Banga, South Cotabato

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Map of South Cotabato showing the location of Banga

Banga is a 1st class municipality in the province of South Cotabato, Philippines.

Contents

Demographics

The population of Banga decreased from 1960 to 1970 due to the separation of Surallah from Banga and creation of Surallah into a separate municipality under R.A. No. 3664 on June 22, 1963. The total population grew at a rate of 2.187 percent annually in the first half of the nineties, 0.843 percentage point lower than the annual geometric census growth rate in the eighties. Average growth rate therefore of the population stood at 3 percent from 1970 to 1995. The total population of Banga as of May 1, 2000 was 69,131 persons in 14,101 households, higher by 2,560 than the 1995 figure of 66,571 indicating an average growth rate of 0.76 percent annually. Considering the municipal population growth rate for 1995 and 2000 census years of 2.19% and 0.76% respectively, Banga has an average growth rate of 1.475%.

As of 2007, Banga has a total population of 77,455 persons in 15,799 households, with a birth rate of 2.22% annually. Eighty percent (80%) of the population live in the rural area and 20% are in the urban area.

Language

The major language spoken in the municipality is Hiligaynon, commonly called "Ilonggo". Other languages are Cebuano (Bisaya), Ilocano, and the T'boli and B'laan tribal languages.

Geography

Banga is located at the northwestern portion of South Cotabato, 13 kilometers away from the capital city of Koronadal. The municipality is part of a continuous expansion of the vast fertile plains of the Allah Valley which stretches towards the Roxas Mountain Range in the northeast. It has a total land area of 24, 035 hectares with 59.12% or 14,208 hectares devoted to agriculture.

History

According to the oral history of Banga, the original dwellers in the area were B’laans, T’bolis and Tagabilis who settled near the bank of the river. The B’laans used to call the place “Bong ngo” meaning “big river”.

Before the arrival of the Christian settlers, the area was predominated by talahib and cogon grass as well as numerous swamp trees. One of the species of tree that proliferated in the area was a palm called “buang nga”, from which the town got its name according to most settlers. However, other pioneers claim that the name “Banga” came from the native “Bong ngo”. Also, the area as surrounded by mountain ranges, and with an abundance of water, resembled the mouth of an earthen jar called “banga”, thus, the pioneers said, the municipality got its present name.

The municipality was once under the National Land Settlement Administration (NLSA), administered by General Paulino Santos as the general manager and Albert Morrow as the assistant manager. Before the end of the first quarter of 1941, the Allah Valley was proclaimed a settlement district by Secretary Rafael Alunan, the NLSA Chairman of the Board. The NLSA recruited settler applicants from Luzon and the Visayas. On March 4, 1941, the settlers together with Jesus Larrabaster, NLSA Overseer, and Dr. Antonio Patag, NLSA Physician, reached the elevated terrain along the Banga River and there established a community which soon became a progressive agricultural locality.

At the outbreak of World War II in the Southern Pacific, the settlers left their farmholdings and moved to safer places; others even returned to their home provinces. Peace was eventually restored, but the settlers were not recalled to resume resettlement work until the latter part of 1946.

In 1948, a propelling economic factor, the Rice and Corn Production Administration of the National Development Company, entered Banga Settlement District. The NDC pulled out in 1950, to be replaced by a joint venture by the Philippine Committee on United States Aid (PHILCOSA) and the International Cooperation Administration (ICA), which undertook to implement and administer the aid extended by the Congress of the United States. This resulted in the construction of the Dadiangas-Allah Valley-Cotabato National Highways and the final survey of farm and home lots within the Allah Valley Settlement Project.

When the NDC pulled out, all its equipment and machineries had remained with the settlement under a new name: the Land Settlement Development Corporation (LASEDECO), which greatly helped Banga and the other settlement districts of the Allah Valley. Finally, on September 11, 1953, by way of Presidential Proclamation No. 612, the Banga Settlement District was separated from the Municipality of Koronadal and became an independent entity known as the Municipality of Banga.

Government and Politics

Barangays

Banga is politically subdivided into 22 barangays.

