Carlos "Botong" Francisco

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{{#if: | {{#if: November 4, 1914 | }} {{#if: March 31, 1969 | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: Felipe Francisco
Maria Villaluz | }} {{#if: | }}
Carlos V. Francisco
Botong francisco.jpg

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Born November 4, 1914
Angono, Rizal, Manila
Died March 31, 1969
Spouse
Parents Felipe Francisco
Maria Villaluz
Other Name/s


Carlos V. Francisco was one of the greatest Filipino visual artists and muralists. He was posthumously recognized as a Philippine National Artist by the government in 1973. He was affectionately called "Botong" by his family and friends.

Contents

Early life and career

Francisco was born on November 4, 1914 in Angono, Rizal. His parents were Felipe Francisco and Maria Villaluz. His hometown featured prominently in his paintings and murals, and he commemorated many rural scenes and town folk in his composition.

Botong came from very humble beginnings. In the early years he struggled even to acquire canvases to paint on. Together with Galo Ocampo and Victorio C. Edades, he formed the first group of modernists in Philippine art called "The Triumvirate", which struggled to break free from the cliched traditionalism of realist art pioneered by Fernando Amorsolo.

He tried his hand at illustrating everything, even the lowly Pinoy komiks, illustrating the Tagalog classic Siete Infantes de Lara in 1948.

Artist's legacy

Francisco is known for his masterful landmark murals that were specially commissioned by Malacañang Palace, Manila City Hall, Philippine General Hospital, and Fort Santiago. In them he exhibited bold composition and daring juxtaposition of elements that showcased his mastery of anatomy and lush tropical color.

His masterpieces include "Fiesta" (mural) at Malacañang and its smaller study (Paulino and Hetty Que collection), "Code of Kalantiao" (private collection), "Blood Compact," "First Mass at Limasawa," "The Martyrdom of Rizal," "Magpupukot, Bayanihan sa Bukid," "Stations of the Cross" (Far Eastern University), "Sandugo," "The Invasion of Limahong," "Serenade," and "Muslim Betrothal."

Botong is also known for discovering the Angono Petroglyphs, which are considered the oldest prehistoric artwork. This paleolithic art consists of 127 human and animal figures that are estimated to date back to 3000 BC. Presidential Decree 260 was issued in 1996 and declared the petroglyphs a national cultural treasure. The National Museum established a museum on its site.

He was posthumously conferred the title National Artist of the Philippines in Visual Arts in 1973. He died on March 31, 1969, leaving a rich legacy and a new generation of followers. On November 4, 1975, the town of Angono, Rizal, held an exhibit titled "Gunita Kay Botong." The event became an annual institution and was widely followed to the point that Angono became the unofficial art capital of the Philippines.

Exhibition

An exhibit and book launch entitled Telling Modern Time: The Life and Art of Botong Francisco Coching was simultaneously held at the National Museum of the Filipino People on 11 December 2009. The exhibit, which features approximately 100 works by Botong and komiks writer and illustrator Francisco V. Coching, was curated by art scholar Patrick D. Flores, who also edited the books The Life and Art of Botong Francisco and The Life and Art of Francisco Coching.

List of works

Francisco's list of works per collection:

Ayala Museum

  • 500 Years of Philippine History (Study), 1952

National Library

  • 500 Years of Philippine History, 1953

Manila City Hall

  • Filipino Struggles Through History, 1964

ABS CBN/ Lopez Museum

  • Pageant of Commerce, 1956
  • Harana sa Batalan, undated and unfinished
  • Portrait of a Lady, undated

Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas

  • Harana, 1957
  • Sinigang, 1959
  • Valley, 1948

St. Paul College, Manila

  • Evolution of Philippine Culture, 1957

Paulino Que

  • Bayanihan (Study), 1962
  • Maria Makiling, 1960
  • Sinigang, 1955
  • Maria Makiling, 1947
  • Pilgrimage to Antipolo, 1960
  • Fiesta, 1946

Stanley Chan

  • Sungkaan, 1943

St. Dominic Savio Church

  • Crucifixion, 1960

UNILAB

  • Bayanihan, 1962

FEU

  • Stations of the Cross, 1956
  • Fluvial Parade, 1961

Helena Benitez

  • Pandanggo (?)

