Bataan

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Province of Bataan
Landmarks
[[Image:{{{landmarkfile}}}|250px]]
Seal
[[Image:Ph seal bataan.png|250px]]
Location
[[Image:Ph locator map bataan.png|250px]]
Government
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Governor Enrique "Tet" Garcia
Barangays 237
Physical characteristics
Area 1,373.0 km²
(12th smallest)
Population
Total (2000) 557,659
(46th largest)
Density 406/km²
(12th highest)

Bataan is a province of the Philippines occupying the whole of Bataan Peninsula on Luzon. The province is part of the Central Luzon region. The capital of Bataan is Balanga City and is bordered by the provinces of Zambales and Pampanga to the north. The peninsula faces South China Sea to the west and encloses its arm, Manila Bay, to the east.

The Battle of Bataan is famous in history as one of the last stands of American and Filipino soldiers before they were overwhelmed by the Japanese forces in World War II. The Bataan Death March was named for this province, where the infamous march started.

Contents

People and culture

Famous People in Bataan

  • Visual Artist Glenn A. Bautista [1] was born on March 20, 1947 in Orion [2], Bataan to a deeply religious family [3]. His father [4] was a minister of the United Methodist Church and his mother [5] was a graduate of Harris Memorial College, the only deaconess training school of the United Methodist Church in the far east. He is the seventh of nine children in the family. He studied at the Sta. Ana Elementary School and at the Union High School in Manila. In 1965, while still an Advertising student at the University of Santo Tomas, the oldest university in the Philippines, his father encouraged him to submit an entry to an International Art Competition sponsored by an organization for World Literacy and Christian Literature in New York. Out of sixty-four entries from all over the world, Glenn Bautista's "The Event" [6] was declared winner.
  • Senator Manny Villar- (Orani,Bataan) - "Anak ng Bataan"
  • Tomas Pinpin (Abucay)- the "Prince of Filipino Printers" or the "Patriarch of Filipino Printing." He learned the art of printing about the end of 1608 in the Dominican-owned printing press in Abucay. In Abucay, Father Blancas employed in 1609 young Pinpin as an apprentice at the printing shop and taught him the art of printing. Later, the main elementary school in Abucay was named after him, Tomas Pinpin Memorial Elementary School. His statue can be found in the quadrangle of this elementary school.
  • Evangeline Pascual (Orani)- actress and former beauty queen.
  • Leonardo Roman- (Pilar)- former governor of Bataan. He is a friend of ex-Senator Vicente Sotto III.
  • Enrique "Tet" Garcia- (Balanga City)- known as "Mr. Petrochem." He is a former congressman and a former accountant of business tycoon Lucio Tan.He won as governor in the 2004 national election.
  • Cayetano Arellano-(Orion,Bataan)-first Filipino Chief Justice
  • Kerby Raymundo- (Orion,Bataan)- second youngest to enter the PBA at the age of 19. He won the "mvp title" last 2002 in the Governor's Cup.
  • Heny Sison- (Orani,Bataan)- Culinary expert and TV show host (A taste of Life with Heny Sison).

Economy

Geography

Political

Bataan is subdivided into 11 municipalities and 1 city.

City

Municipalities

Physical

The Bataan Peninsula is a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountains, on Luzon in the Philippines. It separates the Manila Bay from the South China Sea. The peninsula features Mount Natib (1,253 m) in the north and the Mariveles Mountains in the south, which includes Mount Samat, the location of the historical marker for the Bataan Death March.

History

Early history

The province of Bataan was established in 1754 by Governor-General Pedro Manuel Arandia out of territories belonging to Pampanga and the corregimiento of Mariveles which, at the time, included Maragondon, Cavite across the Manila Bay.

In 1647, Dutch naval forces landed in country in an attempt to seize the islands from Spain. The forces massacred the people of Abucay in Bataan. In the late 1700s, Limahong, a Chinese pirate used Bataan as the launching point for his conquest of Luzon, which was unsuccessful.

World War II

March 1943: General view showing houses burning as the result of Japanese bombing raid in Bataan, the Philippine Islands.
Bataan featured prominently during World War II. Prior to the 1941 Japanese invasion, the US Army stored nearly 1,000,000 US gallons (3,800 m³) of gasoline here.

Shortly after the Japanese Army invaded the country in December 1941, the combined forces of Filipino and US forces were being gradually overrun and General Douglas MacArthur decided to make Bataan the site of a last stand. (See Battle of the Philippines (1941-42).) On January 7, 1942, Japanese forces started the siege of the peninsula. On April 3 the Japanese began an all-out assault on the American and Filipino troops left on the peninsula. Bataan fell on April 9 and the Bataan Death March began. About 70,000 captured American and Filipino soldiers were forced to march more than a hundred kilometers from Bataan to Tarlac.

Tourist Attractions

Resorts: Bataan Greenhills Resort (Inisay, Abukay, Bataan), Raven Resort (Abucay, Bataan), Abucay County Resort (Abucay, Bataan), Villa Amanda Resort (Abucay, Bataan), Lavinia Resort (Orani, Bataan), Annjoline's Resort (Orani, Bataan), Big Splash Resort (Orani, Bataan), Paran Resort (Samal, Bataan), Farmlandia Resort (Hermosa, Bataan), Joyous Resort (Balanga, Bataan)

Historical places Mount Samat - Shrine of Valor (Pilar, Bataan), First Abucay Catholic Church (The 411-year old Church), Zero Kilometre Death March Marker ( Mariveles)

Natural-made places of interest Dunsulan Falls, Pasukulan Falls(Abucay, Bataan)

Beach Resorts Montemar Beach Resort (Bagac,Bataan), Sunmoon Beach Resort (Bagac, Bataan), Castle's Beach Resort (Saysain, Bagac, Bataan) Waterfront Beach Resort (Morong, Bataan), Bay Spring Resort (Mariveles, Bataan), Benipres Beach Resort (Orion, Bataan)

and many more (unlisted)

Access

Mariveles, at the tip can be reached through jet ferry plying the Mariveles to Manila route that has an approximate travel time of 40 minutes.

See also

External links


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