Transportation in the Philippines

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(to access the knowledge database on Philippine Transportation, click Transportation link)


Land Transport

Despite the difficult terrain, the Philippines has an extensive road system. However, only about 14 percent of roads in the Philippines are paved. The land transportation system consists of roads, and railway networks, and modern transit systems. There are about 200,000 kilometers of roads in the Philippines. About two fifths of this mileage is paved. The rail system in the country, concentrated on the northern region of Luzon, is limited and is used by only a few people. The more popular light-rail transit system known as Metrorail was opened in Manila in 1985 to help reduce traffic congestion. Other modes of transportation for commuters include buses, taxis, pedicabs, horse-drawn carriages, and the popular and colorful jeepney.

Rail Transit Systems

Main Highways

Water Transport

Both Manila and Cebu are hubs of interisland shipping. The Port of Manila is a major international harbor. It is divided into three areas: North Harbor, which serves the interisland vessels; South Harbor, for international shipping; and the Manila International Container Terminal. It is Cebu City however that has a greater number of interisland ships at its ports. Other cities with bustling ports and piers include Batangas City, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu City, Davao City, Guimaras Island, Iligan, Iloilo, Jolo, Legaspi, Lucena, Puerto Princesa, San Fernando, Subic Bay Freeport, Zamboanga, Matnog, Allen, Ormoc, and Dalahican.

Air Transport

The national air carrier of the Philippines is Philippine Airlines (PAL). The country’s international airports are Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila and Mactan International Airport near the city of Cebu.


Local Airlines