23rd Southeast Asian Games

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23rd Southeast Asian Games
23rd Southeast Asian Games
Theme: "One Heritage, One Southeast Asia"
Nations participating 11
Athletes participating 5336
Events 393
Duration {{{Duration}}}
Officially opened by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
President of the Philippines
Athlete's Oath Mikaela "Mikee" Cojuangco-Jaworski
Judge's Oath Caesar Mateo
Torch lighter Marie Antoinette Rivero
Ceremony venue Quirino Grandstand, Rizal Park

The 23rd Southeast Asian Games (also known as the 2005 SEA Games) was a biannual multi-sport event held in the Philippines from November 27, 2005 to December 5, 2005. The games were participated by the 11 countries located in Southeast Asia.

Events in men's football were started before the opening ceremony, on November 20. The water polo events began on November 21, women's football on November 23, sailing on November 26 and tennis on November 26.

The first gold medal of the games was awarded to Singapore on November 25 when the Water polo team came out unbeaten in the round-robin tournaments, with the Philippine team taking the silver medal and the Malaysian team the bronze.

The Games were also considered both a spectacular event and a valuable opportunity for athletes to gain competition experience and preparation for the upcoming Asian Games and Olympic Games. It was purposely created to strengthen friendship, solidarity and understanding among neighboring countries in the region.

This was the third SEA Games to be hosted by the Philippines, the last two were held in 1981 (see 1981 Southeast Asian Games) and 1991 (see 1991 Southeast Asian Games). Although centered around the capital city of Manila, the logistical huddles required the unusual step of spreading the events across the country in ten other cities. This arrangement was not seen favourably by other participating countries who anticipate travel and accommodation problems in particular, a worry which was confirmed soon after their arrival.


Medal tally

Medals of the 23rd Southeast Asian Games. (L-R)Gold, Silver, Bronze (Courtesy: PhilSOC)

(Host nation highlighted.)

Position Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 20px Philippines 113 84 94 291
2 20px Thailand 87 78 118 283
3 20px Vietnam 71 68 89 228
4 20px Malaysia 61 50 64 175
5 20px Indonesia 49 79 89 217
6 20px Singapore 42 32 55 129
7 20px Myanmar 17 34 48 99
8 20px Laos 3 4 12 19
9 20px Brunei Darussalam 1 2 2 5
10 20px Cambodia 0 3 9 12
11 20px Timor Leste 0 0 3 3

There were 1461 medals awarded. 444 of which were gold medals, 434 were silver medals and 583 were bronze medals.


Gilas (Elegance), the 23rd Southeast Asian Games Philippines 2005 Official Mascot
Tarsier, initial mascot

Gilas (Elegance) is a Philippine Eagle. It is one of the world's largest eagles, distinct for the majestic plumage on top of its head. The eagle is a symbol of elegance, strength and pride. It captures the winning spirit of all the participating athletes. Gilas was inspired by the Filipino words Maliksi (agile), Malakas (strong), Matalino (smart), Mataas (high), and Matalas (sharp).

The mascot was supposed to be a Philippine tarsier until the Philippine SEA Games Organizing Committee (PhilSOC) changed it to its current mascot.

The 2005 SEA Games Logo uses the festival mask similar to those found in most Southeast Asian countries. It represents the many different cultures that will come together for the Games. At the same time the mask captures the exuberant spirit and hospitality of the Filipinos. The logo was inspired by the Masskara Festival held annually in Bacolod City, one of the satellite venues of the event.

The logo was designed by Filipino freelance graphic designer Joel Manalastas.

Theme and Hymn

The games' theme is "One Heritage, One Southeast Asia". The theme emphasizes the importance of unity and cooperation to meet a common goal and aspiration. The games' hymn is "We're All Just One".
Billboards hang on EDSA in Manila for the Southeast Asian Games.

The hymn was composed by singer-composer Jose Mari Chan and lyricist Rene Nieva. It was sung by nine-year-old Filipina soprano Julia Abueva, granddaughter of Philippine national artist Napoleon Abueva and University of the Philippines President Dr. Emerlinda R. Roman, and played by the San Miguel Philharmonic Orchestra under the baton of Ryan Cayabyab.


The organizing body for the Games is the Philippine SEA Games Organizing Committee (PhilSOC). The last time the Philippines hosted the SEA Games was 14 years ago, in 1991.

Preparations of the host country for the SEA Games have been criticized both locally and in the region. The ten visiting nations have experienced logistical problems, particularly with accommodation and transport. [1] In addition, while the venues outside Manila have actively prepared for welcoming the visiting athletes, organizers in the capital have had numerous problems drumming up widespread support and exposure for the SEA Games. Among the only visible indications of the Games apart from the commercial sponsors' advertisements are the welcome banners put up by the city government of Manila.

Opening Ceremony

The flags of the 11 nations competing in the 23rd Southeast Asian Games during the Opening Ceremony held in Quirino Grandstand.

The opening ceremony of the games was held at the Quirino Grandstand in Manila, the first time a park was utilized instead of a stadium in the history of the games. By doing so, it helped bring down the costs for the hosts, and to alleviate the need to spend millions upgrading existing facilities.

200,000 spectators were able to gather at the park to witness the three-hour ceremony officiated by the Philippine President, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. Starting with a parade of the Philippine flag carried by a members of the Boy Scouts of the Philippines and Girl Scouts of the Philippines from Siena College of Quezon City, it was followed by a parade of Philippines's best athletes and SEA Games alumni. After the national anthem of the Philippines was sung, a colorful cultural dance was presented by the Bayanihan Dance Troupe.