Esther Vibal

  • Kalantiao at Lubluban, 1946

UST

  • Pastoral, 1938
  • Harana, undated
  • Angelus, undated
  • Orasyon, undated
  • Ifugao Mother, 1949
  • Under the Mango Tree, 1938
  • Woman and the Boy Walking Against the Wind, 1938
  • Study for City Hall Mural, 1959
  • Give us this day, 1938
  • Filipina with Salakot, 1930
  • Mestiza Española #2, undated
  • Colegiala, undated
  • Filipina, undated
  • Untitled (June 12), 1969
  • Introduction of Christianity to the Philippines

Jaime Laya

  • Nagmamandala, 1940
  • Camote Eaters, 1969

National Museum

  • Dreamland, undated and unfinished
  • Lost in the Forest, undated
  • First Mass in the Philippines, 1965
  • Introduction of the First Christian Image, 1965

PGH

  • Progress of Medicine, 1953

Yuchengco Museum/RCBC Building

  • Bayanihan, 1961
  • Maria and Enrique Yuchengco, 1953
  • Courtship Ritual, 1937
  • Planting in the mountain, 1954
  • Blood Compact (Sandugo), 1964

Malacañan Palace

  • Muslim Feast, 1947
  • Pista sa Nayon, 1947
  • Blood Compact (Sanduguan), 1936

GSIS

  • Station of the Cross # 3
  • Station of the Cross # 5

Credit Manila

  • Tahanan, 1932
  • Nagluluto, 1933
  • Pastoral, 1933

Mr. and Mrs. Eduardo Cojuangco

  • Mag-Inang Namimingwit, 1935
  • Pounding Rice, 1949
  • Harana, undated
  • Mangingisda, undated
  • Raha Sulayman, 1966
  • Orasyon, undated
  • Katutubong Sayaw, 1966
  • Si Maganda, undated
  • Pilgrimage to Antipolo
  • Bonifacio
  • Man and woman in salakot
  • Man and woman dancing
  • Apat na Alas
  • Sandugo sketch
  • Flutist

Mrs. Imelda Marcos

  • Little Girl in Pink, 1940
  • Hunting, undated
  • Nose Flute Player, undated
  • Pasyal, undated
  • The Building, undated
  • Ang Magbubulig, undated
  • Camote Diggers, 1969
  • Ang Mangingisda, undated
  • Folk Dance, undated
  • Harana, undated
  • Ligawan, undated
  • Magbabayo, undated
  • Mangingisda, undated
  • Pastol, undated
  • Patanim, undated
  • Mutya ng Pasig, 1968
  • San Clemente, undated

Dr. Solita Camara-Besa

  • Cielito Lindo, 1949
  • Makagutom Hills, 1949
  • Kaingin, 1945
  • Santo Domingo Ruins
  • The Threshers, 1950

Mr. and Mrs. Neal H. Cruz

  • Kaingin, 1955
  • Islanders Coasting Talim, 1955
  • Merienda sa Bukid
  • San Clemente Fluvial Fiesta, 1955
  • Harana, 1950
  • Parol, 1950
  • Puto Bumbong, 1950
  • The Flight, 1950
  • View of a Convent No. 1 (Laguna?), 1950
  • View of a Convent No. 2 (Laguna?), 1950
  • View of a Convent No. 3 (Laguna?), 1950

UCPB

  • Marital Bliss, 1948
  • Tuba Harvest, 1948
  • Nanongan at Lam-ang, 1961
  • Wedding, 1962
  • Barikan
  • Moriones Festival, 1963

International Tobacco Corp.

  • Small Town Scenes, 1958-1959

Phil. Commercial Int'l Bank

  • Madonna of the Bamboos, 1962
  • Francisco Balagtas, 1964
  • Man Carrying a Shoulder Bag, 1963
  • Man Wearing a “Salakot”, 1963
  • Juego de Anillo, undated

DRB Marketing Corp.

  • The Language of Folk Dances, 1957-1960

Insular Life Assurance Corp.

  • Sa Pula, sa Puti, 1950

Juanito Cruz

  • The Critic, 1960

Don Bosco Technical College

  • Via Crucis, 1960

Maritess Pineda

  • Bayanihan, 1960
  • Camote-Pickers, 1960
  • Lovers Playing the Nose Flute, undated
  • Mariang Makiling, undated
  • The Flight to Egypt, undated

Sto. Domingo Church

  • The Life and Miracles of St. Dominic, 1954

Jose L. Guevarra

  • Balon ng Sta. Lucia, Taal, 1967
  • Taal, 1967
  • The Church of the Virgin of Kasaysay, 1968
  • Landscape, 1969

Leandro Locsin

  • Camote Eaters, 1946
  • Pilgrimage to Antipolo, 1960

Edilberto Bravo

  • Amihan, 1946

Jun Gonzales

  • Code of Kalantiao, 1947

Prudential Guarantee Assurance, Inc.