Municipal Officials

  • 1953-1955
    • Municipal Mayor – Gregorio Hechanova
    • Vice Mayor – Dioclesio Inocente, Sr.
    • Councilors:
      • Gaudioso Jorda
      • Angel Blancia
      • Aniceto Dorego
      • Juan Crespo
      • Rogato Butawan
      • Francisco Naraval
    • Chief of Police – Federico Lubaton
  • 1955-1959
    • Municipal Mayor – Jose A. Improgo, Jr.
    • Vice Mayor – Francisco Galaura
    • Councilors:
      • Philip Camdas
      • Juan P. Rosete
      • Pedro Mariveles
      • Angel Blancia
      • Carlos Dayot
      • Aniceto Dorego
  • 1959-1963
    • Municipal Mayor – Magno BF Reyes
    • Vice Mayor – Dioclesio Inocente, Sr.
    • Councilors:
      • Elena C. Nelo
      • Bernabe C. Singson, M.D.
      • Angel Blancia
      • Pedro Mariveles
      • Jose Bulao
      • Conrado Haguisan
      • Philip Camdas
  • 1963-1968
    • Municipal Mayor – Magno BF Reyes
    • Vice Mayor – Quintin Nelo
    • Councilors:
      • Jose Parreño
      • Emilio Diamante
      • Aniceto Dorego
      • Merenciana Rico
      • Lucas Parcon
      • Pilar Dimput
      • Paterno Lamanero
      • Epifanio Tupas
  • 1968-1971
    • Municipal Mayor – Jose A. Improgo Jr.
    • Vice Mayor – Aniceto Dorego
    • Councilors:
      • Daniel Tomulto
      • Florentino Asuncion
      • Elias Aguirre
      • Cristiano Ladot
      • Jose Valencia
      • Wenceslao Pagulong
      • Emilio Arim
      • Ernesto Llaban
  • 1971 - 1975
    • Municipal Mayor – Jose A. Improgo Jr.<ref name="test1">Due to failing health, he was forced to take a leave of absence on October 15, 1975, until he tendered his resignation effective November 25, 1975. He was succeeded by then Vice Mayor Francisco V. Punla as Acting Municipal Mayor.</ref>
    • Vice Mayor – Francisco V. Punla <ref name="test2">Became Acting Municipal Mayor from October 17, 1975, when Mayor Improgo took a leave of absence, up to January 5, 1976.</ref>
    • Councilors:
      • Emilio Diamante
      • Hernando Arceo
      • Francisco Parcon, M.D.
      • Florentino Asuncion
      • Elias Aguirre
      • Jose Parreño
      • Amando Manila
      • Wenceslao Pagulong
  • 1975-1980<ref name="test3">In December 1975, the Municipal Council was reorganized and became the Sangguniang Bayan as mandated by Presidential Decree No. 826 and Memorandum Circular No. 75-86 of the Department of Local Government and Community Development. Francisco V. Punla was then Acting Municipal Mayor. Hon. Jose A. Roño, Secretary of the Department of Local Government and Community Development, indorsed Punla as not affected by PD 826. As a result, Francisco V. Punla was sworn in by South Cotabato Governor Sergio B. Morales as Municipal Mayor of Banga on January 6, 1976.</ref>
    • Municipal Mayor – Francisco V. Punla
    • Sangguniang Bayan Members:
      • Emilio Diamante
      • Florentino Asuncion
      • Hernando L. Arceo
      • Jose Parreño
      • Amando Manila
      • Wenceslao Pagulong
    • Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) President - Teodorico Da-anoy
    • Pambayang Katipunan ng Kabataang Barangay (PKKB) President - Luis D. Improgo
    • Barangay Captain - Arsenio M. Cua
    • Barangay Captain - Julian Docdocil
    • Barangay Captain - Lorlie F. Improgo
    • Capital Sector - Bernardo Y. Solomon
    • Professional Sector, Representative to Sangguniang Panlalawigan - Natividad A. Reyes
    • Agricultural Labor Sector - Loreto Bolivar
    • Industrial Labor Sector - Eusebio dela Riarte
  • 1980<ref name="test4">The first local election under the New Society of President Ferdinand Marcos was held in Banga on January 30, 1980.</ref>-1986<ref name="test5">After the People Power Revolution of 1986, local government units were again revamped.</ref>
    • Municipal Mayor – Francisco V. Punla (KBL)
    • Vice Mayor – Wenceslao R. Pagulong (KBL)
    • Sangguniang Bayan Members:
      • Daniel Tomulto (KBL)
      • Florentino Asuncion (KBL)
      • Ismael Parcon, M.D. (KBL)
      • Norberto Rendon (KBL)
      • Julian Docdocil (KBL)
      • Custodio Nemiada (KBL)
      • Mary Lou M. Solomon (NP)
      • Manuel F. Improgo (KBL)
    • Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) President<ref name="test6">A week after the oath-taking of all elected officials in the country, Memorandum Circular No. 80-14 dated February 27, 1980, was issued by the Secretary of the Department of Local Government and Community Development, pursuant to Batas Pambansa Blg. 51. BP 51 provided that the Presidents of the two federations, Association of Barangay Captains and the Pambayang Katipunan ng Kabataang Barangay, shall become members of the Sangguniang Bayan. Accordingly, elections for the Association of Barangay Captains were held on March 22, 1980, and the elections for the Pambayang Katipunan ng Kabataang Barangay were held on April 11, 1980, and the two elected presidents took their seats in the Sangguniang Bayan of Banga.</ref> - Dioclesio Inocente, Sr. (1980-1983)
    • Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) President - Lorlie F. Improgo (1983-1986)<ref name="test8">Due to reorganization, became ABC Federation President in 1983.</ref>
    • Pambayang Katipunan ng Kabataang Barangay (PKKB) President<ref name="test6">A week after the oath-taking of all elected officials in the country, Memorandum Circular No. 80-14 dated February 27, 1980, was issued by the Secretary of the Department of Local Government and Community Development, pursuant to Batas Pambansa Blg. 51. BP 51 provided that the Presidents of the two federations, Association of Barangay Captains and the Pambayang Katipunan ng Kabataang Barangay, shall become members of the Sangguniang Bayan. Accordingly, elections for the Association of Barangay Captains were held on March 22, 1980, and the elections for the Pambayang Katipunan ng Kabataang Barangay were held on April 11, 1980, and the two elected presidents took their seats in the Sangguniang Bayan of Banga.</ref> - Felixberto Inocente (1980-1984)
    • Pambayang Katipunan ng Kabataang Barangay (PKKB) President - Igme Uy (1984-1984)<ref name="test9">Due to reorganization of the PKKP in 1984, became President of the PKKP. Died the same year and was succeeded by his Vice President.</ref>
    • Pambayang Katipunan ng Kabataang Barangay (PKKB) President - Juvy P. Boje (1984-1986)<ref name="test9">Succeeded into office as a result of the untimely death of PKKP President Igme Uy.</ref>
    • Agricultural Sector Representative - Alfonso Molarto<ref name="test7">Appointed as member of the Sangguniang Bayan through constitutional mandate on August 27, 1981.</ref>
  • 1986<ref name="test10">After the People Power Revolution of 1986, the local government units were again affected by the Freedom Constitution and the establishment of a revolutionary government. Local government officials were appointed until elections could be held.</ref>-1987<ref name="test11">Local elections were held on January 18, 1988. Candidates who held elected positions in local government units were required to resign and interim local government officials were appointed to serve for the month prior to the elections.</ref>
    • Officer in Charge, Office of the Municipal Mayor – Mary Lou M. Solomon
    • Vice Mayor– Samuel L. Ladot
    • Sangguniang Bayan Members:
      • Alex Lamanero
      • Ramon Mariveles
      • Loreto Bolivar
      • Ireneo Feliprada
      • Reynaldo Servañez
      • Nelita Hechanova
      • Santiago Gasmin
      • Marino Langub
    • Agricultural Sector - Alfonso Molarto<ref name="test13">Sectoral representatives of the KB, ABC and Agriculture were not required to resign before the local elections and were retained in office.</ref>
    • Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) President - Lorlie F. Improgo (1986-1987)
    • Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) President - Teodorico Da-anoy (1987-1988)<ref name="test12">The ABC was reorganized in 1987. Daanoy was elected ABC President in that year and sworn into office as member of the Sangguniang Bayan on June 3, 1987.</ref><ref name="test13">Sectoral representatives of the KB, ABC and Agriculture were not required to resign before the local elections and were retained in office.</ref>
    • Kabataang Barangay (KB) Federation President - Juvy Boje Teruel<ref name="test13">Sectoral representatives of the KB, ABC and Agriculture were not required to resign before the local elections and were retained in office.</ref>
  • 1987-1988<ref name="test11">Local elections were held on January 18, 1988. Candidates who held elected positions in local government units were required to resign and interim local government officials were appointed to serve for the month prior to the elections.</ref>
    • Officer in Charge, Office of the Municipal Mayor – Juan B. Bravante Sr.
    • Officer in Charge, Office of the Vice Mayor – Rogelio Ledesma
    • Officers in Charge, Sangguniang Bayan:
      • Domingo Bulol
      • Abugado Abdul
      • Romeo Susteguer
      • Efraem Cocjin
      • Tito Anatalio
      • Julieto Fresco
      • Alfredo Ferrer
      • Edwin Prado
  • 1988<ref name="test14">Local elections were held on January 18, 1988. After the local elections, a circular from the Department of Local Government terminated the requirement that the sectoral representative for Agriculture be appointed as Sangguniang Bayan member.</ref> -
    • Municipal Mayor – Mary Lou M. Solomon
    • Vice Mayor – Hernando L. Arceo
    • Sangguniang Bayan Members:
      • Rolando R. Obales
      • Ramon T. Mariveles
      • Ireneo Feliprada
      • Alejandro D. Besas
      • Francisco A. Araña
      • Teddy G. Arciso
      • Mamerto A. Alagbay
      • Cristito C. Fuentes
    • Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) President - Rogelio Nievares<ref name="test15">The Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) was reorganized on March 28, 1989, and Rogelio Nievares was elected ABC President of Banga. He was appointed into office as regular member of the Sangguniang Bayan on July 18, 1989.</ref>

