UNESCO

From Wikipilipinas: The Hip 'n Free Philippine Encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
Unesco1.jpeg
Established 16 November 1945
Head Koïchiro Matsuura
Address 7, place de Fontenoy 75352 Paris 07 SP France

1, rue Miollis 75732 Paris Cedex 15 France

Tel. No. +33 (0)1 45 68 10 00
Fax No. +33 (0)1 45 67 16 90
E-Mail bpi@unesco.org
Website portal.unesco.org
Chapters Africa, Arab States, Asia and the Pacific, Europe and North America, Latin America and the Carribean


UNESCO, or United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, is an international organization which focuses on education, social sciences, natural sciences, culture and communication as means of building peace in the minds of the humanity.

Contents

History

UNESCO was founded on November 16, 1945. In as early as 1942, during the World War II, the governments of the European countries, which were confronting Nazi Germany and its allies, met in the United Kingdom for the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education (CAME). Those countries were looking for ways to reconstruct their educational systems once the war was ended and peace was restored. Very quickly, the project gained momentum and soon took on a universal note resulting more governments, including the United States of America, joining in.

Upon the proposal of CAME, a United Nations Conference for the establishment of an educational and cultural organization (ECO/CONF) was convened in London from 1 to 16 of November 1945. The conference opened gathering together the representatives of forty-four countries. Spurred on by France and the United Kingdom, two countries that had known great hardship during the conflict, the delegates decided to create an organization that would embody a genuine culture of peace. In their eyes, the new organization must establish the “intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind” and, in so doing, prevent the outbreak of another world war.

At the end of the conference, thirty-seven countries founded the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. The Constitution of UNESCO, signed on 16 November 1945, came into force on 4 November 1946 after ratification by twenty countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, France, Greece, India, Lebanon, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States.

The main predecessors of UNESCO were

  • The International Committee of Intellectual Co-operation (CICI), Geneva 1922-1946,
  • its executing agency, the International Institute of Intellectual Co-operation (IICI), Paris, 1925-1946
  • The International Bureau of Education (IBE), Geneva, 1925-1968; since 1969 IBE has been part of the UNESCO Secretariat under its own statutes.

Milestones

  • 2007: Montenegro becomes UNESCO’s 192nd Member State.
  • 2005: Brunei Darussalam becomes UNESCO’s 191st Member State.
  • 2003: The United States returns to UNESCO.
  • 2001: UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity is adopted by the General Conference.
  • 1999: Director-General Koïchiro Matsuura undertakes major reforms to restructure and decentralize the Organization’s staff and activities.
  • 1998: The Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights, developed and adopted by UNESCO in 1997, is endorsed by the UN.
  • 1997: The United Kingdom returns to UNESCO.
  • 1992: Creation of the Memory of the World programme to protect irreplaceable library treasures and archive collections. It now includes sound, film and television archives.
  • 1990: The World Conference on Education for All, in Jomtiem, Thailand, launches a global movement to provide basic education for all children, youths and adults. Held ten years later in Dakar, Senegal, the World Education Forum commits governments to achieving basic education for all by 2015.
  • 1984: The United States withdraws from the Organization citing disagreement over management and other issues. The United Kingdom and Singapore withdraw in 1985. The Organization’s budget drops considerably.
  • 1980: The first two volumes of UNESCO’s General History of Africa are published. Similar series focus on other regions, notably Central Asia and the Caribbean.
  • 1978: UNESCO adopts the Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice. Subsequent reports on the issue by the Director-General serve to discredit and dismiss the pseudo-scientific foundations of racism.
  • 1975: The United Nations University is established in Tokyo under the auspices of the UN and UNESCO.
  • 1974: H.H. Pope Paul VI awards the John XXIII Peace Prize to UNESCO.
  • 1972: The Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage is adopted. The World Heritage Committee is established in 1976 and the first sites are inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1978.
  • 1968: UNESCO organizes the first intergovernmental conference aimed at reconciling the environment and development, now known as “sustainable development”. This led to the creation of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme.
  • 1960: Launching of the Nubia Campaign in Egypt to move the Great Temple of Abu Simbel to keep it from being swamped by the Nile after construction of the Aswan Dam. During the 20-year campaign, 22 monuments and architectural complexes are relocated. This is the first and largest in a series of campaigns including Moenjodaro (Pakistan), Fez (Morocco), Kathmandu (Nepal), Borobudur (Indonesia) and the Acropolis (Greece).
  • 1958: Inauguration of UNESCO’s permanent Headquarters in Paris designed by Marcel Breuer (US), Pier-Luigi Nervi (Italy) and Bernard Zehrfuss (France).
  • 1956: The Republic of South Africa withdraws from UNESCO claiming that some of the Organization’s publications amount to “interference” in the country’s “racial problems”. The state rejoins the Organization in 1994 under the leadership of Nelson Mandela.
  • 1952: An intergovernmental conference convened by UNESCO adopts the Universal Copyright Convention. In the decades following World War II, the Convention served to extend copyright protection to numerous states not then party to the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1886).
  • 1948: UNESCO recommends that Member States make free primary education compulsory and universal.
  • November 16, 1945: representatives of 37 countries meet in London to sign UNESCO’s Constitution which comes into force on November 4, 1946 after ratification by 20 signatories.

