|27 July 1809 – 1882|
|Place of birth:||Arevalo, Iloilo|
Anselmo Avanceña (1809 – 1882) was a Roman Catholic priest and religious writer. He was known for translating novenas, catechisms, prayer books, and lives of saints written in Spanish into Hiligaynon.
Early Life and Education
Avanceña was born on 27 July 1809 in Arevalo, Iloilo. His family was well-known in Molo, Iloilo as they were farmers and merchants. He received his primary education in Jaro, Iloilo and went to Manila for a while before he entered the Real Colegio Seminario Conciliar, a seminary in Cebu.
Avanceña was ordained as priest in December 1833 and was soon the appointed reader in philosophy in the seminary. He held the position for nine years. His succeeding positions after that included the following: vice-rector; notario mayor of the juzgado provisoral of the bishopric; capellan de solio; secretary to Bishop Romualdo Ximeno; and chaplain of the Santissimo Rosario of the Fort of San Pedro in the province of Cebu.
He was active in helping the poor and the sick in Cebu. He opened a house of charity for them, which was run by medical practitioners and attendants. He also organized a group of pious auxiliaries who assisted the people with their religious needs. He was responsible for the building of a stone cemetery with a chapel in Cebu, as well as the rebuilding of the choir and the altars of the cathedral.
Avanceña was named parish priest of Arevalo, Iloilo on 20 August 1864 by Bishop Ximeno, the same bishop who appointed him as ecclesiastical judge and vicar foraneo of the secular clergy of Iloilo. He resigned from the post on 20 May 1868 when he became judge provisor and vicar general of the bishopric, juez testamentos, de capellanes y de obras pias, as appointed by Bishop Mariano Cuartero y Medina. He was also responsible in part for the construction of the Catholic church of Arevalo which was finished in 1869.
In 1875, he and his nieces, Jovita Avanceña and Ramona Avanceña, built a school for girls and named it Santa Ana College. He died of cholera in 1882, after treating patients suffering from the same disease.
- “Novena Sa Señor Sto. Nino” (Novena to the Señor Sto. Niño) (1876)
- “Novena Sang Mahimayaon, cag Palamilagro nga San Antonio de Padua” (Novena of the Glorious and Miraculous St. Anthony of Padua) (1869)
- “ Novena sa Mga Kalag Sa Purgatorio” (Novena for the Souls in Purgatory) (1870)
- “Novena Sang Santos nga Tuud ng Casing – Casing Ni Jesus” (Novena of the Sacred and True Heart of Jesus) (1876)
- “Sacrificio o Maayo Nga Pagsimba Sang Cristianos” (Sacrifice, or Proper Worship by Christians) (1881)
- “Semana Ni Maria Con Pag – devocion Sa Mahal Nga Virgen Sa Pag – dangat Sing Isa sa Camatayon” (Week of Mary, Doing a Devotion to the Holy Virgin When One Nears Death) (1881)
- “Novena Sa Halangdon Nga Tuud Nga Santisima Trinidad” (Novena to the Noble and True Holy Trinity) (1882)
- “Novena Sang Mahal nga Virgen Sa Rosario” (Novena of the Holy Virgin of the Rosary) (1882)
- “Novena Ni Señor San Roque” (Novena to Señor San Roque) (1882)
- “Pag duao Sa Santissimo Sacramento Sa Altar, Cag sa Mahal Nga Virgen” (Visiting the Most Holy Sacrament at the Altar, and the Holy Virgin) (1882)
- “Pagtolonan sa Mayo nga Pagconfesar, cag Pagcalawat Sang mga Cabataan subong man sang mga Dalagcu na nga dili pa Mahibalo Magconfesar cag Magcalawat, nga Guintucud sa Concilio Romano Sang Tuig Nga 1725 ang Santo Papa nga si Benedicto XIII” (A Primer for Proper Confession, and Communion of Children along with Adults who do not yet Know how to make Confession and receive Communion, that was Established by the Roman Council in the Year 1725 and the Holy Father Benedict XIII) (1882)
- “Vida ni San Alejo Confesor Anac ni Deufeminiano Cag ni Da. Aglais Sa Imperiong Roma” (The Life of St. Alejo, Confessor, Son of Deufeminiano and of Doña Aglais of the Roman Empire) (1883)
- “Novena Sang Mahimayaon cag Bantog nga Virgen kag Martir Santa Filomena” (Novena to the Glorious and Famed Virgin and Martyr St. Philomene) (1883)
- “Anselmo Avanceña (1809 – 1882) Charity Worker and Religious Writer.” National Historical Institute. (Accessed 26 October 2009).
- Manuel,E. Arsenio (1955). Dictionary of Philippine Biography, Volume 1. Quezon City: Filipiniana Publications.
- Quirino, Carlos. (1995) Who's Who in Philippine History. Manila: Tahanan Books.