|Region||Northern Mindanao (Region X)|
|Area|| 238 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 74,232|
Geography and Climate
Camiguin has a total land area of 238 square kilometers, comprising only 2% of Region X. It lies 10 km off the coast of Misamis Oriental and 90 km north of Cagayan de Oro city. It is bounded on the north by Bohol Sea, on the west by Macajalar Bay, on the southeast by Gingoog Bay, and on the east by Butuan Bay.
Camiguin's topography is mostly shaped by its volcanic origin. Currently there are still active volcanoes, including Mount Hibok-Hibok (1250 m), which last erupted in 1953. Other volcanoes include Mount Timpoong (1,580 m), Mount Mambajao (1,420 m), and Mount Vulcan (671 m).
The island generally has good climate with seasonal rain showers. There is good weather from April to June while coolest season is from November to January.
Camiguin province is divided into five municipalities:
- Municipality of Mambajao
- Municipality of Mahinog
- Municipality of Sagay
- Municipality of Guisiliban
- Municipality of Catarman
According to the National Statistics Office, the total population of the island reached 74, 232 in the year 2000, making it the second smallest in the country in terms of population.
Kamagong, a tree of the ebony family that thrives near Lake Mainit in the province of Surigao del Norte, is where Camiguin derives it name from. The original inhabitants of the island were Manobos who migrated from Surigao. Their original language is called Kinamiguin, similar to that of the dialect spoken in Surigao.
The first Spanish settlement in Camiguin was established in Guinsiliban in 1598. Guinsiliban comes from an old Kinamiguin dialect which means "to look out for pirates from a watchtower." This Spanish watchtower used to look out for Muslim pirates still stands in the area. This settlement only became a municipality in 1950.
The second settlement was established in 1679 in Katagman, Katadman, known now as Catarman. However, on May 1, 1871, Mt. Vulcan Daan erupted and sank a portion of the town under the sea. What was left of Old Catarman are ruins of the ancient Spanish church, a convent, and a bell tower.
The third settlement, Sagay, was established as a town in 1848. It is located south of Catarman. Its name is derived from the name of the poisonous fruit the area has plenty of.
The fourth settlement, Mambajao, became a town in 1855. In the early 1900s, it became the busiest port in northern Mindanao.
The last settlement is Mahinog. It became a municipality in 1860.
In 1901, in the middle of Spanish-American war (1898-1904), Americans assumed political governance over Camiguin. Valero Camaro, an unsung Camiguin patriot who fought for independence, was killed during a short battle in Catarman.
In 1903, the first public water system and the first public school in Camiguin was built in Mambajao.
On June 18, 1942, the Japanese set up a government in Mambajao.
As the country gained its independence from the Americans on July 4, 1946, Camiguin became part of the local government of Misamis Oriental. It was only in 1958 that the island became a sub-province and in June 18, 1960 as a full-fledged independent province with Mambajao as its capital.
Culture and Arts
Painting and sculpture were influenced by 19th century Roman Catholicism. Sculptures of saints and other artworks were what they usually did.
Th island is also famous for its crafts with the abundance of handicraft materials. Camiguinons make baskets, potteries, metalworks, and other products.
The annual Camiguin Lanzones Festival was started in 1980s, being famous for its sweet-tasting lanzones. Held every 3rd week of October, this festival showcases folk dances like the Spanish dance Pandanggo sa Ilaw, and Tinikling which now have become tourist attraction.
The Panaad is an annual Holy Thursday and Good Friday activity. This is a gathering of people from Camiguin and nearby regions for a yearly devotion. Devout Catholics from all walks of life undergo penitence by walking the 64km circumferential road at Camiguin.
The San Juan Hibok-Hibokan is held every June 24 to honor St. John the Baptist. Boat races, fluvial processions, and an annual beauty pageant are conducted.
The May Festival held every May 15 is a month-long fiesta of the barangays and town in Camiguin. It also features the search for the Rose of May and Santacruzan.
Among the province's major products are coconut, cassava, banana, camote, palay, corn, fruits, coffee, vegetables, and of course the lanzones. It is also among the best producers of abaca fiber in the country.
The island is proud of its natural resources which includes sulfur deposits, geothermal energy, agricultural lands and fishing grounds.
