Commission on Higher Education
|Established:||May 18, 1994|
|Chairman:||Patricia B. Licuanan, Ph.D.|
The Commission on Higher Education (Filipino: Komisyon sa Mas Mataas na Edukasyon) of the Philippines, more popularly known as CHED, is one of the three agencies of the Philippine government governing the education sector. It is primarily responsible for the oversight and supervision of both public and private higher education institutions as well as degree-granting programs in all tertiary educational institutions in the Philippines.
CHED was created on May 18, 1994, through Republic Act No. 7722, also known as the Higher Education Act of 1994, as part of a broad agenda for reforms in the country's education system outlined by the Congressional Commission on Education (EDCOM) in 1992. Part of these reforms resulted in the trifocalization of the education sector, which was allocated among three governing bodies: the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) for tertiary and graduate education, the Department of Education (DepEd) for basic education, and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) for technical-vocational and middle level education.
Functions and Responsibilities
Under R.A. 7722, CHED is mandated to promote quality education; take appropriate steps to ensure that education shall be accessible to all; and ensure and protect academic freedom for the continuing intellectual growth, the advancement of learning and research, the development of responsible and effective leadership, the education of high level professionals, and the enrichment of historical and cultural heritage.
Powers and Functions
CHED has the following powers and functions:
- Formulate and recommend development plans, policies,priorities, and programs on higher education;
- Formulate and recommend development plans, policies, priorities, and programs on research;
- Recommend to the executive and legislative branches priorities and grants on higher education and research;
- Set minimum standards for programs and institutions of higher learning recommended by panels of experts in the field and subject to public hearing, and enforced the same;
- Monitor and evaluate the performance of programs and institutions of higher learning for appropriate incentives as well as the imposition of sanctions such as, but not limited to, diminution or withdrawal of subsidy, recommendation on the downgrading or withdrawal of accreditation, program termination or school course;
- Identify, support and develop potential centers of excellence in program areas needed for the development of world-class scholarship, nation building and national development;
- Recommend to the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) the budgets of public institutions of higher learning as well as general guidelines for the use of their income;
- Rationalize programs and institutions of higher learning and set standards, policies and guidelines for the creation of new ones as well as the conversion or elevation of schools to institutions of higher learning, subject to budgetary limitations and the number of institutions of higher learning in the province or region where creation, conversion or elevation is sought to be made;
- Develop criteria for allocating additional resources such as research and program development grants, scholarships, and the other similar programs: Provided, that these shall not detract from the fiscal autonomy already enjoyed by colleges and universities;
- Direct or redirect purposive research by institutions of higher learning to meet the needs of agro-industrialization and development;
- Devise and implement resource development schemes;
- Administer the Higher Education Development Fund, as described in Section 10 of R.A. 7722, which will promote the purposes of higher education;
- Review the charters of institutions of higher learning and state universities and colleges including the chairmanship and membership of their governing bodies and recommend appropriate measures as basis for necessary action;
- Promulgate such rules and regulations and exercise such other powers and functions as may be necessary to carry out effectively the purpose and objectives of R.A. 7722; and
- Perform such other functions as may be necessary for its effective operations and for the continued enhancement, growth and development of higher education.
- Office of the Chairman and Commissioners (OCC) - The Commission en banc acts as a collegial body in formulating plans, policies and strategies relating to higher education and in deciding important matters and problems regarding the operation of the CHED. It is composed of five full-time members, the chairman and four commissioners, each having a term of office of four years. The commissioners meet at least once a year with the CHED Board of Advisers which assists them in aligning CHED policies and plans with the cultural, political and socio-economic development needs of the nation and with the demands of world-class scholarship.
- CHED Board of Advisers
- Executive Office (EO) - Heads the CHED secretariat that implements the plans and policies of the Commission; oversees the over-all implementation of policies, programs, projects and activities of the different offices, namely: Office of Programs and Standards (OSS); Office of Policy, Planning, Research and Information (OPPRI); Office of Student Services (OSS); International Affairs Service (IAS); Legal Affairs Service (LAS); Administrative Service (AS); Finance Service (FS); and Regional Offices; . It coordinates with the HEDF Secretariat in the utilization of HEDF funds for the efficient implementation of CHED programs and projects.
- Program Committee - Serves as a forum for consensus building and review of policy formulations proposed by the different offices prior to endorsement to the Commission en banc; also serves as a coordinating advisory body to the Office of Programs and Standards; Office of Policy, Planning, Research and Information; Office of Student Services; and International Affairs Service on overlapping/crosscutting concerns including those with other CHED offices in relation to policy formulation.
