Antonio K. Abad

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Antonio Kabigting Abad
13 August 1886 – 8 October 1964
Place of birth: San Isidro, Nueva Ecija
Place of death:
Father: Atanacio Abad
Mother: Hermogena Kabigting
First Wife: Socorro Lugon
First Wife: Leticia Palad

Antonio Kabigting Abad (13 August 1886 – 8 October 1964) was a Tagalog writer and lexicographer. His works were mostly concerned with Philippine history, and he wrote a number of biographies and dictionaries.


Early life and education

Abad was born in San Isidro, Nueva Ecija. His parents, Atanacio Abad and Hermogena Kabigting, received little education. Nevertheless, they owned lands that helped augment the family income. By the time he finished sixth grade in 1904, his parents sent him to Manila to continue his studies.

Career in government

In 1905, Abad passed the 3rd grade civil service examinations and worked as a clerk in the Bureau of Public Works the following year. Later on, in 1908, he took and passed the 2nd grade civil service examinations and served as district chief clerk in the bureau’s Pasig office from 1910 to 1911. After this stint, he was transferred to Cabanatuan, Nueva Ecija where he worked until 1920.

Abad resigned from his job in the bureau and worked in the private sector. in 1928, he returned to to Manila and studied at the Philippine School of Commerce. An effective speaker, he also tried his hand in politics but failed to win a position. In 1939, he passed the 1st grade civil service examinations. After World War II, he was designated as the chief of the Senate's disbursement and property division in 1945, a position he held until he retired on 30 September 1952.

Writing career

Abad had been writing at the same time as he was working for the government. . One of his early works, Unang Paghihimagsik sa Nueva Ecija (The First Revolt in Nueva Ecjia), was serialized in ''Muling Pagsilang'' from 7 September 1907. Some of his short works appeared in Ang Democracia, Ang Bayan, Taliba, Renacimiento Filipino, Ang Mithi and others. Some of the pen names he used were Abakada, Batang Katipunan, Matang-Pusa and Akasia.

While working in the Pasig office of the Bureau of Public Works, he joined the literary group Sulong sa Ikalalaya. Among the group’s members were Mamerto Hilario, Candido T. Cruz, Gregorio de la Paz, Delfin Musni, Filomeno Sta. Ana, and Engradio de Leon. On 15 August 1910, he was awarded by the group for his novelette Bakas ng Himagsikan.

In 1915, he wrote the socialist piece Hating-gabi (Midnight) which was published in ''Liwayway''. The piece was awarded a prize of PHP125 by the Kapisanang Balintawak. Three years later, another work,Kasaysayan ng Nuweba Esija (History of Nueva Ecija], won a prize in a contest held by the Carnival at Muñoz City in the said province.

Abad was a member of the Aklatang Bayan, Dilang Guinto, Samahan ng mga Mananagalog, Philippine Numismatic and Antiquarian Society, Philippine Philatelic Association, and the Philippine Historical Association. On 19 June 1961, he received the Rizal Pro-Patria Award from President Carlos P. Garcia.

Family and personal life

Abad married Socorro Lugon in February 1907. Their children were Eliseo, Artemio, Angelina, Romeo (died in 1908), Julieta, Julpha, Antonio Jr., Isidro, Romeo (named after the older brother who died), Temistocles, Gertie, Manuel, and Teresita. His first wife died in 1952. In 1958, he married Leticia Palad, by whom he had a son named Ferdinand.

Other literary works

  • 1910 - Ang Sumpa Ko, Katha ni Akasia (My Vow, by Akasia)
  • 1910 - Wakas ng Palad. Mga mumunting kasaysayan , a collection of 8 short stories
  • 1911 - Pag-ibig at Kasawian (Love and Defeat)
  • 1919 - Ang Pagkanulo kay Heneral Aguinaldo (naging Presidente ng Republika Pilipina) (The Betrayal of General Aguinaldo)
  • 1919 – Ang Digmaang Pilipino at Amerikano, 1899 (The 1899 Filipino-American War)
  • 1926 - “Ang Mahiwagang Pagkamatay ni Heneral Luna (The Mysterious Death of General Luna)”
  • 1941 - Diksyonaryong Pilipino at Tagalog (Filipino and Tagalog Dictionary)
  • 1955 – ''General Macario L. Sakay (the only President of the Tagalog Republic).
  • 1955 - Si Rizal at ang Kanyang mga Kaaway (Rizal and His Enemies)
  • 1960 - Talambuhay ni Dr. Jose P. Rizal (The Life of Dr. Jose P. Rizal) ; believed to have been submitted in a contest as it bears the stamp of the Rizal National Centennial Commission, 15 June 1960.


  • Manuel, E. Arsenio. Dictionary of Philippine Biography, Volume 1. Quezon City: Filipiniana Publications, 1955.
  • “Antonio K. Abad (1886-1964).” Philippine Revolution. (Accessed 15 July 2010).



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