Goals

Through its strategies and activities, UNESCO is actively pursuing the Millennium Development Goals, especially those aiming to:

  • halve the proportion of people living in extreme poverty in developing countries by 2015;
  • achieve universal primary education in all countries by 2015;
  • eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education by 2005;
  • help countries implement a national strategy for sustainable development by 2005 to reverse current trends in the loss of environmental resources by 2015;
  • UNESCO and the United Nations Millennium Goals

Activities

  • Education: UNESCO is providing international leadership for creating learning societies with educational opportunities for all populations; it supports research in Comparative Education; and provides expertise and fosters partnerships to strengthen national educational leadership and the capacity of countries to offer quality education for all. Such as
    • International Institute for Educational Planning, IIEP: A center for training and research to strengthen the capacity of countries to plan and manage their education systems
  • They are also educating people through the use of 'statements':
    • Seville Statement on Violence: A statement adopted by UNESCO in 1989 to refute the notion that humans are somehow biologically predisposed to organized violence.
  • Designating projects and places of cultural and scientific significance, such as:
    • Biosphere reserves, through the Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB), since 1971
    • City of Literature; in 2007 the first city to be given this title will be Edinburgh
    • Endangered languages and linguistic diversity projects
    • Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
    • Memory of the World International Register, since 1997
    • Water Resource Management, through the International Hydrological Programme (IHP), since 1965
    • World Heritage Sites
  • Encouraging the "free flow of ideas by images and words" by:
    • Promoting freedom of expression, press freedom and access to information, through the International Programme for the Development of Communication and the Communication and Information Programme
    • Promoting universal access to Information and Communications Technology (ICTs), through the Information for All Programme (IFAP)
    • Promoting pluralism and cultural diversity in the media
  • Promoting events, such as:
    • International Decade for the Promotion of a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World: proclaimed by the UN in 1998.
  • World Press Freedom Day, 3 May each year, to promote freedom of expression and freedom of the a basic human right and as crucial components of any healthy, democratic and free society.
  • Founding and funding projects, such as:
    • Migration Museums. Initiative: Promoting the establishment of museums for cultural dialog with migrant populations.
    • UNESCO-CEPES,Press as the European Centre for Higher Education. It was established in 1972 in Bucharest, Romania, as a de-centralized office to promote international co-operation in higher education in Europe as well as Canada, United States and Israel. Higher Education in Europe is its official journal.
    • Free Software Directory: since 1998 UNESCO and the Free Software Foundation have jointly funded this project cataloging free software.
    • Focusing Resources on Effective School Health
    • Organization of Asia-Pacific News Agencies (OANA)
    • International Council of Science
    • UNESCO Goodwill Ambassadors

