From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
|Region||Bicol Region (Region V)|
|Area|| 5,266.8 km²|
|Total (2000)|| 1,551,549|
Camarines Sur is located in the central part of Bicol region, situated at the southeastern portion of Luzon. It is bounded on the north by the Philippine Sea, on the east by the Maquenda Channel, on the south by the Province of Albay, on the west by the Ragay Gulf, and on the northwest by the province of Camarines Norte and Quezon.
It has a land area of 5,266 square kilometers with 34 municipalities and two cities. In May 2000, it had a population of 1,551,549 composed of Bicolanos, Tagalogs, Visayas and Ilocanos. It is considered as the largest among the six provinces in Bicol both in terms of population and land area.
 People and culture
Population. According to the May 2000 census, there are a total of 1,551,549 residents in Camarines Sur, making it the most populous in the region and the 15th most populous in the whole country. The same census also states that Camarines Sur has 288,172 households with an average household size of 5.37 persons, significantly higher than the national average of 4.99. The annual growth rate is 1.86%, much lower than the national growth rate of 2.36%. This rate of growth will double the population of Camarines Sur in 38 years.
Languages. Being in the Bicol Region, the main language spoken in Camarines Sur is Bikol. Filipino linguists consider the dialect of Bikol spoken around Naga City, Bicol Central (also known as Bikol Naga, not to be confused with Bikol Canaman, the purest dialect of Bikol according to Jesuit Anthropologist Frank Lynch, S.J.). Some of the other dialects spoken in the province are Buhi-non (a dialect of Bicol Albay), spoken in the southern part of the province around Lake Buhi, and Rinconada Bikol (also known as Bikol Iriga), which is used in the area around Iriga City. A dialect of Naga Bikol, called Partido is used in the eastern portion of the province around Lagonoy Gulf. Most inhabitants understand Tagalog and English.
Agri-based, producing rice, corn, feedmeal, freshwater fish, livestock. Entrepreneurs engage in trading, often branching out towards neighboring provinces in the south as local demand might be limited, indicated by its mostly 3rd-5th income class municipalities.
 Pre Spanish Colonialism
Lagonoy Camarines Sur...
 Spanish Colonialism
It was part of Ambos Camarines.
 Filipino-American war period
 Period under the American Colonialism
The Province was Politically and economically controlled by the Americans and their local puppets most particularly local elites.
 Period under the Japanese Colonialism
In May of 1942, Guerilla forces entered the town of Naga and freed Japanese Prisoners from the "kapitolyo" including foreigners who where working at foreign owned companies, including the mining companies, operatig in the region.
It was during this time that the invaders made the Ateneo de Naga as one of their Garrisons.
 Post World War II
 Martial Law
In was during this period that the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) organized the New People's army in the Province. Under the leadership of Romulo Jallores and his Brother, they organized a small group of armed resistance to the Marcos Regime somewhere in the Caramoan Peninsula. This group was to organize the Armed rebellion against the Marcos dictatorship in the bicol region.
 Post 1986 people power uprising
The family of Villafuerte's was the dominant family holding the political power of the province. While it was the Family of the Fuentebella holding the political power of the third district.
