Calalang vs. Williams
From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
The classic case of Calalang vs. Williams, 70 Phil. 726 (1940), tackled the issue of police power for public welfare, but is remembered because it contains a definition of social justice.
Was the regulation valid?
Yes. The Supreme Court upheld the regulation as a valid exercise of police power in the interest of public welfare.
This case is known primarily for the words of Justice Jose P. Laurel defining social justice: :
|“||Social justice is neither communism, nor despotism, nor atomism, nor anarchy, but the humanization of laws and the equalization of social and economic forces by the State so that justice in its rational and objectively secular conception may at least be approximated. Social justice means the promotion of the welfare of all the people, the adoption by the Government of measures calculated to ensure economic stability of all the component elements of society, through the maintenance of a proper economic and social equilibrium in the interrelations of the members of the community, constitutionally, through the adoption of measures legally justifiable, or extra-constitutionally, through the exercise of powers underlying the existence of all governments on the time-honored principle of salus populi est supremo lex.||”|