Director-Generals

  • 1999 - present

Koïchiro Matsuura , Japan

  • 1987-1999

Federico Mayor, Spain

  • 1974-1987

Amadou-Mahtar M'Bow, Senegal

  • 1962 - 1974 (acting 1959, 1961-62)

Rene Maheu, France

  • 1958 - 1962

Vittorino Veronese, Italy

  • 1953 - 1958

Luther Evans , United States

  • 1952 - 1953 (acting DG)

John W. Taylor, United States

  • 1948 - 1952

Jaime Torres Bodet, Mexico

  • 1946 - 1948

Julian Huxley, United Kingdom

Member States

  1. Afghanistan, 4 May 1948
  2. Albania, 16 October 1958
  3. Algeria, 15 October 1962
  4. Andorra, 20 October 1993
  5. Angola, 11 March 1977
  6. Antigua and Barbuda, 15 July 1982
  7. Argentina, 15 September 1948
  8. Armenia, 9 June 1992
  9. Australia, 4 November 1946
  10. Austria, 13 August 1948
  11. Azerbaijan, 3 June 1992
  12. Bahamas, 23 April 1981
  13. Bahrain, 18 January 1972
  14. Bangladesh, 27 October 1972
  15. Barbados, 24 October 1968
  16. Belarus, 12 May 1954
  17. Belgium, 29 November 1946
  18. Belize, 10 May 1982
  19. Benin, 18 October 1960
  20. Bhutan, 13 April 1982
  21. Bolivia, 13 November 1946
  22. Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2 June 1993
  23. Botswana, 16 January 1980
  24. Brazil, 4 November 1946
  25. Brunei Darussalam, 17 March 2005
  26. Bulgaria, 17 May 1956
  27. Burkina Faso, 14 November 1960
  28. Burundi, 16 November 1962
  29. Cambodia, 3 July 1951
  30. Cameroon, 11 November 1960
  31. Canada, 4 November 1946
  32. Cape Verde, 15 February 1978
  33. Central African Republic, 11 November 1960
  34. Chad, 19 December 1960
  35. Chile, 7 July 1953
  36. China, 4 November 1946
  37. Colombia, 31 October 1947
  38. Comoros, 22 March 1977
  39. Congo, 24 October 1960
  40. Cook Islands, 25 October 1989
  41. Costa Rica, 19 May 1950
  42. Côte d'Ivoire, 27 October 1960
  43. Croatia, 1 June 1992
  44. Cuba, 29 August 1947
  45. Cyprus, 6 February 1961
  46. Czech Republic, 22 February 1993
  47. Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 18 October 1974
  48. Democratic Republic of the Congo, 25 November 1960
  49. Denmark, 4 November 1946
  50. Djibouti, 31 August 1989
  51. Dominica, 9 January 1979
  52. Dominican Republic, 4 November 1946
  53. Ecuador, 22 January 1947
  54. Egypt, 4 November 1946
  55. El Salvador, 28 April 1948
  56. Equatorial Guinea, 29 November 1979
  57. Eritrea, 2 September 1993
  58. Estonia, 14 October 1991
  59. Ethiopia, 1 July 1955
  60. Fiji, 14 July 1983
  61. Finland, 10 October 1956
  62. France, 4 November 1946
  63. Gabon, 16 November 1960
  64. Gambia, 1 August 1973
  65. Georgia, 7 October 1992
  66. Germany, 11 July 1951
  67. Ghana, 11 April 1958
  68. Greece, 4 November 1946
  69. Grenada, 17 February 1975
  70. Guatemala, 2 January 1950
  71. Guinea, 2 February 1960
  72. Guinea-Bissau, 1 November 1974
  73. Guyana, 21 March 1967
  74. Haiti, 18 November 1946
  75. Honduras, 16 December 1947
  76. Hungary, 14 September 1948
  77. Iceland, 8 June 1964
  78. India, 4 November 1946
  79. Indonesia, 27 May 1950
  80. Iran (Islamic Republic of), 6 September 1948
  81. Iraq, 21 October 1948
  82. Ireland, 3 October 1961
  83. Israel, 16 September 1949
  84. Italy, 27 January 1948
  85. Jamaica, 7 November 1962
  86. Japan, 2 July 1951
  87. Jordan, 14 June 1950
  88. Kazakhstan, 22 May 1992
  89. Kenya, 7 April 1964
  90. Kiribati, 24 October 1989
  91. Kuwait, 18 November 1960
  92. Kyrgyzstan, 2 June 1992
  93. Lao People's Democratic Republic, 9 July 1951
  94. Latvia, 14 October 1991