  • Hermana Mayor, 1959

Fort Santiago

  • Dr. Pio Valenzuela Visits Rizal in Dapitan as Emissary of Andres Bonifacio, 1960
  • The Execution of Dr. Jose P. Rizal, 1960

Eleuterio Pascual

  • Si Malakas at si Maganda, 1960
  • Flight to Egypt (?)
  • Phil. Folk dances
  • Lanterns
  • Four men
  • Sinigang
  • Mother and child (mountain)
  • Tahanan (?)
  • Costume design (woman)
  • Juan Tamad at Juan Masipag costume design
  • Costume design ( 2 men)
  • Costume design (woman)
  • Costume design (woman)
  • Costume design (woman)
  • Costume design (woman)
  • Costume design (man-Bruhilda's court)
  • Costume design (man)
  • Costume design (man)
  • Costume design (king)
  • Costume design (man)
  • Costume design (man)
  • Costume design (man)
  • Costume design (woman)
  • Costume design (woman)

Mr. and Mrs. Luis Yulo

  • Si Malakas at Si Maganda (Putok sa Buho), 1947

Arturo Rotor

  • Camote eaters, 1952

Dr. Gregorio Lim

  • Merienda, 1958

Loyola Life Plan

  • Muslim Betrothal,1958

Metropolitan Bank and Trust Company

  • Bayanihan, 1961

Mr. and Mrs. Jose Tupaz

  • Portrait: Jose J. Tupaz, 1963
  • Portrait: Mrs. Petronila C. Tupaz, 1962

Anding Roces

  • Portrait: Anding Roces, 1964

Antonio Tuazon

  • La Jota, 1962

Roman Cruz

  • Pinipig, 1969

Atty. Jose Francisco

  • Progress in Philippine Education, 1964

Mariano Lao

  • A Young Sultan, 1956

Severina Asis

  • Fluvial Festival, undated

Private Collection

  • The Flutist, 1939
  • Angelus, 1940
  • Gate of an Old Mansion, 1947
  • Wedding Scene, 1958
  • Gethsemane, 1958
  • Arrival of Our Lady of Antipolo, 1955
  • Young Girl, undated
  • Bangyad, 1956

Illustrations in Books and Periodicals

  • Orros, Agustin. “Sor Corazon de Jesus.”, (1937)
  • Concepcion, F. “Tragedias Anonimas.”, (1937)
  • Paguia, Benjamin. “Alma de Madre.”, (1937)
  • Escalante, Arturo V. “Paciong Tuba.”, (1938)
  • Pedroche, C.V. “Red Ants.”, (1938)
  • Castro, Fidel de. “The Prisoner.”, (1938)
  • Secam, Geronimo. “Of Man and A Maid.”, (1938)
  • Remel, Guillermo T. “The Silent Silent.”, (1938)
  • Alfon, Hector C. “Serenade to Dying Beggar.”, (1938)
  • Pestano, Pacita E. “Synopsis.”, (1938)
  • Ocampo, M. Garcia. “The Dead is Done.”, (1938)
  • Espinosa, Lazaro N. “On the Beach.”, (1938)
  • Daguio, Amador T. “The Dead.”, (1938)
  • Javier, A. “Barrio Maid.”, (1938)
  • Castro, Fidel de. “From 7 to 9.”, (1938)
  • Neri, Pureza. “So This the End.”, (1938)
  • Laya, Juan C. “Ashes.”, (1938)
  • Gonzales, Nestor Vicente Madali. “The Return and The Hill.”, (1938)
  • Pestano, Pacita E. “The Women.”, (1938)
  • Tagarao, Silvestre. “The Mating of Molong.”, (1938)
  • Locsin, Teodoro M. “Drought.”, (1938)
  • Castro, Fidel de. “Elopement.”, (1938)
  • Pestano, Pacita E. “Take this Modern Instance.”, (1938)
  • Ocampo, Hernando R. “Rainbow Around the Moon.”, (1938)
  • Locsin, Teodoro M. “Meeting the Dusk.”, (1938)
  • Alfon, Estrella D. “Shut the Door.”, (1938)
  • Arcellana, Francisco. “Alleluia.”, (1938)
  • Buenafe, Manuel. “Green Hills Beckoning.”, (1938)
  • Paredes, Elena. “Peace.”, (1938)
  • Pestano, Pacita E. “Bleak Star, Bright Star.”, (1938)
  • Laya, Juan C. “Tomorrow and Tomorrow.”, (1939)
  • "Christmas 1947.”, (1947)
  • "Cry of Balintawak.", (1949)
  • “Angono's Religious Life.”, (1955)
  • “Betrothal in Pagan Panay.”, (1957)
  • “How Malays Came to Panay: Maragtas.”, (1957)
  • “Paalam.”, (1958)
  • Lanot, Serafin. “Songs of the Brown Man.”, (1960)
  • “San Clemente Pagoda.”, (1961)
  • Men and Women in Botong Paintings., (1961)
  • “Preparing for Christmas.”, (1961)
  • Nuguid, Nati. “The 'Aswang' and Other Creatures of Philippine Lower Mythology.”, (1972)
  • “The Knight on a Carabao.”, (1974)
  • Medina, BS Jr. “Early Rhymes, Riddles and Rites.”, (1974)
  • Manuel. E. Arsenio. “Epics are for Singing.”, (1976)
  • Filipino Heritage., (1978)

Other works (triumvirate)

  • Rising Philippines, 1935
  • Ceiling mural
  • Music, 1935
  • Mother Nature
  • The Hunt

External Links

Citation

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