Transportation in the Philippines
(to access the knowledge database on Philippine Transportation, click Transportation link)
Despite the difficult terrain, the Philippines has an extensive road system. However, only about 14 percent of roads in the Philippines are paved. The land transportation system consists of roads, and railway networks, and modern transit systems. There are about 200,000 kilometers of roads in the Philippines. About two fifths of this mileage is paved. The rail system in the country, concentrated on the northern region of Luzon, is limited and is used by only a few people. The more popular light-rail transit system known as Metrorail was opened in Manila in 1985 to help reduce traffic congestion. Other modes of transportation for commuters include buses, taxis, pedicabs, horse-drawn carriages, and the popular and colorful jeepney.
Rail Transit Systems
- Light Rail Transit Authority (LRT-1/Metrorail/Yellow Line), from Monumento, Caloocan City to Baclaran, Parañaque City.
- Light Rail Transit Authority (MRT-2/Megatren/Purple Line), from Santolan, Marikina City to Avenida, Manila.
- Metro Rail Transit Corporation (MRT-3/Metrostar/Blue Line), from North Avenue, Quezon City to Taft Avenue, Pasay City.
- Pan Philippine Highway (Maharlika Highway)
- North Luzon Expressway, from Balintawak, Quezon City in Metro Manila to Santa Ines, Pampanga.
- South Luzon Expressway, from Manila in Metro Manila to Calamba City in Laguna.
- Metro Manila Skyway, an elevated tollway that complements with the South Luzon Expressway and runs from Sen. Gil Puyat Ave. (Buendia) in Makati City to Bicutan, Parañaque City. It will extend from Bicutan to Filinvest.
- Manila-Cavite Expressway (Manila Coastal Road), from Parañaque City in Metro Manila to Bacoor, Cavite
- Manila North Road (MacArthur Highway), from Caloocan City to San Fernando City, La Union
- Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, from SM Mall of Asia to Caloocan City
Both Manila and Cebu are hubs of interisland shipping. The Port of Manila is a major international harbor. It is divided into three areas: North Harbor, which serves the interisland vessels; South Harbor, for international shipping; and the Manila International Container Terminal. It is Cebu City however that has a greater number of interisland ships at its ports. Other cities with bustling ports and piers include Batangas City, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu City, Davao City, Guimaras Island, Iligan, Iloilo, Jolo, Legaspi, Lucena, Puerto Princesa, San Fernando, Subic Bay Freeport, Zamboanga, Matnog, Allen, Ormoc, and Dalahican.
The national air carrier of the Philippines is Philippine Airlines (PAL). The country’s international airports are Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila and Mactan International Airport near the city of Cebu.
- Ninoy Aquino International Airport (Manila)
- Mactan-Cebu International Airport (Cebu City)
- Francisco Bangoy International Airport (Davao City)
- Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (Clark Special Economic Zone, Pampanga)
- Subic Bay International Airport (Subic Bay Freeport Zone, Zambales)
- Laoag International Airport (Laoag, Ilocos Norte)
- General Santos International Airport (General Santos City)
- Zamboanga International Airport (Zamboanga City)
- Air Philippines
- Asian Spirit
- Cebu Pacific
- Interisland Airlines
- Philippine Airlines (national flag carrier)
- South East Asian Airlines
- Tair Airways
- Asian Info
- Transportation in the Philippines from Kriyayoga
- Environmental Policy and Raod Transportation in the Philippines
- “Transportation in the Philippines”. Britannica Encyclopedia. http://www.britannica.com/ebi/article-206418 (July 17, 2007)
- “Transportation in the Philippines”. AsianInfo.org. http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/philippines/pro-transportation.htm(July 17, 2007)