  95. Lebanon, 4 November 1946
  96. Lesotho, 29 September 1967
  97. Liberia, 6 March 1947
  98. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, 27 June 1953
  99. Lithuania, 7 October 1991
  100. Luxembourg, 27 October 1947
  101. Madagascar, 10 November 1960
  102. Malawi, 27 October 1964
  103. Malaysia, 16 June 1958
  104. Maldives, 18 July 1980
  105. Mali, 7 November 1960
  106. Malta, 10 February 1965
  107. Marshall Islands, 30 June 1995
  108. Mauritania, 10 January 1962
  109. Mauritius, 25 October 1968
  110. Mexico, 4 November 1946
  111. Micronesia (Federated States of), 19 October 1999
  112. Monaco, 6 July 1949
  113. Mongolia, 1 November 1962
  114. Morocco, 7 November 1956
  115. Montenegro, 1st March 2007
  116. Mozambique, 11 October 1976
  117. Myanmar, 27 June 1949
  118. Namibia, 2 November 1978
  119. Nauru, 17 October 1996
  120. Nepal, 1 May 1953
  121. Netherlands, 1 January 1947
  122. New Zealand, 4 November 1946
  123. Nicaragua, 22 February 1952
  124. Niger, 10 November 1960
  125. Nigeria, 14 November 1960
  126. Niue, 26 October 1993
  127. Norway, 4 November 1946
  128. Oman, 10 February 1972
  129. Pakistan, 14 September 1949
  130. Palau, 20 September 1999
  131. Panama, 10 January 1950
  132. Papua New Guinea, 4 October 1976
  133. Paraguay, 20 June 1955
  134. Peru, 21 November 1946
  135. Philippines, 21 November 1946
  136. Poland, 6 November 1946
  137. Portugal (1), 11 September 1974
  138. Qatar, 27 January 1972
  139. Republic of Korea, 14 June 1950
  140. Republic of Moldova, 27 May 1992
  141. Romania, 27 July 1956
  142. Russian Federation, 21 April 1954
  143. Rwanda, 7 November 1962
  144. Saint Kitts and Nevis, 26 October 1983
  145. Saint Lucia, 6 March 1980
  146. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, 14 January 1983
  147. Samoa, 3 April 1981
  148. San Marino, 12 November 1974
  149. Sao Tome and Principe, 22 January 1980
  150. Saudi Arabia, 4 November 1946
  151. Senegal, 10 November 1960
  152. Serbia (2), 20 December 2000
  153. Seychelles, 18 October 1976
  154. Sierra Leone, 28 March 1962
  155. Singapore, 8 October 2007
  156. Slovakia, 9 February 1993
  157. Slovenia, 27 May 1992
  158. Solomon Islands, 7 September 1993
  159. Somalia, 15 November 1960
  160. South Africa (3), 12 December 1994
  161. Spain, 30 January 1953
  162. Sri Lanka, 14 November 1949
  163. Sudan, 26 November 1956
  164. Suriname, 16 July 1976
  165. Swaziland, 25 January 1978
  166. Sweden, 23 January 1950
  167. Switzerland, 28 January 1949
  168. Syrian Arab Republic, 16 November 1946
  169. Tajikistan, 6 April 1993
  170. Thailand, 1 January 1949
  171. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, 28 June 1993
  172. Timor-Leste, 5 June 2003
  173. Togo, 17 November 1960
  174. Tonga, 29 September 1980
  175. Trinidad and Tobago, 2 November 1962
  176. Tunisia, 8 November 1956
  177. Turkey, 4 November 1946
  178. Turkmenistan, 17 August 1993
  179. Tuvalu, 21 October 1991
  180. Uganda, 9 November 1962
  181. Ukraine, 12 May 1954
  182. United Arab Emirates, 20 April 1972
  183. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (4),1 July 1997
  184. United Republic of Tanzania, 6 March 1962
  185. United States of America (5), 1 October 2003
  186. Uruguay, 8 November 1947
  187. Uzbekistan, 26 October 1993
  188. Vanuatu, 10 February 1994
  189. Venezuela, 25 November 1946
  190. Viet Nam, 6 July 1951
  191. Yemen, 2 April 1962
  192. Zambia, 9 November 1964
  193. Zimbabwe, 22 September 1980