- Office of Programs and Standards (OPS) - Tasked to assist in formulating academic development plans, policies, standards and guidelines for higher education programs, including alternative learning systems such as open learning and distance education; develop criteria and instruments in monitoring and evaluating the enforcement of Policies, Standards and Guidelines (PSGs) by the CHED Regional Offices; assist in formulating the criteria for selecting Centers of Excellence (COEs) and Centers of Development (CODs) in various academic programs and in developing the tools for evaluating the impact of COEs and CODs vis-a-vis students, community and country. The OPS has four divisions under the Office of the Director: Monitoring and Evaluation Division (Cluster "A"); Program Development Division (Cluster "B"); Standards Development Division (Cluster "C" ); and Expanded Tertiary Education Equivalency and Accreditation Program (ETEEAP) (Cluster "D").
- Office of Policy, Planning, Research and Information (OPPRI) - Tasked to assist in the development of sector-wide policies, plans, and programs and formulate/implement projects to improve the sub-sector; gather, process and analyze higher education data/information; conduct activities needed for policy/decision making, planning, project development and implementation; and package and disseminate higher education data/information and research outputs. The OPPRI has three divisions: Policy Development and Planning Division (PDPD); Research Division (RD); and Management and Information System Division (MISD).
- Office of Student Services (OSS) - Tasked to develop, recommend, monitor and evaluate the implementation of policies, systems, procedures and programs on matters pertaining to the various student services in higher education institutions. The OSS has two divisions: the Study Grant Division (SGD) and the Student Auxiliary Services Division (SASD)
- International Affairs Service (IAS) - Tasked to help promote Philippine higher education abroad for international recognition. It works in concert with all offices of CHED as they pursue their fundamental functions and objectives to enhance the international orientation and dimension of higher education.
- Admistrative Committee - Serves as a forum for consensus building and review of action plans, programs and services proposed by the Legal Affairs Service, Administrative Service and Finance Service prior to endorsement to the Commission en banc. It serves as coordinating/advisory body to the three offices in relation to policy formulation.
- Legal Affairs Service (LAS) - Renders efficient and competent legal services to the CHED and its constituents upon being provided sufficient staff, facilities and resources, by rendering rulings, opinions and other legal actions on matters concerning the implementation of R.A. 8272, R.A. 7279 and other relevant education laws, CHED memoranda, orders and guidelines, and the preparation, examination and implementation of its programs, systems and procedures, as well as issues and concerns affecting the rights and obligations of the various sectors of the educational community.
- Administrative Service (AS) - Tasked to develop and maintain the personnel program that includes recruitment, selection and appointment, performance evaluation, employee relations and welfare services, leave administration and other personnel benefits; plan and develop training programs for CHED that are geared to the needs of the individual as measured by the requirements of his present and probable future job; and provide property and supply services, records management services, cash management, reproduction, messengerial and other related services.
- Finance Service (FS) - Tasked to prepare the budget proposal of the CHED and coordinate with the Department of Budget and Management and both Houses of Congress in the preparation of the said budget; evaluate budgetary proposals of CHED Supervised Institutions (CSIs) and integrate proposed budget of State Universities and Colleges (SUCs); keeps record of all financial transactions of the CHED, perform pre-audit functions on all disbursements funded by regular appropriation and render required financial reports; and review and consolidates financial statements of CSIs and render quarterly consolidated financial reports.
- Higher Education Development Fund Secretariat (HEDF) - Tasked to mobilize funds for the strengthening of higher education in the entire country and monitor the implementation of programs and projects to ensure achievement of objectives within the allocated budgets.
- Regional Offices (ROs) - Serve as the frontline offices or the implementing units of the CHED in the different regions of the country. They carry out the CHED's thrusts, programs, and policies at the regional level and serve as centers or focal points where all concerns, issues, programs and projects of higher education institutions are facilitated.
- Technical Panels (TPs) - Serve as advisory and consultative bodies to the Commission. These are composed of academicians, practitioners, representatives of professional organizations and appropriate government agencies.Technical Panels have been created for the following disciplines: Science and Mathematics; Humanities, Social Sciences and Communication; Information Technology; Health Profession Education; Engineering, Technology and Architecture; Maritime Education; Business and Management; Agricultural Education; Teacher Education; and Legal Education and Criminology.