Abra

From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
{{#if: Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if: 303 | }} {{#if: | }} {{#if:3,975.6| }} {{#if:209,491| }} {{#if:53| }}
Province of Abra
Landmarks
[[Image:{{{landmarkfile}}}|250px]]{{#if:}}
Seal

{{ #if: Ph_seal_abra.png |

Ph seal abra.png

}}

Location
[[Image:Ph locator map abra.png|250px]]{{#if:}}
Government
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province {{{province}}}
City {{{city}}}
Mayor {{{mayor}}}
Vice Mayor {{{vice-mayor}}}
Councilors {{{councilors}}}
Municipality {{{municipality}}}
Barangays 303
Website {{{website}}}
Physical characteristics
Area 3,975.6 km²
{{#if:31st largest| (31st largest) }}
Population
Total (2000) (12th smallest) }}
Density 53/km²
{{#if:4th lowest| (4th lowest) }}

Abra is a landlocked province of the Philippines in the Cordillera Administrative Region in Luzon. Its capital is Bangued, and it borders Ilocos Norte and Apayao on the north, Ilocos Sur and Mountain Province on the south, Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur on the west, and Kalinga, and Apayao on the east.

Contents

Demographics

Abra's inhabitants are mostly descendants of Ilocano settlers and members of the Tingguian tribe.

The predominant languages are Ilocano and Itneg. Based on the 1995 census survey, Ilocano is generally spoken by 73.65% of the region's total population. 25.18% speak Itneg, 0.16% speak Tagalog, and the remaining 0.54% speak other dialects.

Economy

As of 1990, there were 743 cottage industries in Abra, of which 208 are registered with the Department of Trade and Industry. 59% are engaged in bamboo and rattan craft making, both leading industries in the area.

In 1992, the natural dye industry, together with loom weaving and embroidery, was revived by former Governor Ma. Zita Claustro-Valera, the first woman governor of Abra.

Abra's economy is agriculture-based. Its major crops are rice, corn, and root crops; and commercial produce are coffee, tobacco, and coconut. Extensive grassland and pasture areas are used for livestock production.

Geography

Political

Abra is subdivided into 27 municipalities.

City/Municipality No. of
Barangays
Area
(km²)
Population
(2000)
Pop. density
(per km²)
Ph seal abra bangued.png Bangued
Ph seal abra boliney.png Boliney
Ph seal abra bucay.png Bucay
Ph seal abra bucloc.png Bucloc
Ph seal abra daguioman.png Daguioman
Danglas
Ph seal abra dolores.png Dolores
Ph seal abra la paz.png La Paz
Ph seal abra lacub.png Lacub
Ph seal abra lagangilang.png Lagangilang
Ph seal abra lagayan.png Lagayan
Langiden
Licuan-Baay
Luba
Malibcong
Ph seal abra manabo.png Manabo
Peñarrubia
Pidigan
Pilar
Ph seal abra sallapadan.png Sallapadan
San Isidro
San Juan
San Quintin
Tayum
Tineg
Tubo
Villaviciosa








































Physical

Abra is hemmed in by the towering mountain ranges of the Ilocos in the west and the Cordillera Central in the east. It has an extremely rugged terrain, with mountains and hills rising along its perimeter and interior. The plains are drained by the Abra River, which flows northward from Mt. Data in the Mountain Province.

History

The first inhabitants of Abra were the ancestors of the Bontocs and the Ifugaos. These inhabitants eventually left to settle in the old Mountain Province. Other early inhabitants were the Tingguians, or Itnegs, as they are also known.

In 1598 a Spanish garrison was established in Bangued to protect the Ilocanos who converted to Christianity from Tingguian raids. During the British invasion, Gabriela Silang and her army fled to Abra from Ilocos and continued the revolt begun by her slain husband, Diego Silang. She was captured and hang by the Spanish in 1763.

In 1818 the Ilocos region, including Abra, was divided into Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur. In 1846 Abra was created as a political-military province with Lepanto as a sub-province. It remained so until the arrival of the Americans in 1899.

In 1908 the Philippine Commission once again in annexed Abra to Ilocos Sur in an attempt to resolve Abra's financial difficulties. But on March 9, 1917, the Philippine Assembly reestablished Abra as a province.

The revolutionary priest, Conrado Balweg, who fought for the rights of the Cordillera tribes, began his crusade in Abra. After successfully negotiating a peace accord with Balweg's group in 1987, the Philippine government created the Cordillera Administrative Region, which includes Abra.

External links


Flag of the Philippines.png Philippines
Capital Manila | National Capital Region
Provinces Abra | Agusan del Norte | Agusan del Sur | Aklan | Albay | Antique | Apayao | Aurora | Basilan | Bataan | Batanes | Batangas | Benguet | Biliran | Bohol | Bukidnon | Bulacan | Cagayan | Camarines Norte | Camarines Sur | Camiguin | Capiz | Catanduanes | Cavite | Cebu | Compostela Valley | Cotabato | Davao del Norte | Davao del Sur | Davao Oriental | Dinagat Islands | Eastern Samar | Guimaras | Ifugao | Ilocos Norte | Ilocos Sur | Iloilo | Isabela | Kalinga | La Union | Laguna | Lanao del Norte | Lanao del Sur | Leyte | Maguindanao | Marinduque | Masbate | Misamis Occidental | Misamis Oriental | Mountain Province | Negros Occidental | Negros Oriental | Northern Samar | Nueva Ecija | Nueva Vizcaya | Occidental Mindoro | Oriental Mindoro | Palawan | Pampanga | Pangasinan | Quezon | Quirino | Rizal | Romblon | Samar | Sarangani | Shariff Kabunsuan | Siquijor | Sorsogon | South Cotabato | Southern Leyte | Sultan Kudarat | Sulu | Surigao del Norte | Surigao del Sur | Tarlac | Tawi-Tawi | Zambales | Zamboanga del Norte | Zamboanga del Sur | Zamboanga Sibugay
Other subdivisions Island groups | Regions | Cities | Municipalities | Barangays | Legislative districts
Territorial
disputes
Sabah | Scarborough Shoal | Spratly Islands

Original Source

Smallwikipedialogo.png This page was adapted from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Abra (province). The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with Wikipedia, WikiPilipinas also allows reuse of content made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. See full WikiMedia Terms of Use.


Flag of the Philippines.png This Philippine-related article is a stub. You can help WikiPilipinas by expanding it.