the American liberation landed in Talisay town. Liberation restored the law and order of the city as well as established its Philippine Civil Affairs Unit (PCAU).
In January 2007<ref name="test3">"ASEAN Summit message board." (accessed on January 21, 2008)</ref>, the 12th ASEAN Summit was held in the Cebu International Convention Center. It was attended by over 10,000 delegates from around the world. Cebu's local economy got a boost when the delegates spent at least US $200 per day, a hotel top executive surmised.
Planted in Cebu shores by Ferdinand Magellan in April 14, 1521, marking the spot where the first Catholic Christians - Rajah Humabon, Queen Juana and about 400 followers were baptized by Father Pedro de Valderama. Encased in hollow tindalo wood, it is now for centuries housed in a kiosk made of adobe wood and red-brick tiles. It is well visited by Cebuanos, and other Filipinos as well as by foreigners.
Fort San Pedro
This was built in 1738 and served as shelter for the Spaniards against the revolution organized by General Leon Kilat of Bacong, Negros Oriental.
It is located in Beverly Hills, Cebu City and houses the teachings of the 600 B.C. Chinese philiospher, Lao-tse. People climb its 99 steps to light joss sticks and have their fortunes read.
Strategically located between Fort San Pedro and the building that used to house the old Gobierno Provincial, it is now a favored spot for picnics and trysts. Dominated by the obelisk of Legaspi, Plaza Independencia is Cebu's most historically significant plaza.
Aside from being the only basilica in the Far East, it also is a museum by itself as it serves as a repository of beautiful religious images and oil paintings of Augustinian saints, martyrs and bishops that hang in the corridors of the convent. It was the former San Augustine Church built in April 28, 1565 by Don Legaspi and Fray Urdaneta. It houses the country's oldest religious image of the Miraculous Image of the Holy Child Jesus more popularly known as "SEÑOR SANTO NIÑO".
Known for being the Christian Capital of the Philippines, it is the host of the popular Sinulog Festival, held every third Sunday of January in honor of Santo Niño, the "Holy Child". The Sinulog is a dance ritual of pre-Spanish origin.
EconomyThe local economy of Cebu City is supported by trade, services, and tourism. Small and medium enterprises play a great role in the economy. It is also home to a number of national and international corporations some of which are homegrown. More than 80% of interisland vessels operating in the country are also based there. Recently, addition of business process outsourcing
(BPO) firms like call centers have contributed much to the growth of the local economy. These and the contributions of nearby cities like Mandaue have made Metro Cebu as the country's second most important economic center.
Being chartered, Cebu City's government is wholly independent from that of the province of Cebu. Registered voters of the city cannot vote for provincial candidates unlike its nearby counterparts (Mandaue, Lapu-Lapu, and Talisay cities) that form part of Metro Cebu. Having the provincial capitol in Cebu City makes it the capital of the province. There were proposals however during the time of Governor Lito Osmeña to create an "administrative district" that would be independent from Cebu City. This would literally mean carving out Cebu City's Barangay Capitol where the provincial capitol and other provincial offices are located.
Cebu City is governed mainly by city hall, composed of one mayor, one vice-mayor and sixteen councilors (eight representing the north and eight representing the south). Each official is elected publicly to 3-year terms. The day-to-day administration of the city is handled by a city administrator.
Cebu City is politically subdivided into 80 barangays. The chief of the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) also sits in the city council.
- North District :
- Hilario P. Davide III, Nestor D. Archival, Sr., Sylvan B. Jakosalem, Edgardo C. Labella, Christopher I. Alix, Lea Ouano-Japson, Edwin R. Jagmoc, Sr., Augustus G. Pe, Jr.
- South District :
- Rodrigo A. Abellanosa, Eduardo R. Rama, Jr., Gerardo A. Carillo, Arcenio C. Pacaña, Roberto A. Cabarrubias, Richard Z. Osmeña, Raul D. Alcoseba, Jose C. Daluz, III
- SK Chairman : Rengelle Pelayo
- List of television and radio stations in Cebu City
- Metro Cebu
- Notable Cebu City persons
- Cebu Event and Photos
- "Cebu City Homepage." (accessed on January 19, 2008).
- "12th ASEAN Summit." (accessed on January 21, 2008)
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code