Moreover, as one of the Philippine's major tourist spots, it contributes to the economic growth not only of the province but of the country as well.
- Old Ruins of San Roque Church, Convent and Belfry in Gui-ob, Bonbon, Catarman - These are remnants of the eruption of Old Vulcan Daan in 1871 that wiped out the illustrious town of Catarman.
- Sunken Cemetery - marked by a large white cross, this cemetery was swept into the sea by Old Vulcan Daan's eruption in 1871.
- Old Sto. Rosario Church of 1882 now restored to its former glory in Sagay, Camiguin.
- Via Crucis - Old Volcano Slope
- Ancestral House that was built in 1800s, it still stands and dwelled by Frabcisco Family.
- Centennial House in Lakas, Mambajao owned by Corrales Family and built in 1800's.
- Katibawasan Falls - clear stream of water cascading 70 meters into a rock pool surrounded by ground orchids, wild ferns, trees and boulders.
- Tuasan Falls - wild and mighty falls when passing through the quaint Barrio of Mainit, Catarman.
- Binangawan Falls - in Sagay, composed of several miniature and gigantic waterfalls gushing through majestic granite stones that converge in one main pool, covered with luscious unspoiled vegetation, and a mystical rainbow is arched by the fall's mist as the sunlight penetrates through it.
- Ardent Hot Spring - this is mineral pool of water with 400C. Vapor rises from the heated waters that run down the vents of the dormant Hibok-Hibok volcano. Picnic huts and tables are available in the beautifully landscaped gardens and there is a restaurant on site. It is 6 kilometers southwest of Mambajao.
- Macao Cold Spring - is a spring of natural cold and blue-green waters. It is situated at Tupsan Pequiño, Mahinog.
- Sto. Niño Cold Spring - is a spring located 4 kilometers north uphill of Catarman proper. It has a terrific huge pool of cold spring water measuring 25m x 40m sprouting from sandy bottom.
- Tangub Hot Spring - is a volcanic hot spring not fully developed a little beneath sea level where a pool is formed by sea stones and corals. Water temperature shifts from cold to lukewarm to warm then to hot as tide changes. This is situated at Naasag, Mambajao - about 12 kilometers west of the capital town; 10-20 meters offshore is ideal for scuba diving.
- Mt. Hibok-Hibok - is a volcano 1250 meters high above sea level. Its slopes are challenges/barriers for professional climbers. At the zenith, there is a crater like lake and steam outlets where one can have a clear panoramic view of the entire island and the Bohol Province.
- Old Volcano - volcano located 13 kilometers away from Mambajao with stiff drop off measuring 7,080 meters high above sea level. It is the landmark for Panaad Festival.
- Mount Vulcan
- Mount Timpoong
- Mt. Ilihan - is located at Butay, Guinsiliban and a 3-hour climb uphill.
- White Island - an uninhabited white sandbar where the view of towering Mt. Hibok-Hibok and Old Volcan reflects the Province of Camiguin. It is reached within 10 minutes through light water transport from anywhere in Yumbing, Mambajao area.
- Mantigue Island - is 4 hectares of evergreen forest, fringed with white sand beaches, a fishing village , a white sand beach with coral offshore, and deep drop-off for snorkeling and diving.
- Jicdup Shoal (Dive Spot) - lies approximately 2 nautical miles from the shore of Balbagon, Mambajao. It hosts a variety of aquatic life. It is one of the best dive spots in Camiguin Island, having excellent visibility best for underwater photographs, and novice divers.
- Burias Shoal (Dive Spot) - slightly smaller than Jicdup, Burias is among the favorite spot for high adventure seeking divers, with schools of jacks, tuna, mackerels, barracudas, and a verdant black coral covered bottom.
- Taguines Lagoon - is a lagoon located at Benoni, Mahinog.
- Centennial Tree - is a Pili Nut tree which is more than century old situated at Lakas, Mambajao owned by the Corrales Family.
- "Nice Facts (Part 3): CAMIGUIN ISLAND PROVINCE." TubongMindanao.com (Accessed on 28 January 2008)
- "Map of Philippine Volcanoes." Malapascua-Island.com (Accessed 28 January 2008)
- "Camiguin." Camiguin Official Website (Accessed on 28 January 2008)