From WikiPilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
The Black Nazarene is a life-sized, dark-skinned statue of Jesus Christ, which was carved by an Aztec carpenter. A priest bought the statue in Mexico during the time of the Galleon Trade. The image is now enshrined in the minor basilica in Quiapo, Manila Friday is when devotees go to the church to pay homage. The Feast of the Black Nazarene, celebrated every year on January 9, is one of the largest and most popular religious festivals in the Philippines.
The statue was brought to Manila by the first group of Augustinian Recollect friars on 31 May 1606. The image was enshrined at the first Recollect church in Bagumbayan (now part of the Rizal Park), which was inaugurated on 10 September 1606 and placed under the patronage of Saint John the Baptist.
In 1608, the second bigger Recollect church dedicated to San Nicolas de Tolentino (Saint Nicholas of Tolentine) was completed inside Intramuros, and the image of Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno was transferred there. The Recollect Fathers then vigorously promoted devotion to the Suffering of Our Lord represented by the image such that after fifteen short years, the Cofradia de Jesús Nazareno was established on 21 April 21. The confraternity obtained the Papal approval on 20 April 1650 from His Holiness Pope Innocent X.
Sometime in 1787, the Archbishop of Manila, Basilio Sancho de Santas Junta y Rufina, ordered the transfer of the image of the Nazareno to the church in Quiapo, again placed under the patronage of Saint John the Baptist.
In 1998, however, a replica of the original Black Nazarene was first paraded due to the repeated damages inflicted on the statue. Today, the head and the cross stays on the Altar Mayor of the Minor Basilica, and the original body image of the Black Nazarene is used in the processions. Other, even smaller replica can be found in other churches.
The devotion to Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno has attracted a huge following. Its initial popularity in the northern and southern provinces of Luzon spread over time throughout the country.
The uniquely Filipino devotion to the Black Nazarene merited the sanction and encouragement of two popes: Innocent X in 1650, with a Papal Bull canonically establishing the Cofradia de Jesús Nazareno; and Pius VII in the 19th century, by granting indulgence to those who piously pray before the image of the Black Nazarene of Quiapo.
Today, despite the rough-and-tumble that usually accompanies the thrice-yearly procession of the image, the Filipino people's devotion to God in the special appellation of Nuestro Padre Jesús Nazareno continues to flourish and shows no sign of waning--death, wounds, bodily pains and physical discomfort notwithstanding.
For more than 200 years, the statue has been placed on a gilded carriage every January and is pulled through the streets of Quiapo by male devotees dressed in maroon. People who touch the Nazarene are reported to sometimes be healed of diseases. Catholics come from all over Manila hoping for the chance to get close enough to touch the image and perhaps receive a miracle. They also throw towels to the people guarding the statue and ask them to rub the towel on the statue in hopes of carrying some of that miraculous power away with them.
 402nd year celebration
On the 402nd year celebration of the Black Nazarene in 2009, the Minor Basilica of Quiapo decided to change the route of the procession of the Black Nazarene. Instead of the procession beginning at 3 pm from the Quiapo Church, the procession was scheduled to begin from the Quirino Grandstand near Dr. Jose Rizal's national hero monument in Luneta at 8:30AM, therefore going through wider roads and streets towards the Quiapo Church. The Quiapo Church Rectory has decided to change routes to prevent injuries and deaths that has happened in the previous years due to the large crowd and stampede during the procession. A healing mass is also celebrated preceding the 8:30 am procession, officiated by his eminence, the Roman Catholic Manila Archbishop, Gaudencio Cardinal Rosales. Then Philippines' Vice-President Noli De Castro, a known devotee of the Black Nazarene, was present in the Eucharistic mass and procession; so was the City of Manila Mayor Fred Lim.
However, on the day of the procession of the Black Nazarene, upon reaching almost the end of the new route, the older route was still followed due to many devotees who has decided to pull the ropes of the carriage towards the original route which encircles the Quiapo church. The new route was followed only up until Arlegui street, after which many of the Quiapo devotees took charge of the carriage brought it back to its old route. Many of these devotees, most of whom are financiers and patrons of the Quiapo church, have recently complained to the police officials because they believe that the Black Nazarene's passing in their area results in their numerous blessings and good luck.
The Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene in Quiapo has also decided to move the replica statue of the Black Nazarene to San Agustin's Cathedral in Cagayan De Oro in Mindanao, so that Nazarene devotees from Mindanao may not have to travel to Manila for their annual pilgrimage.
 2013 Festivities
- January 7 (Monday), 3 p.m. - Procession of the replicas of the Black Nazarene
- January 8 (Tuesday), 1 p.m. - Kissing of the replica of the Black Nazarene;7 p.m. - Vigil at the Quirino Grandstand
- January 9 (Wednesday), 12 a.m. - 4 p.m. - Vigil; 6 a.m. - Holy Mass
As seen on Coolbuster, the procession will start from the Quirino Grandstand. It will turn left to Katigbak Drive through Padre Burgos St., left to Taft Avenue through McArthur Bridge, right to Palanca St. through Quezon Bridge, left to Quezon Blvd., right to Arlegui St., right to Fraternal St., right to Vergara St., left to Duque de Alba St., left to Castillejos St., left to Farnecio St., right to Arlegui St., left to Nepomuceno St., left to Aguila St., right to Carcer St., right to Hidalgo St. through Plaza del Carmen, left to Bilibid Viejo through Puyat St., left to Guzman St., right to Hidalgo St., left to Barbosa St., right to Globo de Oro St. through Quezon Bridge, right to Palanca St., right to Villalobos St. through Plaza Miranda, and ingress in Quiapo Church.
About 11 million devotees are expected to join this year's procession.
- Black Nazarene image 400 years in Manila on Wednesday GMA News
- The history of the Black Nazarene Manilahub.i.ph - includes the history of the Quiapo Church
- “Feast of Black Nazarene 2013 Schedule of Activities”.coolbuster.(Accessed on 8 January 2012).
- “Feast of the Black Nazarene Procession Route 2013”.Everything in Budget*.(Accessed on 8 January 2012).
- Manongdo, Jenny F.“Traffic Rerouting On Feast Of Black Nazarene”.mb.com.ph.(Accessed on 8 January 2012).
- Calica, Aurea and Galupo, Rey.“Feast of the Black Nazarene: 11 M devotees seen to attend procession”.philSTAR.com.(Accessed on 8 January 2012).