Associated Members

  1. Aruba, 20 October 1987
  2. British Virgin Islands, 24 November 1983
  3. Cayman Islands, 30 October 1999
  4. Macao, China, 25 October 1995
  5. Netherlands Antilles, 26 October 1983
  6. Tokelau, 15 October 2001

UNESCO National Commission of the Philippines

The commission is composed of 41 members representing UNESCO's fields of competence. The National Commission closely cooperates with UNESCO Headquarters, Paris, the UNESCO Regional Offices of Jakarta (Indonesia) and Bangkok (Thailand). It maintains close working relations with Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Viet Nam, PNG, Malaysia, South Korea, India and other National Commissions.

Activities

  • Regional Workshop on Lifelong Learning for Sustainable Development
  • Consultation on the UNESCO National Education Support Strategy (UNESS)
  • National Dialogue and Report on the Development and State of the Art of Adult Learning and Education in Preparation of CONFINTEA VI
  • DESD Orientation for ASPNets and UNESCO Clubs in Region 3 – Central Luzon
  • National Capability Enhancement Program for NSTP Implementers in the HEIs
  • Roundtable Discussion on “Funding of Initial Activities Leading to Philippine Membership in the Washington Accord”
  • Roundtable Discussion on Institutional Support for the Biofuels Cluster
  • Roundtable Discussion for Institutional Reforms for National Water Governance through Legislation
  • Re-Assessment, re-writing and publication of Dr. Fraterno T. Abad’s Manuscripts on “Taxonomy of the Intertidal Crinoids of Puerto Galera Mindoro”
  • Seminar/Write-shop on the Synthesis of all the conducted Outreach Marine Programmes of NCMS
  • NCMS Outreach Marine Programme 2008: Zamboanga
  • Preparation of the NCMS Biennial Report 2006-2007
  • SHS Round Table Conference: “Social and Human Sciences – Envisioning their Role in the 21st Century Philippine Education”
  • Karunungan Festival: "Schools of the People as a Philosophy of Education for the 21st Century"
  • Co-sponsoring of the National Social Science Council VI
  • Development of Teaching Notes for High School Health Education Teachers
  • Establishing a Center for Women and Children for the Promotion of Peace through Interfaith Dialogue and Education
  • Regional High-Level Meeting on the Teaching of Philosophy in asia and the Pacific
  • Sub-regional forum on Information for All

Publication

  • UNESCO Philippines Journal

Officers

  • Mr. Alberto G. Romulo, Chairperson
  • H.E. Mrs Preciosa Soliven, Secretary-General

Contact Details

  • Address:

G/F Department of Foreign Affairs Bldg.
2330 Roxas Boulevard, Pasay City, Metro Manila, Philippines

  • Phone:

(63-2) 834 48 18; 834 34 47
(63-2) 722 17 76; 834 48 44

  • Fax:

(63-2) 831 88 73
(63-2) 721 27 63

  • E-mail:

unescoph@mozcom.com
pssoliven@yahoo.com

External Links

References

Citation

Wikipinas.png

Original content from WikiPilipinas. under GNU Free Documentation License. See full disclaimer.