A sibat is a Filipino spear, used as a weapon or tool by natives of the Philippine islands.
It is typically made from rattan with its tip sharpened to form a point, or a head made from metal. It was called sibat in Indonesian or Filipino dialects, but in the Negros islands it is called bangkaw, sumbiling or palupad.
There are many varieties, varying in length and function. Some of these spears feature metal heads in a wide variety of styles and sizes. Heads may be single edged or double edged, as well as barbed.
The style and function of the spear depends on what area of the Philippines it is found. Natives who hunt and fish on the beach may employ an entirely different spear than those in the mountainous or inland regions who hunt wild boar and other game.
Many of the fighting techniques taught for the Sibat are the very same motions translated from the hunting movements for killing wild boar and other prey. Thrusts designed to puncture soft targets, such as the throat or neck are reinforced by crushing blows using the blunt portions of the weapon to incapacitate at closer ranges. These attacks are sometimes used in conjunction; a strike with the blunt portion used to block an enemies weapon being immediately followed by a thrust into the flesh.
- Mark V. Wiley (1997). Filipino Martial Culture, ISBN 0-8048-2088-0 Tuttle Publishing.
- Eskrima Digest
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