Carlos P. Garcia

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For the municipality named after the president, see Pres. Carlos P. Garcia, Bohol.
Carlos P. Garcia
Philippine president garcia.jpg
8th President of the Philippines
4th President of the 3rd Republic
In office
March 23, 1957 (elected December 30, 1957) - December 30, 1961
Born November 4, 1896
Talibon, Bohol
Died June 14, 1971 (aged 74)
Bohol, Philippines
Spouse Leonila Dimataga

Carlos Polistico Garcia (November 4, 1896 – June 14, 1971) was the 8th president of the Philippines (1957-1961). His administration was known for its "Filipino First" policy, which put the interests of the Filipino people above those of foreigners and of the ruling party.


Early life and career

Garcia was born in Talibon, Bohol to Policronio Garcia and Ambrosia Polistico (who were both natives of Bangued, Abra). He grew up with politics, with his father serving as a municipal mayor for four terms.

Garcia acquired his primary education in his native Talibon, then took his secondary education in Cebu Provincial High School. He briefly took law courses at Silliman University in Dumaguete City. He then studied in Philippine Law School and earned his degree in 1923. He was among the top ten in the bar examination.

Rather than practice law right away, he worked as a teacher for two years at Bohol Provincial High School. He became famous for his poetry in Bohol, where he earned the nickname "Prince of Visayan Poets" and the "Bard from Bohol".

He started his political career in 1925, scoring an impressive victory running for congressman representing the third district of Bohol. He was elected for another term, but served only until 1931 when he successfully ran for governor of Bohol. He served as provincial governor for two terms. He became a member of the congress in 1946, and was elected three times to the senate for three consecutive terms from 1941 to 1953.


Garcia was the running mate of Ramon Magsaysay in the presidential election of 1953. He was appointed Secretary of Foreign Affairs by President Ramon Magsaysay, for four years concurrently serving as vice-president.


He assumed the presidency after Ramón Magsaysay died in a plane crash on March 17,1957, and was re-elected later the same year, in the Election 1957, for another full term.

During his administration, he acted on the Bohlen–Serrano Agreement which shortened the lease of the US Bases from 99 years to 25 years and made it renewable after every five years. He also exercised the Filipino First Policy, for which he was known. This policy heavily favored Filipino businessmen over foreign investors. He was also responsible for changes in retail trade which greatly affected the Chinese businessmen in the country.

At the end of his second term, he ran for re–election in the Election 1961 in November 1961, but was defeated by Diosdado Macapagal, who served as Vice-President under him, but belonged to the the opposing Liberal Party - in the Philippines the President and the Vice-President are elected separately.


The lone star in the Flag of Bohol represents Carlos P. Garcia

After his failed re–election bid, Garcia then retired to private life, living as a private citizen in Tagbilaran City, Bohol. On June 1, 1971, Garcia was elected delegate of the 1971 Constitutional Convention and chosen as its president. However, he died of a heart attack on June 14, 1971 at the age of seventy-four.

He is featured as the lone star in the Bohol provincial flag as the only Philippine President produced by the province. Another star shall be added for every Boholano who shall also become president of the Philippines.<ref>Bohol Flag and Seal Provincial Government of Bohol Retrieved 21 December, 2006.</ref>


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External links


Preceded by
Teodoro Abueva
Representative, 3rd Congressional District of Bohol
1925 - 1931
Succeeded by
Filomeno Caseñas Orbeta
Preceded by
Governor of Bohol
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Minority Leader of the Philippine Senate
Succeeded by
Ambrosio Padilla
Preceded by
Fernando Lopez
Vice President of the Philippines
Succeeded by
Diosdado Macapagal
Preceded by
Joaquin Elizalde
Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Raul Manglapus
Preceded by
Ramon Magsaysay
President of the Philippines
Succeeded by
Diosdado Macapagal
Preceded by
'Newly established' Preceded by the Philippine Commission for Preparatory Independence with its President Jose P. Laurel
President of the 1971 Constitutional Convention
Succeeded by
Diosdado Macapagal

Original Source

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