The carrying of the SEA Games Federation Flag was led by SEA Games alumnus Eric Buhain, sprint queen Elma Muros-Posadas and badminton player Weena Lim. The athletes and officials from the 11 participating countries then marched in along the road, starting in alphabetical order with the contingent from Brunei Darussalam and ending with the 740-strong Philippine contingent.

Cebu City and other satellite venues opened the 23rd Southeast Asian Games two days earlier with pomp and pageantry. The SEA Games welcome ceremony there served as the “appetizer” for the formal opening in Manila.

In an unexpected move, the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), the Philippines’ largest Islamic separatist group, sent representatives to attend the opening ceremonies as spectators as a “goodwill measure”.

Meanwhile, the crowd was estimated to be at around more than 200,000, local police officers said.

Closing Ceremony

Jose Cojuangco Jr., president of the Philippine Olympic Committee, handing over the SEA Games flag to Suwat Liptapallop, deputy prime minister of Thailand, during the closing ceremony of the 23rd SEA Games in Manila.

The closing ceremony of the 23rd Southeast Asian Games was held at the Quirino Grandstand on December 5, 2005 which marked the end of the successful hosting of the Philippines for the biennial event. The host, for the first time in the history of the Southeast Asian Games, emerged as the new Southeast Asian sports champion after 28 years of lackluster performance on the medal tally.

Host Philippines passed the SEA Games Federation Flag as sign of its hosting job to the next country, Thailand. The Thailand's Deputy Prime Minister Suwat Liptapanlop was present to receive the flag. The Thai Olympic Committee will make the 24th edition of the games the most spectacular sporting event in its history as the opening date also commemorates the 80th birth anniversary of its King Bhumibol Adulyadej. Thai dancers graced the stage as to have an overview of what the athletes can expect as Thailand will host the 24th Southeast Asian Games in Bangkok. It was an amazing performance as they featured Amazing Thailand as the background.

It was a spectacular night as the San Miguel Philharmonic Orchestra and San Miguel Master Chorale, under the baton of Mr. Ryan Cayabyab, added luster to a rendition of Filipino classics.

The closing ceremony ended with a bang as the One Big Heart rally invaded the stage with all athletes of the participating countries on it. It was a one big party event. Tribal dancers are everywhere. Confettis showered the crowd. Lights played with the rhythm of drums, DJ' s music and chanting as their background. The celebration ended with a long spectacular fireworks display gracing the sky as all of the athletes danced to the tune of unity and prosperity. This is one of the Southeast Asian Games they will truly remember.


The 2005 SEA Games featured 40 sports in more than 393 events. The 23rd edition of the games got the highest number of sporting events in the entire history of the SEA Games, more events than the Asian Games and the Olympic Games. The Southeast Asian Games Federation, through the recommendation of the Philippine SEA Games Organizing Committee (PhilSOC), decided to exclude basketball, a popular sport in the Philippines, from the competitions due to the decision of FIBA to ban the host country to participate in any international competitions of the sport.

Articles about 2005 Southeast Asian Games by sport:

¹ - not an official Olympic Sport
² - sport played only in the SEA Games
³ - not a traditional Olympic nor SEA Games Sport and introduced only by the host country.
° - a former official Olympic Sport, not applied in previous host countries and was introduced only by the host country.


Country Athletes Officials
IOC Code Name Men Women Total Men Women Total
BRU 20px Brunei Darussalam 88 21 109 109 11 120
CAM 20px Cambodia 62 15 77 41 3 44
INA 20px Indonesia 367 266 633 315 89 404
LAO 20px Laos 66 9 75 60 6 66
MAS 20px Malaysia 281 134 415 220 81 301
MYA 20px Myanmar 192 140 332 154 34 188
PHI 20px Philippines 454 289 743 221 87 308
SIN 20px Singapore 195 168 363 216 75 291
THA 20px Thailand 389 288 677 221 47 268
TLS 20px Timor Leste 24 9 33 13 2 15
VIE 20px Vietnam 360 292 652 254 60 314
Total 3213 2159 5336 1824 495 2319


Metro Manila served as the main hub of the Games, though several events also took place in Bacolod City, Cebu City, Los Baños and Canlubang in Laguna, Tagaytay City in Cavite province, Angeles City in Pampanga, and the Subic Bay Freeport Zone in Zambales.

Competition venues

Non-competition venues


3rd ASEAN ParaGames

Main article: 2005 ASEAN ParaGames

The 3rd ASEAN ParaGames were held in Manila on December 14, 2005 to December 20, 2005. This was the sporting event for the disabled sector in the Southeast Asian regional level. The ParaGames were held after every Southeast Asian Games and was patterned after the Paralympics traditionally held days after the Olympic Games. Most of the events were held at the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex. Some new sports for the disabled were also introduced and demonstrated by both foreign and local participants.

See also

External links

Preceded by
Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
Southeast Asian Games Succeeded by
Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand
Southeast Asian Peninsular Games
Thailand 1959 | Burma 1961 | Cambodia 1963¹ | Malaysia 1965 | Thailand 1967
Burma 1969 | Malaysia 1971 | Singapore 1973 | Thailand 1975
Southeast Asian Games
Malaysia 1977 | Indonesia 1979 | Philippines 1981 | Singapore 1983 | Thailand 1985
Indonesia 1987 | Malaysia 1989 | Philippines 1991 | Singapore 1993 | Thailand 1995 | Indonesia 1997 | Brunei Darussalam 1999 | Malaysia 2001 | Vietnam 2003 | Philippines 2005 | Thailand 2007 | Laos 2009 | Indonesia 2011 | Singapore 2013 | Malaysia 2015 | Brunei 2017 | Philippines 2019
¹Cancelled as host pulled out.

Original Source

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