Economy

Corn is the major product of Banga. Other agricultural products are rice, banana, asparagus, and fruits, as well as inland fishing and tilapia. There are a number of fishponds which are now engaged in tilapia breeding and fingerlings production. Rice and corn mills are also numerous in the area.

Corn Husk Products

Since the municipality's major agricultural product is corn, the people of Banga found a way to use the corn husks that would have otherwise become agricultural waste, by weaving or braiding them into decorative or useful items such as slippers, bags, hats, flowers, dolls, wreaths, leis, bouquets or key chains. The corn husk products are mostly sold locally, with a display center in the municipality of Banga which is well visited by the locals and also travelers from different places. The association also displays in Pasalubong Centers organized by the Department of Trade and Industry as well as in SM (Shoemart) stores which orders their slippers. The Banga Corn Husk Association also has subcontracts with handicraft exporters, so that their products have reached as far as Japan and Europe.

This industry started in 2003 when craftspeople from Banga attended a training on corn husk weaving and flower making in General Santos City, facilitated by the Department of Agriculture and conducted by the Philippine Corn Husk Association. In 2004 the Banga Corn Husk Association was organized and the group took the lead in the development of the corn husk industry. As of 2007, the Banga Corn Husk Association had 54 members including the weavers, braiders and twine makers who supply the raw materials.

According to the monthly report of the Department of Trade and Industry in South Cotabato, the average sales of corn husk products is 50,000 pesos per month, with sales during months with trade fairs and product exhibits reaching 100,000 pesos. In average, the annual production volume of corn husk products in Banga is 6,000 slippers, 1200 bags, 6,000 leis, and 6,000 accessories (vases, key chains, wreath, flowers, hats, etc.).

Tourism

The scenic spot of Banga is Mila’s Peak in Sitio Lamkot. It also has two resorts, Fortune Field Resort and Blue Haven Resort.

Footnotes

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References

Citation

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