Banaag at Sikat

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An extant copy of the 2nd Edition of Banaag at Sikat, Collection of Dennis Villegas

Banaag at Sikat is a Tagalog novel written by Lope K. Santos. It is highly acclaimed as one of the greatest Tagalog novels in the annals of Philippine classic literature.

First published in 1906 by Imprenta MacCulloch (Maynila), Banaag at Sikat is a story set during the early years of the American occupation of the Philippines. It is a revolutionary book that became the consummate novel of proletarian struggle to rise against injustice and inequality. Although hugely popular, the novel's theme of the emergence of Socialism in the Philippines failed to make a significant impression on readers, as the Filipino people were not yet ready to embrace the concept.

Banaag at Sikat was listed by as one of the 100 greatest Tagalog novels ever written.


  • Aspillera, Paraluman, ed., Talambuhay ni Lope K. Santos, Maynila: Capitol Publishing House, 1972
  • Santos, Lope K., Banaag at Sikat, Maynila: Imprenta McCulloch, Unag Pagkalimbag, 1906

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