 Post 2001 people power uprising
|City/Municipality|| No. of|
|Baao||30||143.05||46,693||Quirino Boncayao Jr.|
|Balatan||17||63.720||22,537||Nena B. Borja|
|Buhi||38||191.79||67,762||Rey P. Lacoste|
|Bula||33||151.25||57,474||Benjamin S. Decena|
|Cabusao||9||46.81||16,201||Norberto U. Genova|
|Calabanga||48||163.84||67,408||Evelyn S. Yu|
|Canaman||24||27.41||27,719||Emmanuel S. Requejo|
|Goa||34||210.38||48,490||Antero S. Lim|
|Iriga City||36||119.63||88,476||Madeleine A. Gazmen|
|Libmanan||75||336.20||88,476||Rodolfo A. Jimenez Sr.|
|Lupi||38||253.12||26,148||Roberto M. Matamorosa|
|Magarao||15||39.01||20,964||Nelson B. Julia|
|Minalabac||25||156.13||41,734||Leovigildo D. Basmayor Jr.|
|Naga City||27||77.48||137,810||Jesse M. Robredo|
|Pili||26||122.65||67,393||Alex San Luis|
|Ragay||38||272.35||47,743||Ricky E. Aquino|
|Sagñay||19||108.19||26,619||Roberto A. Briones|
|San Fernando||22||27,433||Fermin Mabulo|
|San Jose||29||39.01||32,512||Gilmar Pacamarra|
Terrain. Camarines Sur lies at the center of the Bicol Peninsula. The province is also the largest in the Bicol Region with a land area of 5,266.8 square kilometers. At the center of the province is Bicol Plain. Surrounding it are mountains, two of which are Mount Isarog and Mount Iriga. The eastern part of the province lies on the mountainous Caramoan Peninsula, which faces the island of Catanduanes to the east.
Except for some highlands found in some island towns such as Ocampo, Baao and Iriga, the rest are mountain ranges, which bordered the rugged coastlines. They surround the vast fertile plains and arable lowlands except those along found in Nato, Sagnay, Sabang and San Jose beaches in Partido, San Miguel, Cabusao and Calabanga.
Camarines Sur boasts of three beautiful lakes namely: Baao, Bato and Buhi and four mountains such as: Isarog, Iriga, Buhi and Tangcong Vaca.
Climate. The climate in Camarines Sur like most of the rest of the country is very tropical. It is dry from March to May and wet the rest of the year. Annual average rainfall is 2,565 millimeters. Camarines Sur has an average temperature of 27.0 °C and a relative humidity of 25.8%.
 Tourist Attractions
Camarines Sur has a lot of popular destinations and attractions that local and foreign tourists alike could revel and take pride, from picturesque scenery to ancient landmarks. The following are some of the most popular tourist attractions in the region:
 Religious Sites
- Bula Church, Bula - One of the first four parishes established in the province by the Franciscan missionaries who came in the Bicol region in 1578.
- Ladrillo Church of Quipayo, Calabanga - A unique brick-made church located in Calabanga and was constructed in 1616. Rare artifacts were excavated in this church and are displayed in a museum behind the church altar.
- Basilica Minore, Naga - Established only in 1985, this church is the home to the miraculous image of the Patroness of Bicolandia, Nuestra Señora de Peñafrancia where thousands of pilgrims flock every September to join the fiesta and venerate the virgin.
- San Francisco Church, Naga - Built in 1578 by the Franciscan friars. It is the first Catholic Church in Naga City.
- Emerald Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes, Iriga - is a man-made shrine built atop the historic Calvario Hill. This is where the Tinagba Festival culminates with the offering of the first and freshest harvest.
 Historical Spots
- Leaning Tower of Bombon, Bombon - It is Camarines Sur's counterpart but not exactly a replica of the very famous Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy. A 15-minute drive from the City of Naga to Bombon.
- Spanish Fort Ruins, San Jose - A glance back to the 17th century, this structure used to be a Spanish fort that was once raided by Moro pirates.
 Major Attractions
- Lake Buhi - Internationally known for being the home of the world’s smallest fish called Sinarapan. The little wonder, measuring 7 to 10 mm long has often stirred the interest of many tourists that they make a point of visiting the lake habitat of the famous creature, which has been included in the Guinness Book of World Records.
- Mt. Asog - Also called it Mt. Iriga, this extinct volcano has an elevation of about 4,823 feet. The eruption in 1611 caused the existence of Lake Buhi in the province.
- Culapnitan Cave, Libmanan - Nineteen limestone caves that house thousands of bats.
- Nalalata Falls, Bula - An impressive gush of water that provides a cool mist and spray.
See the Camarines Sur Tourist Itinerary for details.
- Official Website of the Provincial Government of Camarines Sur
- Global Pinoy. (accessed on January 22, 2009).
- Official Website of Regional Development Council V. (accessed on January 22, 2009).